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 :: 1861 Richmond Newspapers ::
1861 Newspapers in Richmond, VA during the Civil War.


Richmond Enquirer 1/1/1861; advertisement for a slave dealer underneath the St. Charles Hotel
Richmond Enquirer 1/4/1861; notice of improvements at Tredegar Iron Works
Richmond Enquirer 1/8/1861; Governor Letcher extols the virtues of VMI and its utility to the State
Richmond Enquirer 1/19/1861; opening notice of the Spotswood Hotel
New York Herald 1/21/1861; 1000 kegs of powder from Tredegar arrive at Charleston
Richmond Enquirer 2/8/1861; detailed account of Governor Letcher's inspection visit to the Armory and Tredegar
Richmond Dispatch 3/11/1861; partnership of Libby and Burton is dissolved – Libby and Son to take its’ place at 20th and Cary.
Richmond Enquirer 3/23/1861; ad for commission merchants Bacon & Baskervill (future GH#7)
Richmond Enquirer 3/28/1861; ad for the summer schedule of classes at the Medical College - McCaw and Gibson are listed as professors; students will have access to patients at Bellevue Hospital and Alms House free of charge
Richmond Dispatch 4/1/1861; Spotswood Hotel has been opened
Richmond Dispatch 4/8/1861; Franklin & Co has received a large collection of stereo views and viewers
Richmond Dispatch 4/15/1861; Dr. Charles Bell Gibson (future surgeon of GH#1) has been appointed Surgeon General of Virginia forces
Richmond Dispatch 4/15/1861; Catesby Jones and Capt. Pegram are at the Exchange Hotel; M. F. Maury and R. M. T. Hunter are at the Spotswood
Richmond Dispatch 4/15/1861; Virginia Rifles are stationed at the "old U. S. Hotel" (later GH#10)
Richmond Dispatch 4/15/1861; Mechanics' Institute was "splendidly illuminated" last night
Richmond Dispatch 4/15/1861; account of the response in Richmond to the fall of Fort Sumter; extensive celebration and flag-raising at the Tredegar Iron Works
Richmond Enquirer 4/15/1861; excellent description of the reaction in Richmond to the news of the fall of Ft. Sumter - description of parade to Tredegar Iron Works and Capitol Square - notes disappointed reaction to Letcher's remarks, and the raising and subsequent lowering of the Confederate flag on the Capitol roof
Richmond Dispatch 4/16/1861; Ad (including rates) for Bellevue Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 4/16/1861; Ad (including rates) for Main Street Hospital for slaves
Richmond Dispatch 4/17/1861; slave of Elizabeth Van Lew has been arrested for having a pass out of date
Richmond Dispatch 4/20/1861; Richmond Howitzers have moved into their new quarters under the Spotswood Hotel
Richmond Dispatch 4/22/1861; account of the excitement caused by the erroneous rumor that a Federal gunboat was ascending the James River. 
Richmond Dispatch 4/23/1861; description of the arrival of Col. Robert E. Lee into Richmond and speech from the Spotswood Hotel
Richmond Dispatch 4/23/1861; Alexander Stephens has arrived in Richmond to discuss the entry of Virginia into the Confederacy; he is staying at the Exchange Hotel
Richmond Dispatch 4/23/1861; train has left the Fredericksburg depot to convey the VMI cadets to Richmond
Richmond Dispatch 4/23/1861; construction on the city railway continues
Richmond Dispatch 4/23/1861; Franklin Stearns, a wealthy Unionist, donates $500 to Varina Troop
Richmond Dispatch 4/24/1861; VMI cadets have arrived in Richmond and are quartered at the Fair Grounds (Camp Lee) and parade for the Governor on Capitol Square
Richmond Dispatch 4/24/1861; ladies of Church and Union Hills will meet today at Springfield Hall (future GH#26) to make bandages
Richmond Dispatch 4/24/1861; half dozen companies are encamped at the Fair Grounds - more expected today
Richmond Dispatch 4/24/1861; old U. S. Customs House is now being used as a stopping place for troops
Richmond Dispatch 4/24/1861; F. H. Smith, Judge Allen, and M. F. Maury are appointed military advisors for the Governor
Richmond Dispatch 4/24/1861; Co. K, 1st Virginia Inf., is headquartered in the old U. S. Hotel (later GH#10)
Richmond Dispatch 4/24/1861; all companies arriving in Richmond will immediately proceed to the Hermitage Fair Grounds (Camp Lee)
Richmond Dispatch 4/24/1861; exempted citizens of Henrico will meet at Howard's Grove to provide for city defense
Richmond Dispatch 4/26/1861; VMI cadets are drilling recruits at the Fair Grounds (Camp Lee)
Richmond Dispatch 4/26/1861; Tredegar Iron Works Battalion elects officers
Richmond Dispatch 4/26/1861; want ad for a drummer for the 1st South Carolina, stationed at the "New Poor House Building" (future GH#1)
