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  • American Heritage

Dowdey, Clifford. "General Lee's Unsolved Problem." American Heritage 6, vol. 3 (1955), pp. 34-39.

  • American Magazine and Historical Chronicle

Handy, Moses Purnell. "The Fall of Richmond in 1865: A Compelling Eyewitness Narrative of the Confederate Collapse." American Magazine and Historical Chronicle, Clements Library, University of Michigan, autumn-winter 1992, pp. 2-21.

  • America's Civil War

Bruce, Charles. (Capt., 14th VA Inf)  "Eyewitness to War - Confederate Captain Charles Bruce kept his father apprised of conditions during the crucial Peninsula campaign.America's Civil War, May 1997.

Carroll, Louise. "Tireless Josiah Gorgas worked wonders at the Richmond Arsenal, arming a fledgling nation from scratch." America's Civil War, November 1989, pp. 8, 64-66.

Guttman, John. "Rebel Stand at Drewry's Bluff." America's Civil War, November 1997.

Suhr, Robert Collins. "Torpedoes, the Confederacy's Dreaded 'Infernal Machines,' Made Many a Union Sea Captain Uneasy." America's Civil War 4, No. 4, pp. 59-62.

Trammel, John K. "Travelers to wartime Richmond had a wide choice of luxurious hotels, inns and taverns." America's Civil War, September 1996.

  • Appleton's Magazine

Barnes, John S. "With Lincoln from Washington to Richmond in 1865." Appleton's Magazine, vol. 9, No. 5 (May 1907), pp. 742-751.

  • Battles and Leaders

Harrison, Constance Cary. "Virginia Scenes in '61." B&L 1: 160-166; "Richmond Scenes in '62." B&L 2: 439-448.

Longstreet, James. "Lee's Invasion of Pennsylvania." B&L 3:244-251.

McMahon, Martin T. "Cold Harbor." B&L 4:213-220.

Pond, George E. "Kilpatrick's and Dahlgren's Raid to Richmond." B&L 4: 95-96.

Porter, Horace. "Five Forks and the Pursuit of Lee." B&L 4: 708-722.

Rodenbough, Theo. F. "Sheridan's Richmond Raid." B&L 4:188-193.

Smith, Gustavus W. "Relative Strength of the Opposing Forces." B&L 2:219.

Soley, James Russell. "The Navy in the Peninsular campaign." B&L 2:270-271.

Sulivane, Clement. "The Fall of Richmond: No. I -The Evacuation," B&L 4:725-726.

  • Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine

Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine. "Ten Days in Richmond." October 1862, pp. 392-402.

  • Century Magazine

Moran, Frank E. "Colonel Rose's Tunnel at Libby prison." Century Magazine, March 1888, 770-790.

  • Charleston Weekly News & Courier

Dade, Virginia E. "Our Women in the War-No. 19: The Fall of Richmond." Charleston Weekly News & Courier, n.d.

Hunt, Sallie. "Our Women in the War-No. 7: Boys and Girls in the War." Charleston Weekly News & Courier, n.d.

  • Civil War History

Gunderson, Robert G. "The Old Gentlemen's Convention." Civil War History, vol. 7, No. 11 pp. 5-12.

Johnston, Angus J., II. "Lee's Last Lifeline: The Richmond & Danville." Civil War History 7, No. 3 (Sept. 1961), pp. 288-297.

Kimball, William J. "The Bread Riot in Richmond." Civil War History 7 (Sept. 1961), pp. 149-154.

Robinson, William M., Jr. "Drewry's Bluff Naval Defense of Richmond, 1862." Civil War History 7, no. 2 (June 1961), pp. 167-175.

  • Civil War Times Illustrated

Burton, David L. "Friday the 13th: Richmond's Great Home Front Disaster." Civil War Times Illustrated 21, No. 6 (Oct. 1982), pp. 36-41.

Cullen, Joseph P. "Chimborazo Hospital, That Charnel House of Living Sufferers." Civil War Times Illustrated, vol. 19, No. 9 (Jan. 1981), pp. 36-41.

