O.R.--SERIES II--VOLUME VI [S# 119]
UNION AND CONFEDERATE CORRESPONDENCE, ORDERS, ETC., RELATING TO PRISONERS OF WAR
AND STATE FROM JUNE 11, 1863, TO MARCH 31, 1864.--#11
C. S. MILITARY PRISON HOSPITAL,
Brig. Gen. J. H. WINDER,
SIR: In obedience to your order I
have the honor to submit the following report of the sanitary condition of the
Libby Prison and hospital:
The buildings used for the above
purposes, situate at the corner of Cary and Twentieth streets, are admirably
adapted to the purposes for which they are now used.
The prevailing wind (south),
unobstructed by adjacent buildings, secures thorough ventilation.
The strict attention paid to
cleanliness has secured an entire exemption from typhus or jail fever, not a
single case having occurred since I have been in charge (January 20).
During the past quarter thirteen
cases of scurvy have been admitted into the hospital.
Of smallpox only five cases have
Contrary to my advice an assistant
surgeon of the Federal Army vaccinated a number of the officers with pus (not
lymph) taken from the arm of another assistant surgeon (also a prisoner),
producing a spurious form of vaccination from which a number are now suffering.
This virus had probably passed through a system affected with secondary
Typhoid fever is of rare
occurrence, but two cases having been admitted during the last month.
Dysentery and diarrhea have been
the prevailing diseases for the last three months. The cases have been mild in
character and have yielded readily to treatment.
The floors of the hospital are
scrubbed once daily; swept thrice and oftener if required.
Strict attention is paid to the
washing and ironing of clothing and ventilation of hospital.
Bathrooms and water-closets are
attached to each floor. <ar119_263>
The latter are on the outside of
the building and are kept scrupulously clean.
Medicines and instruments of the
finest quality are furnished by the medical purveyor of the C. S. Army.
Diet abundant and usually of good
quality; is well cooked and generally is in excess.
I purchase any delicacy for
special cases that may be required.
In my opinion fewer cases of
scurvy have occurred in this prison than would have occurred among the same
number of men subjected to the privations of camp life, and I believe the
disease could be entirely prevented by the issuing of one ration daily of fresh
Added to this report will be found
a report of the number of cases treated for the last three months, and list of
One hundred patients is rather
under the average of cases treated daily in prison quarters and on Belle Isle
whose names are not recorded and who do require hospital treatment.
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