Richmond Dispatch 4/26/1861; Ad for Vannerson's Photographic Gallery
Richmond Dispatch 4/27/1861; order to connect the railroads in Richmond and Petersburg
Richmond Enquirer 4/27/1861; list of troops at the new fair grounds (Camp Lee); Col. Gilham is in command, and VMI cadets present
Richmond Enquirer 4/27/1861; all VMI graduates and ex-cadets can find employment at the Camp of Instruction (Camp Lee)
Richmond Enquirer 4/27/1861; all volunteer companies will proceed at once to the Hermitage Fair Grounds (Camp Lee)
Richmond Whig 4/27/1861; p. 3, Tredegar Iron Works Battalion elects officers
Richmond Dispatch 4/30/1861; provisions needed at Camp Lee hospital
Richmond Dispatch 5/2/1861; the city railroad has been advanced as far as the American hotel and is progressing nicely
Richmond Dispatch 5/2/1861; plans are being made to connect the RF&P and Richmond & Petersburg RRs through Richmond, and well as connections through Petersburg
Richmond Dispatch 5/3/1861; St. Francis de Sales Hospital is ready to accept patients
Richmond Enquirer 5/3/1861; list of southern cadets who have left West Point, as well as those who refused to take the oath and resigned. Pelham and T. P. Turner are amongst the number
Richmond Enquirer 5/3/1861; prospective VMI cadets can apply to the acting superintendent in Richmond - notes that the academic schedule has been suspended, and cadets thus admitted will be trained free of charge until the corps returns to Lexington
Richmond Dispatch 5/4/1861; Rev. Francis Boggs, the Chaplain at Camp Lee, has been elected Captain in the 1st VA Inf.
Richmond Dispatch 5/4/1861; Richmond Home Guard meets nightly near Springfield Hall (later GH#26) to drill
Richmond Dispatch 5/8/1861; Ad for Ree's photographic gallery
Richmond Dispatch 5/8/1861; recruiting rendezvous for Navy is at the warehouse of Libby & Son
Richmond Dispatch 5/9/1861; fire burns down building adjacent to Libby & Son's ship chandlery (later Libby Prison), which is saved by great exertions by firemen
Richmond Dispatch 5/10/1861; attempt to burn down Libby & Son's warehouse (later Libby Prison)
Richmond Dispatch 5/10/1861; Capt. J.E.B. Stuart has arrived in Richmond after resigning his commission
Richmond Dispatch 5/10/1861; Sailors are being recruited at the "Naval Rendezvous" which is in Libby & Son's warehouse (later Libby Prison)
Richmond Dispatch 5/10/1861; J. B. McCaw (later Surgeon in Charge at Chimborazo Hospital) amongst others is raising a company of mounted rifles
Richmond Dispatch 5/10/1861; advertisement for Rees' photographic gallery
Richmond Dispatch 5/10/1861; volunteer company is being raised at Springfield Hall (later General Hospital #26)
Richmond Dispatch 5/11/1861; editorial concerning the removal of the Confederate Capital to Richmond; very positive
Richmond Dispatch 5/11/1861; editorial on which song should be the new Confederate National Anthem; very negative towards "Dixie"
Richmond Dispatch 5/11/1861; building adjacent to Libby & Son's warehouse is still burning
Richmond Dispatch 5/15/1861; Howard's Grove use and description
Richmond Enquirer 5/15/1861; destructive fire at 20th and Cary streets; Libby & Son building narrowly escapes
Richmond Dispatch 5/16/1861; Richmond Howitzers have moved from Howard's Grove to Chimborazo Hill
Richmond Dispatch 5/18/1861; Hampden Artillery is stationed at the Baptist College (Richmond College, future Louisiana Hospital)
Richmond Dispatch 5/18/1861; Louisiana volunteers, stationed at Howard's Grove, are having difficulties with their laundresses
Richmond Dispatch 5/20/1861; two attempts to destroy the Tredegar Iron Works by fire
Richmond Dispatch 5/20/1861; area near the old United States Hotel (later GH#10) is the scene of bloody fights and drunken revelry
Richmond Dispatch 5/21/1861; 1st North Carolina regiment has arrived in Richmond, and is camped at Howard's Grove
Richmond Dispatch 5/21/1861; religious services are held at Camp Lee, administered by Dr. Hoge and Dr. Duncan
Richmond Dispatch 5/21/1861; description of the offices in the Customs House, and who occupies them
Richmond Dispatch 5/21/1861; 1st Tennessee Regiment is camped southeast of Howard's Grove, near the "Black Pond"
Richmond Dispatch 5/21/1861; C. S. Quartermaster warehouses are on Pearl Street (now 14th)
Richmond Dispatch 5/22/1861; incorrect threat of fire to the Tredegar Iron Works
Richmond Whig 5/22/1861; Camp of Instruction (Camp Lee) described. VMI cadets praised.