Duling, Ennis. "The Duke of Richmond." Civil War Times Illustrated 23, No. 9 (Jan. 1985), pp. 40-47.

Evans, Charles M. "Air War Over Virginia." Civil War Times Illustrated 34 (Oct. 1996).

Hassler, William. "Wildman Wigfall." Civil War Times Illustrated 23, No. 2 (Apr. 1984), pp. 24-37.

Kimball, William J. "

  • The Commonwealth

Hemphill, W. Edwin. "Bibles Through the Blockade." The Commonwealth, vol. XVI (Aug. 1940), pp. 9-12, 30-32.

  • Confederate Veteran

Allen, Alice West. "Recollections of War in Virginia." CV 23, pp. 268-269.

Anderson, Joseph R., Jr. "Anderson's Brigade in Battles Around Richmond." CV 31, pp. 448-451.

Anonymous. “‘Captain’ Sally Tompkins,” CV 16 (1908), p. 72

Anonymous. “Memorial to Miss Sallie Tompkins,” CV 24 (1916), p. 484

Bayne, Thomas Livingston. "Life in Richmond, 1863-1865." CV 30, pp. 100-101.

Broun, William Le Roy. "Confederate Ordnance During the War." CV 12, p. 20; reprint from Journal of the United States Artillery.

Burnet, Mrs. Theodore L. "Reminiscences of the Confederacy." CV 15, p. 173.

Cabell, William Preston. "How a Woman Helped to Save Richmond." Reprint from Memphis Commercial Appeal. CV 31, pp. 177-178.

Cary, Miles. "How Richmond Was Defended." CV 15, pp. 557-559.

Coxe, John. "Last Struggles and Successes of Lee." CV 22, pp. 357-359.

Doyle, J. H. "When Richmond Was Evacuated." CV 39, pp. 205-206.

Garnett, Theodore S. "The Dashing Gen. J. E. B. Stuart." CV 19, pp. 575-576.

Gerald, S. A. "Last Soldiers to Leave Richmond." CV 18, p. 432.

Howard, James McH. "Brig. Gen. Walter H. Stevens." CV 30, pp. 249-250.

Klutz, Theo F., Jr. "The Boy Who Saved Richmond." CV 6, pp. 213-214.

M'Anerny, John. "Dahlgren's Raid on Richmond." CV 29, pp. 20-2 1.

McCormick, Cyrus. "How Gallant Stuart Met His Death." Reprint from Clarke Courier, May 15, 1901. CV 39, pp. 98-100.

McDade, J. C. "Personal Bravery of President Davis." CV 22, pp. 555-559.

Mell, P. H. "Dr. W. LeRoy Broun." CV 10, pp. 225.

Miller, Mrs. Fannie Walker. "The Fall of Richmond." CV 13, p. 305.

Sanford, D. B. "Last Confederate Command to Leave Richmond." CV 17, p. 474.

Southall, John R. "Recollections of the Evacuation of Richmond." CV 37, pp. 458-459.

Steuart, Richard D. "How Johnny Got His Gun." CV 32, pp. 166-69.

Stiles, John C. "Shock Officers." CV 33, p. 77.

Sturgis, H. H. "About the Burning of Richmond." CV 17, p. 474.

Taylor, Mrs. Fielding Lewis, “Capt. Sallie Tompkins,” CV 24 (1916), p. 521-524

Timberlake, W L. "The Last Days in Front of Richmond." CV 22, p. 303.

Timberlake, W L. "In the Siege of Richmond and After." CV 29, pp. 412-414.

Wailes, Dr. L.A. "The First Secessionists." CV 30, p. 184-185.

Watehall, E. T. "Fall of Richmond, April 2, 1865." CV 17, p. 24.

Weir, Sally Royce. "Trip to Richmond in 1863." CV 16, pp. 623-624.

Wood, H. E. "More of the Last Defense of Richmond." Reprint from Richmond Times-Dispatch. CV 16, p. 397.

Woods, John L. G. "Last Scenes of War-How I Got Home." CV 27, pp. 140-43.