Richmond Whig 5/22/1861, p. 3; Richmond Howitzers camped on Chimborazo hill, with new military road "leading from the plateau," along the declivity, to the encampment at Rocketts. Artillery posted atop the hill.
Richmond Whig 5/23/1861, p. 3; Howard's Grove described in pre-hospital days.
Richmond Dispatch 5/25/1861; house burns down "opposite Hardgrove's factory"
Richmond Dispatch 5/27/1861; 2nd North Carolina regiment has been camped at Howard's Grove
Richmond Enquirer 5/28/1861; "Practical Hints for Volunteers - Military Surgery and Treatment of the Wounded"
Richmond Dispatch 5/29/1861; ladies of the Monumental Church are doing work for the soldiers in the Mechanics' Institute
Richmond Dispatch 5/29/1861; Richmond Home Artillery will meet tonight at the Mechanics' Institute
Richmond Dispatch 5/29/1861; State authorities are building a new stables at the corner of Broad and 11th
Richmond Dispatch 5/30/1861; great description of the arrival of President Jefferson Davis in Richmond and the celebration in the city as he is escorted to Spotswood Hotel; later he reviewed the troops at Camp Lee
Richmond Enquirer 5/31/1861; notes on the present state of affairs at VMI, and advertises for new cadets - gives a table of tuition and fees
Richmond Dispatch 6/1/1861; Drill room of Co. G has been converted into a hospital, 50 patients there now, mostly from Tennessee
Richmond Dispatch 6/1/1861; Description of the arrival of Gen. Beauregard at the Spotswood Hotel
Richmond Dispatch 6/1/1861; appeal for more workers on the city defenses
Richmond Dispatch 6/3/1861; Customs house is being readied for its occupancy by the Confederate Government
Richmond Dispatch 6/5/1861; Washington Artillery of New Orleans has arrived in Richmond and is camping at Howard's Grove
Richmond Dispatch 6/5/1861; Vicksburg Southrons arrive and parade in Capitol Square; they are then quartered at the Columbian Hotel
Richmond Dispatch 6/5/1861; Negroes are doing good work on the fortifications at Marion Hill (Battery #2)
Richmond Dispatch 6/7/1861; description of the explosion at the house of a chemist who was mixing fulminating powder; injured parties are at St. Francis de Sales Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 6/7/1861; Confederate Patent Office has been established at Goddin's Hall
Richmond Dispatch 6/7/1861; city laborers are at work on the defenses at Marion Hill (Battery #2)
Richmond Dispatch 6/10/1861; women who want to be nurses should apply to Mrs. A. F. Hopkins
Richmond Dispatch 6/10/1861; Mechanics' Institute is being cleared out; the War Department and Patent Office will soon have their offices here
Richmond Dispatch 6/10/1861; Dr. Bolton of Bellevue Hospital thanks the ladies of Church Hill for their help with the sick soldiers
Richmond Dispatch 6/10/1861; Tredegar Iron Works needs timber to build large building (probably the new gun foundry)
Richmond Dispatch 6/10/1861; Tredegar Iron Works needs carriage wheels
Richmond Dispatch 6/10/1861; Tredegar Iron Works needs Wheelwrights and Blacksmiths
Richmond Dispatch 6/12/1861; ladies of Church and Union Hills are nursing sick soldiers at Co. G Hall (later GH#27) and Springfield Hall (later GH#26)
Richmond Dispatch 6/13/1861; four prisoners of war arrive in Richmond
Richmond Dispatch 6/13/1861; man brought in to Mayor's court for allegedly keeping his bar open past ten o'clock
Richmond Enquirer 6/13/1861; "The Encampments," mentions Howard's Grove and the troops stationed there.