  • The Cosmopolite

DeLeon, Thomas Cooper. "An Inside View of Four Years in the Confederate Capital." The Cosmopolite, vol. 1, No. 3 (Mar. 1866).

[Pember, Phoebe Yates.] "Reminiscences of a Southern Hospital, by Its Matron." The Cosmopolite, Baltimore, January-April 1866.

  • Cosmopolitan

Alfriend, Edward M. "Social Life in Richmond During the War." Cosmopolitan (Dec. 1891), pp. 229-233.

  • Harper's Monthly

Crook, William H. "Lincoln's Last Day." Harper's Monthly, (Sept. 1907), pp. 519-530.

McLean, Mrs. Eugene. "A Northern Woman in the Confederacy." Harper's Monthly 128 (Jan. 1914), pp. 440-451.

McLean, Mrs. Eugene. "When the States Seceded." Harper's Monthly 128 (Feb. 1914), pp. 282-288.

  • Harper's Monthly Magazine

Beymer, William Gilmore. "Miss Van Lew." Harper's Monthly Magazine (June 1911), pp. 86-99.

  • Harper's New Monthly Magazine

Leyburn, John. "The Fall of Richmond." Harper's New Monthly Magazine 33 (1866), pp. 92-96.

  • Journal of Southern History

O'Brien, John I. "Factory, Church and Community: Blacks in Antebellum Richmond." Journal of Southern History 44 (1978), 509-536.

Trexler, Harrison A. "The Davis Administration and the Richmond Press, 1861-1865." Journal of Southern History 16 (May 1950), pp. 176-195.

  • Maryland Historical Magazine

Canan, H. V. "Confederate Military Intelligence." Maryland Historical Magazine 59 (Mar. 1964), pp. 34-51.

Earp, Charles A. "The Amazing Colonel Zarvona." Maryland Historical Magazine 34 (1939), pp. 336-343.

Paca, Edward Tilghman, Jr. "'Tim's Black Book': The Civil War Diary of Edward Tilghman Paca, Jr., CSA." Edmund C. Paca, ed. Maryland Historical Magazine 89 (winter 1994), pp. 453-466.

Semmes, Raphael. "Civil War Song Sheets: One of the Collections of the Maryland Historical Society." Maryland Historical Magazine 30 (1941), p. 210.

Gaddy, David Winfred. "William Norris and the Confederate Signal and Secret Service." Maryland Historical Magazine 71 (Summer 1975), pp. 166-188.

  • McClure's

Mallory, Stephen. "Last Days of the Confederate Government." McClure's (Dec. 1900), pp. 99-107.

  • Methodist Review

Mellen, George F. "Famous Southern Editors: John Moncure Daniel." Methodist Review, Nashville (July-Aug. 1897), pp. 378-395.

  • Military Order for the Loyal Legion of the United States (MOLLUS)

Ripley, Edward H., "Final Scenes at the Capture and Occupation of Richmond, April 3, 1865." NY MOLLUS, Vol. III, 1907, pp. 472-502

  • Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society

Harwell, Richard Barksdale. "Brief Candle: The Confederate Theater." Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, 81 (1972), p. 41.

  • Religious Herald

Northam, G. H. "Woman's Sphere." Religious Herald, Richmond, 30 May 1861.

  • Richmond Dispatch

Atkinson, John Wilder, and others. "The Evacuation of Richmond, April 3, 1863, and the Disastrous Conflagration Incident Thereon." Letters to Richmond Dispatch, 24 November 1895.

Richmond Dispatch. "Burning of Richmond: Incidents of the City's Evacuation Described." April 25, 1897.

Tucker, Dallas. "The Fall of Richmond: Graphic Description of Events of Evacuation-Day" Richmond Dispatch, 3 February 1902.

  • Richmond Magazine

Fitzgerald, Mary Maury. "Captain Sally Tompkins, C.S.A." Richmond Magazine (May 1931), pp. 13-18.

Freeman, Douglas Southall. "The Confederate Tradition of Richmond." Richmond Magazine, June 1932, p. 42.