Richmond Dispatch 6/15/1861; a member of the New Orleans Zouaves gets married at the St. Charles Hotel (later GH#8)
Richmond Enquirer 6/15/1861; Prisoners captured at Big Bethel are quartered at the Customs House - Richmonders flock to see the captured Yankees
Richmond Enquirer 6/18/1861; Classified notice that Surgeon A. Y. P. Garnett (surgeon at Robertson Hosp.) has come to Richmond.
Richmond Enquirer 6/19/1861; Notes that the St. Francis de Sales Hospital has been recently established, and is treating Confederate soldiers - laudatory of the Catholic Church
Richmond Dispatch 6/20/1861; New Orleans Washington Artillery serenades President Davis at the Spotswood Hotel
Richmond Dispatch 6/20/1861; row of houses behind the Exchange Hotel are occupied by parties of a "dubious and uncertain character"
Richmond Dispatch 6/22/1861; City officials are fitting up the Brockenbrough mansion for occupancy by President Davis
Richmond Dispatch 6/22/1861; the Henry Clay statue on Capitol Square has become discolored by excessive handling
Richmond Dispatch 6/25/1861; Prisoner of war and a civilian spy are brought to Richmond and confined in "the large white building on the hill leading to Hollywood Cemetery" [probably VA Penitentiary]
Richmond Dispatch 6/25/1861; names of U. S. prisoners of war now confined in Richmond
Richmond Dispatch 6/25/1861; New Orleans Washington Artillery leaves Richmond for Manassas
Richmond Dispatch 6/25/1861; prisoners arrive in Richmond; the factory of Geo. Harwood (later GH#24) is being fitted up as a prison depot
Richmond Dispatch 6/25/1861; slave of J. B. Royster is arrested and punished for masquerading as a soldier
Richmond Dispatch 6/25/1861; Col. Gilham of VMI, currently commandant of Camp of Instruction, is raising an infantry regiment
Richmond Examiner 6/26/1861; cholera victim at Camp Lee buried at Shockoe Cemetery
Richmond Dispatch 6/27/1861; advertisement that the warehouse of L. Libby & Son is available for storage - says it could store 20,000 bushels of wheat or corn
Richmond Dispatch 6/27/1861; commencement exercises for the Richmond Female Institute will be held tomorrow
Richmond Dispatch 6/28/1861; editorial commending the efforts of Mrs. Judge Hopkins and other ladies providing nursing care 
Richmond Dispatch 6/29/1861; men of Church and Union Hills will meet tonight at Company "G" Hall for the purposes of organizing for home defense
Richmond Dispatch 7/1/1861; Good description of Mason's Hall Hospital (GH#26)
Richmond Dispatch 7/1/1861; description of the commencement exercises at the Richmond Female Institute (future GH#4)
Richmond Dispatch 7/1/1861; company of Texas Rangers are camped at Howard's Grove
Richmond Dispatch 7/1/1861; member of the Tredegar Battalion is wounded by a bursting gun
Richmond Dispatch 7/1/1861; flowery description of Hollywood Cemetery; should be "ornament of the city."
Richmond Dispatch 7/1/1861; horse strays from the camp of The Washington Artillery, camped "near Howard's Grove"
Richmond Dispatch 7/1/1861; ad for Rees' photographic gallery
Richmond Dispatch 7/1/1861; two POWs arrive and are taken to the prison depot (Ligon's prison)
Richmond Dispatch 7/1/1861; Edmund Ruffin and others are staying at the Exchange Hotel
Richmond Dispatch 7/2/1861; description of "Mason's Hall," (GH#26) notes that it was opened 4 weeks ago for Tennesseans. Notes that more Tennesseans are at Company G Hall and Temperance Hall. 
Richmond Dispatch 7/2/1861; prison depot is located two blocks from the Henrico Court House, and contains 75-100 prisoners
Richmond Dispatch 7/2/1861; Ellis' Battalion is meeting at Temperance Hall (future GH#26) on Church Hill
Richmond Dispatch 7/2/1861; description of fire at the Virginia State Penitentiary
Richmond Dispatch 7/2/1861; 5th North Carolina Regiment arrives in Richmond and camps near the York River RR depot
Richmond Dispatch 7/2/1861; more on the wounding of a member of the Tredegar Battalion by a bursting gun
Richmond Enquirer 7/2/1861; Harwood's Factory has been fitted up for a prison.
Richmond Enquirer 7/2/1861; brief notice of a fire at the Virginia Penitentiary
Richmond Whig 7/2/1861; Letter from the Richmond Zouaves at Camp Lee
Richmond Whig 7/2/1861; laborers needed for the Richmond defenses
Richmond Whig 7/2/1861; fire at the State Penitentiary
Richmond Dispatch 7/3/1861; description of the role of the Garde Lafayette in putting out the fire at the Penitentiary
Richmond Dispatch 7/3/1861; Maryland Volunteers will be presented with a new flag at Camp Lee; mentions J. H. Winder presiding over the ceremonies
Richmond Dispatch 7/3/1861; Dr. Ryland, of Richmond College (future Louisiana Hospital), is publishing and working on behalf of the volunteers in the city
Richmond Dispatch 7/3/1861; Henrico Liberty Guard will meet at Company G hall
Richmond Dispatch 7/3/1861; Wood Turners and Pattern Makers are needed at the Tredegar Iron Works
Richmond Dispatch 7/3/1861; Artillery Drivers needed for the Washington Artillery at "Camp Beauregard, near Howard's Grove"
Richmond Enquirer 7/3/1861; damage at the Penitentiary due to fire is estimated at $50,000
Richmond Dispatch 7/4/1861; statistics of tobacco warehouses in Richmond, including Seabrook's (future GH#9)
Richmond Dispatch 7/4/1861; damage from fire at Penitentiary less than feared
Richmond Dispatch 7/4/1861; lengthy (and graphic) account of an explosion near Thomas' Factory and the State Armory which killed local chemist Joseph Laidley
Richmond Whig 7/4/1861; fatal explosion at the Armory
Richmond Whig 7/4/1861; lamentation regarding the use of the new city railroad
Richmond Dispatch 7/5/1861; Public guard makes its annual 4th of July parade on Capitol Square
Richmond Dispatch 7/5/1861; Tredegar Battalion (numbering 360) parades through the streets
Richmond Dispatch 7/5/1861; Thomas Artillery stationed at "Camp Chimborazo," fired July 4 salute.
Richmond Dispatch 7/5/1861; George Watt finds a little negro girl "near the new fair grounds"
Richmond Whig 7/5/1861; Thomas Artillery stationed at "Camp Chimborazo," fired July 4 salute.
Richmond Dispatch 7/6/1861; description of target practice by the Tredegar Battalion after their parade
Richmond Dispatch 7/6/1861; Gov. Letcher appoints VMI officers to the Provisional Army of Virginia
Richmond Dispatch 7/6/1861; officers for the Maryland Zouaves are elected; G. W. Alexander is 1st Lieutenant (later Castle Thunder commandant)
Richmond Dispatch 7/6/1861; City Railroad is not running because of lack of cars
Richmond Enquirer 7/6/1861; description of the celebration of the 4th of July in Richmond - Tredegar Battalion parades on Capitol Square, along with the Thomas Artillery, Public Guard, and Washington Artillery
Richmond Enquirer 7/6/1861; Maryland volunteers receive a flag from President Davis at Camp Lee
Charleston Mercury 7/8/1861; war news - describes that Fourth of July parade of the Tredegar Battalion as well as notes on the political situation
Richmond Dispatch 7/8/1861; word of caution about conditions at the cartridge making facility at Thomas's Factory
Richmond Dispatch 7/8/1861; damage at Penitentiary is less than earlier supposed
Richmond Dispatch 7/8/1861; West & Johnston's has published 10,000 copies of Gilham's manual
Richmond Dispatch 7/8/1861; Washington Artillery has left Richmond
Richmond Whig 7/9/1861; description of the "cartridge factory", later the C. S. Arsenal, and cautions regarding safety
Richmond Whig 7/9/1861; boys near Jackson and 5th streets are engaging in being "evil disposed boys"
Richmond Dispatch 7/10/1861; J. B. McCaw is "Consulting Physician" for the Virginia Life Insurance Company
Richmond Dispatch 7/10/1861; military school has been set up at UVA - commanded by VMI graduate
Richmond Dispatch 7/10/1861; notes on one of the speeches at the commencement at the Richmond Female Institute