  • Richmond News Leader

Cook, Lelian M. "Girl Describes Evacuation: Kept Diary, While Living in Home of Dr. Hoge, of Fateful Days." Richmond News Leader, April 3, 1935.

Freeman, Douglas Southall. "When War Came to Richmond," Bicentennial Issue, Richmond News Leader, 8 September 1937.

  • Richmond Times-Dispatch

Michaux, Jacob. "Youth's Impressions of War Between States." Richmond Times-Dispatch, n.d. 1915.

  • The Scarab

Bowers, Russell V. "A Confederate General Hospital: Chimborazo Post (1862-1865)." The Scarab, Medical College of Virginia alumni magazine. November 1962.

  • South Atlantic Quarterly

Fitzgerald, Oscar Penn. "John M. Daniel and Some of His Contemporaries." South Atlantic Quarterly, Durham, vol. 4, 1905, pp. 13-17.

  • Southern Historical Society Papers

Alfriend, Edward M. "Social Life in Richmond during the War." SHSP 19 (1891), pp. 380-386

Anderson, Archer. "Robert Edward Lee: An Address" at the Monument to General Robert E. Lee, SHSP 17 (1889), pp. 322-323.

Averill, J. H. "Richmond, Virginia: The Evacuation of the City and the Days Preceding It." Reprint from Richmond Dispatch, 4 July 1897- SHSP 25 (1897), pp. 267-273.

Blake, Thomas Ballard. "Retreat from Richmond." Reprint from Richmond Dispatch, 2 May 1897- SHSP 25 (1897), pp. 139-145.

Bruce, H. W. "Some Reminiscences of the Second of April, 1865." SHSP 9 (1881), pp. 206-21 1.

Burrows, J. L. "Recollections of Libby Prison." SHSP 11 (1883), pp. 83-92.

Confederate Congress: First Congress, First Session, February 22, 1862: Inaugural Ceremonies. SHSP 44 (1928), pp. 37-41.

Confederate Congress: First Congress, Second Session, House, September 22,1862: The Rights of Citizens.  SHSP 46 (1928), pp. 208-209.

Confederate Congress: Second Congress, Second Session, Senate, March 7, 1865: The Negro Soldier Question. SHSP 52 (1959), pp. 452-457.

Crouch, Richard G. "The Dahlgren Raid." SHSP 34 (1906), pp. 178-190.

Cummins, Edmund H. "The Signal Corps in the Confederate States Army." SHSP 16 (1888), pp. 93-107.

Duke, R.T.W. "Burning of Richmond." SHSP 25 (1897), pp. 134-139.

Ellis, Thomas H. "The Richmond Home Guard of 186l." Letter to Colonel Joseph Dare, War Department. SHSP 19 (1890), p. 57.

Ewell, Richard S. "Evacuation of Richmond: Report of General R. S. Ewell." Letter from Ewell to Robert E. Lee, December 20, 1865. SHSP 13 (1885), p. 247.

Hill, G. Powell. "First Burial of General Hill's Remains." SHSP 31 (1891), pp. 183-186.

Howard, McHenry. "Closing Scenes of the War About Richmond." Reprint from New Orleans Picayune, October 4-11, 1903. SHSP 31 (1903), pp. 129-135.

Jones, J. William. "The Kilpatrick-Dahlgren Raid Against Richmond." SHSP 13 (1889), pp. 515-560.

Jones, Joseph. "The Medical History of the Confederate States Army and Navy." SHSP 20 (1892), pp. 109-166.

Kerr, Robert P. "A Memorial: Moses Drury Hoge, D. D., LL. D." SHSP 26 (1898), pp. 255-287.

Langdon, Loomis L. "First Federals to Enter Richmond," SHSP 30 (1902), pp. 308-309.

Lee, G. W. C. "Evacuation of Richmond: Report of General G. W. C. Lee, from the 2d to the 6th of April, 1865." SHSP 13 (1885), pp. 255-257.