Richmond Dispatch 7/10/1861; ad from Co. A,  Tredegar Battalion expressing thanks to various persons
Richmond Dispatch 7/10/1861; report of a collision on the Virginia Central and R. F. & P. RRs
Richmond Dispatch 7/10/1861; Dr. Hoge, chaplain at Camp Lee, has set up collection place for donations next to the R. F. & P. depot
Richmond Enquirer 7/11/1861; Cannon made at Bellona Arsenal, and lying on the basin bank, have been spiked by some "Yankee spy"
Richmond Whig 7/11/1861; soldiers have been buried in an open field near the Alms House - advocates using Oakwood Cemetery for soldier interments
Richmond Whig 7/11/1861; percussion caps will be manufactured at Brown's Island
Richmond Dispatch 7/12/1861; huge flagpole will be raised above the Custom House
Richmond Dispatch 7/12/1861; 18th street, between Grace and Franklin, is being paved with granite
Richmond Dispatch 7/13/1861; description of cartridge making in Thomas' factory, and refutation of the claim that care is not taken there
Richmond Dispatch 7/15/1861; brief description of "the hospital on 26th street;" probably Ross' factory
Richmond Dispatch 7/15/1861; description of the wild reaction in Richmond when "live Yankees" pass through the town
Richmond Dispatch 7/16/1861; the Bloody Run Guard will meet at Company G hall
Richmond Dispatch 7/16/1861; 15 recruits needed for the Hampden Artillery at Camp Chimborazo
Richmond Dispatch 7/16/1861; POWs from Yorktown arrive, and are taken to the prison depot; some are from the "scum of Baltimore," and one a spy
Richmond Enquirer 7/16/1861; Soldier from camp at Howard's Grove drowned in the James.
Richmond Dispatch 7/17/1861; Hotel arrivals; Dr. Thom and Thomas Clingman are at the Spotswood
Richmond Dispatch 7/17/1861; 5th North Carolina arrives in Richmond and goes into camp near Howard's Grove
Richmond Dispatch 7/18/1861; some prisoners removed from the Prison depot to parts unknown
Richmond Dispatch 7/18/1861; notes that negro workers on the fortifications seem to happy to be aiding "their native state"
Richmond Dispatch 7/18/1861; Henrico Liberty Guard will attend meetings at Company G Hall
Richmond Dispatch 7/19/1861; description of funeral of Micajah Bates in Hollywood Cemetery
Richmond Dispatch 7/19/1861; two cows strayed from George Watt
Richmond Dispatch 7/20/1861; brief description of the "Temperance Hall Hospital"; probably Springfield Hall
Richmond Dispatch 7/20/1861; belief expressed that there will be a large number of prisoners arriving soon; 21 brought in yesterday
Richmond Dispatch 7/20/1861; belief expressed that John H. Winder will be appointed commander of the 6th South Carolina Regiment
Richmond Dispatch 7/20/1861; Sergeant from the Richmond Zouaves returns to Richmond to fill up their ranks. They are commanded by a graduate of VMI
Richmond Dispatch 7/22/1861; wounded Kentuckian is taken to the hospital at the "new Alms House" (future GH#1)
Richmond Dispatch 7/22/1861; 56 prisoners arrived yesterday and were taken to the prison depot on Main street
Richmond Whig 7/22/1861; 370 women and girls are employed making cartridges
Richmond Dispatch 7/23/1861; 4th company of Richmond Howitzers, camped at the New Fair Grounds, need 30 men to bring them up to full strength
Richmond Dispatch 7/23/1861; Captain of the Washington Artillery is wounded and in Richmond in a private home; many members of the Montgomery guard are in the Medical College hospital
Richmond Dispatch 7/23/1861; report of the city committee to deal with wounded from the Battle of First Manassas. Drs. McCaw and Hancock (amongst others) are to go to Manassas, while Luther Libby and George S. Palmer (amongst others) are on a committee to procure accommodations.