McCrady, Edward, Jr. "Address at Reunion of Virginia Division, A. N. V. Association." SHSP 14 (1886), pp. 185-196.

Moore, S. P. "Resources of the C. S. Medical Dept. in February 1865." SHSP 2 (1876), pp. 125-128.

Shields, John C. "The Old Camp Lee." Reprint from Richmond Dispatch, 22 May 1898. SHSP 26 (1898), pp. 241- 246.

Southern Historical Society Papers. "War Time Story of Dahlgren's Raid." Reprint from Richmond Sentinel 3 March 1864. SHSP 37 (1909), pp. 198-202.

Southern Historical Society Papers. "The Richmond Ambulance Corps." SHSP 25 (1897), pp. 113-115.

Stevens, Fred. S. "The First Federal to Enter Richmond." Reprint from Richmond Dispatch, February 10, 1893. SHSP 30 (1902), pp. 152-153.

Stiles, Robert. "It Was Obedience Even Unto Death: Grave in Hollywood Recalls a Story of Devotion to Duty." Reprint from Richmond Times, October 29, 1899. SHSP 27 (1899), pp. 17-25.

Tucker, Dallas. "The Fall of Richmond." Reprint from Richmond Dispatch, 3 February 1902. SHSP 29.

Unknown. "The Death of Major-General J. E. B. Stuart." Includes reprint from Richmond Examiner. SHSP 7 (1879), pp. 107-110.

Venable, Charles S. "Letter from a Courier; Further Details on the death of General A.P. Hill." SHSP 12.

White, W.S. "Stray Leaves from a Soldier's Journal." SHSP 11 (1883), pp. 542-559.

  • Southern Literary Messenger

[Bagby, George W.] "A Well-Digested Plan for the Relief of Richmond," by "Jeff. McLory Northop" [pseudonym]. Southern Literary Messenger (Nov.-Dec. 1863), pp. 726-732.

[Bagby, George W.] "The Union: Its Benefits and Dangers." Southern Literary Messenger (Jan. 1861), pp. 1-4.

Butler, William Allen. "At Richmond." Southern Literary Messenger (Oct. 1859), pp. 309-311.

  • Tennessee Historic Quarterly

Clark, W. M. "A Confederate Officer Visits Richmond." Tennessee Historic Quarterly, 11 (1952), pp. 86-91. 

  • Tyler's

Cary, Harriette. "Diary of Miss Harriette Cary, Kept by Her from May 6, 1862, to July 24, 1862." Tyler's No. 9, pp. 104-115, and No. 12, pp. 161-173.  

  • UDC Magazine

Comer, Jane Wood. "Moses D. Hoge: A Minister for the Confederacy." UDC Magazine (Apr. 1990), pp. 32-34.

  • Unknown newspaper

[McCaw, James B.] "Of Chimborazo Park." Unknown newspaper clipping in the collections of The Museum of the Confederacy, Richmond, VA.

  • Virginia Cavalcade

Coleman, Elizabeth Dabney. "The Captain Was a Lady." Virginia Cavalcade, vol. 6 (summer 1956-spring 1957), pp. 35-41.

Edwards, William B. "One-Man Armory: Colonel J. H. Burton." Virginia Cavalcade, vol. 12, no. 2 (autumn 1962), pp. 28-33.

Freeman, Anne Hobson. "A Cool Head in a Warm Climate" (Joseph R. Anderson). Virginia Cavalcade, Vol. 12, No. 3, winter 1962-63.

Hassler, William W. "'Willie' Pegram, General Lee's Brilliant Young Virginia Artillerist." Virginia Cavalcade (autumn 1973), pp. 13-19.

Kimball, William J. "Richmond Begins the Work of War." Virginia Cavalcade (spring 1961), pp. 13-18.

Kimball, William J. "Richmond 1865: The Final Three Months." Virginia Cavalcade (summer 1969), pp. 38-47.

Kimball, William J. "War-Time Richmond." Virginia Cavalcade (spring 1962), pp. 33-40.

Sale, Marian Marsh. "Disaster at the Spottswood." Virginia Cavalcade, vol. 12, No. 2 (autumn 1962), pp. 13-20.