Richmond Dispatch 7/24/1861; description of the arrival of the bodies of Generals Bartow and Bee in Richmond and conveyance to the Capitol to lie in state
Richmond Dispatch 7/24/1861; anxiety in Richmond over the slain at First Manassas; huge crowds assemble at the Central depot, where "Gen." Davis (the President) arrives and addresses the crowd
Richmond Dispatch 7/24/1861; 631 prisoners arrive from Manassas and are taken to the prison depot - six hundred more are expected soon
Richmond Dispatch 7/24/1861; "Gen." (President) Davis gives an inspirational speech from the Spotswood Hotel
Richmond Dispatch 7/24/1861; Dr. George R. C. Todd, the brother-in-law of Abraham Lincoln, was acquitted of disloyalty
Richmond Dispatch 7/24/1861; Runaway slave from the Tredegar Iron Works
Richmond Whig 7/24/1861; citizen's committee designates St. Charles hotel for use as a hospital
Richmond Whig 7/24/1861; escape attempt at the State Penitentiary
Richmond Dispatch 7/25/1861; trains arrive from Manassas bearing wounded, who are taken to private homes for treatment; 500-600 POWs are set to arrive; the prison depot is already full; notes that General Corcoran arrived in Richmond two days ago
Richmond Dispatch 7/25/1861; many sick and wounded are arriving in Richmond and put in private homes for treatment - notes that they suffer "like heroes"; Committee for their reception is constantly at work
Richmond Dispatch 7/25/1861; wounded POWs of Ellsworth's Zouaves are taken to the Alms House for treatment - expresses belief that these men are a very "hard set," and "villains of a low degree," and don't deserve any kindness
Richmond Dispatch 7/25/1861; bodies of Bartow, Bee, and Johnston were escorted from the Capitol to the Petersburg depot for transportation South
Richmond Whig 7/25/1861; wounded soldiers and Yankee prisoners are arriving in Richmond
Richmond Dispatch 7/26/1861; 17 Union surgeons are POWs; one is the son of a big New York tobacco merchant and is in Howard's factory
Richmond Whig 7/26/1861; "Prison depot," at corner of Main and 25th street is being visited by curious Richmonders
Richmond Whig 7/26/1861; new private hospital in schoolhouse at corner of 10th and Clay streets.
Richmond Whig 7/26/1861; soldier is attacked by another soldier and dies at the Alms House
Richmond Dispatch 7/27/1861; brief description of the hospital at Mason Hall Church; also description of the "Springfield Temperance" hospital (future GH#26), in the same neighborhood; notes they are both filling up
Richmond Dispatch 7/27/1861; ten wounded soldiers taken to the alms house hospital
Richmond Dispatch 7/27/1861; G. D. Harwood's (future GH#22) warehouse is currently being used as a prison
Richmond Examiner 7/27/1861; slave of Wm. Greanor was arrested for throwing a rock
Richmond Whig 7/27/1861; list of wounded from First Manassas at the various private locations around the city. Many in St. Charles Hotel and Springfield Hall
Richmond Dispatch 7/29/1861; letter describing poor medical treatment at Camp Lee, and praise of the treatment provided by the Richmond ladies
Richmond Enquirer 7/29/1861; servants needed at the St. Charles Hotel, being used as a hospital, with 160 patients there now
Richmond Enquirer 7/29/1861; notice from Tredegar that all orders will be paid in cash
Richmond Examiner 7/29/1861; condemnation of two ladies, living on Church Hill, who are attending the Yankee wounded [Elizabeth Van Lew and her mother]
Richmond Enquirer 7/30/1861; List of wounded soldiers and where sent; mostly private houses - no organized hospitals yet.
Richmond Enquirer 7/30/1861; City Alms House Hospital (Gen. Hos. #1) described. Used as a prison at this time.