Scribner, Robert L. "Belle Isle." Virginia Cavalcade (winter 1955), pp. 8-13.

Scribner, Robert L. "Slave Gangs on the March." Virginia Cavalcade (autumn 1953), pp. 10-13.

Scribner, Robert L. "Submission, Coercion or Secession?" Virginia Cavalcade (autumn 1953), pp. 43-47.

Scribner, Robert L. "The Code Duello in Virginia." Virginia Cavalcade (autumn 1953), pp. 28-31.

  • Virginia Historical Magazine

Myers, Gustavus A. "Abraham Lincoln in Richmond." Virginia Historical Magazine 41 (Oct. 1933), pp. 318-322.

  • Virginia Magazine of History and Biography

Dean, Eric T, Jr. "'We Live Under a Government of Men and Morning Newspapers': Image, Expectation, and the Peninsula Campaign of 1862." VMHB 103 (Jan. 1995), pp. 5-28.

Fahrner, Alvin A. "William 'Extra Billy' Smith, Governor of Virginia 1864-1865." VMHB 74 (Jan. 1966), pp. 68-87.

Felt, Jeremy P. "Lucius B. Northrop and the Confederacy's Subsistence Department." VMHB 69 (Apr. 1961), pp. 181-195.

Fuller, Charles F., Jr. "Edwin and John Wilkes Booth: Actors at the Old Marshall Theater in Richmond." VMHB 79 (Oct. 197 1), pp. 477-483.

Johns, Frank S., and Anne Page Johns. "Chimborazo Hospital and J. B. McCaw, Surgeon-in-Chief" VMHB, 62, No. 2 (Apr.), 1954, pp. 190-200.

Johnson, Ludwell H. "Trading with the Union: The Evolution of Confederate Policy." VMHB 78, No. 3 (July 1970) pp. 308-325.

Johnston, Angus J., II. "Disloyalty on Confederate Railroads in Virginia." VMHB 63 (Nov. 1955), pp. 410-426.

Lee, Robert E. "Secession Is Nothing But Revolution: A Letter of R. E. Lee to His Son 'Rooney."' Robert E. Bachal, ed. VMHB 69 (Jan. 1961), pp. 3-6.

Paul, Alfred. "A French View of the Fall of Richmond: Alfred Paul's Report to Drouyn de Lhuys, April 11, 1865." Warren F. Spencer, ed. VMHB 73 (Apr. 1865), pp. 178-198.

Preisser, Thomas M. "The Virginia Decision to Use Negro Soldiers in the Civil War, 1864-1865." VMHB 83 (Jan. 1975), pp. 98-111.

Stuart, J. Meriwether. "Of Spies and Borrowed Names." VMHB 89 (Oct. 1981), pp. 308-327.

Stuart, Meriwether. "Colonel Ulric Dahlgren and Richmond's Union Underground, April 1864." VMHB 72 (Apr. 1964), pp. 152-204.

Stuart, Meriwether. "Dr. Lugo: An Austro-Venetian Adventurer in Union Espionage." VMHB 90 (July 1982), pp. 339-358.

Stuart, Meriwether. "Samuel Ruth and General R. E. Lee: Disloyalty and the Line of Supply to Fredericksburg, 1862-1863." VMHB 71 (Jan. 1963), pp. 75-109.

  • Virginia Medical Monthly

Hume, Edgar Erskine. "Chimborazo Hospital, Confederate States Army, America's Largest Military Hospital" Virginia Medical Monthly (July 1934), pp. 189-195.

  • Virginia Medical Semi-Monthly

Gildersleeve, John R. "History of Chimborazo Hospital, Richmond, Va., and Its Medical Officers During 1861-1865 " Virginia Medical Semi-Monthly, July 8, 1904, pp. 148-154.

  • William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine

Hughes, Robert M. "The Fighting Editor." Address before the Virginia Press Association, January 15, 1926. William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, Vol. VII, No. I (Jan. 1927), pp. 1-16.


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