Richmond Whig 7/30/1861; additional list of wounded from First Manassas at the various private locations around the city. Many in St. Charles Hotel and Springfield Hall
Richmond Dispatch 7/31/1861; 78 wounded POWs brought to Richmond, including a Richmonder in exile
Richmond Dispatch 7/31/1861; two deaths (at Mason's Hall and Bellevue respectively) and burial at Hollywood cemetery
Richmond Dispatch 7/31/1861; Henrico Liberty Guard is organizing at Company G Hall
Richmond Dispatch 7/31/1861; applications for clothing for wounded or sick soldiers can be made at St. Charles Hospital (future GH#8)
Richmond Dispatch 7/31/1861; lists of patients in the city are at the Intelligence Office at the St. Charles Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 7/31/1861; Dr. F. W. Hancock has returned from Manassas, with reports on their needs; the Committee is still working to provide for the wounded
Richmond Enquirer 7/31/1961; List of sick and wounded men in Richmond can be found at the St. Charles Hospital
Richmond Examiner 7/31/1861; account of a shooting incident at Harwood's prison (future GH#24)
Richmond Whig 7/31/1861; wounded Yankees complain about the General Hospital (GH#1)
Richmond Whig 7/31/1861; prisoner shot at for talking out the windows of his prison
Richmond Whig 7/31/1861; list of wounded soldiers in private houses can be seen at the St. Charles Hotel (GH#8)
Richmond Dispatch 8/1/1861; funeral of a Mississippian will take place at St. Charles Hospital (future GH#8)
Richmond Dispatch 8/1/1861; two POWs arrive - one a spy
Richmond Dispatch 8/1/1861; families who have sick and wounded soldiers in their homes are requested to call their family physicians or report to "hospital on 26th, near Main" (probably Ross' factory)
Richmond Dispatch 8/1/1861; report of a body left on the platform at the Virginia Central depot
Richmond Dispatch 8/1/1861; reflection on the religious nature of the Civil War - declares that the war is a religious war
Richmond Whig 8/1/1861; details on private hospitals in school-houses on Clay street
Richmond Dispatch 8/2/1861; majority of wounded POWs are at the alms house; hospital established for prisoners at Ross' Factory
Richmond Dispatch 8/2/1861; statistics of city tobacco warehouses, including Seabrook's, showing a marked decline from the same time a year before
Richmond Dispatch 8/2/1861; soldiers encamped near Hollywood Cemetery are requested not to fire their weapons into the cemetery, after funeral attendee is struck by a spent bullet
Richmond Dispatch 8/2/1861; 70 wounded POWs brought to Richmond
Richmond Dispatch 8/2/1861; 15 negro men wanted to work in the Alms House Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 8/2/1861; rumor of body on the platform at the Virginia Central depot is false
Richmond Enquirer 8/2/1861; 200 white girls needed to work at the C. S. Laboratory making cartidges
Richmond Dispatch 8/3/1861; the number of wounded POWs is now near 500 and more arriving; medicines will be needed
Richmond Dispatch 8/3/1861; Cook, Servants, and Cleaning Women needed at the St. Charles Hospital.
Richmond Dispatch 8/3/1861; 3 Chambermaids and a Porter are needed at the Spotswood Hotel
Richmond Dispatch 8/3/1861; Jas. H. Burton, Supt. C. S. Armory, taking bids for stone.
Richmond Dispatch 8/3/1861; appointment of new superintendent of the Richmond and York River RR
Richmond Dispatch 8/3/1861; great description of train accident on the Central Railroad, near Hanover Junction
Richmond Whig 8/3/1861; description of hospital facilities in Richmond (St. Charles Hotel, Masons’ Hall)
Richmond Whig 8/3/1861; "The Life Guard," and "Capt. Bayly's company" are at Camp Lee
Richmond Whig 8/3/1861; President Davis ad family have moved into their home at 12th and Clay streets
Richmond Dispatch 8/4/1861; more details on the Hanover Junction train wreck
Richmond Dispatch 8/5/1861; 74 new Yankee POWs arrive - housed at prison in Jefferson Ward
Richmond Enquirer 8/5/1861; ladies of St. James Church have established a hospital at the corner of Main and 3rd (probably Robertson Hospital)
Richmond Whig 8/5/1861; description of the "prison depot," particularly Harwood's factory, and recommendations for treatment of prisoners
Richmond Dispatch 8/6/1861; Medical College Hospital needs servant & washerwoman
Richmond Dispatch 8/6/1861; Henrico Liberty Guard to meet at Company G Hall
Richmond Dispatch 8/6/1861; Geo. Watt & Co. selling bowie knives & Artillery swords
Richmond Dispatch 8/6/1861; 17 Yankee POWs have died in Richmond so far
Richmond Dispatch 8/6/1861; soldier from the 20th VA died at the St. Charles Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 8/6/1861; funeral of soldier from St. Charles Hospital
Richmond Whig 8/6/1861; ladies of St. James Episcopal Church have obtained Judge Robertson's house, corner of 3rd and Main, for use as a hospital (later Robertson Hospital)
Richmond Dispatch 8/7/1861; Court Martial at Hermitage Fair Grounds. Col. Wigfall to be President
Richmond Dispatch 8/7/1861; ad for tobacco from Turpin & Yarbrough's factory
Richmond Dispatch 8/8/1861; St. Charles Hosp. (GH#8) has 160 patients
Richmond Dispatch 8/8/1861; nearly 300 Yankee POWs at Alms House; mentions Col. Wilcox and Capt. Ricketts being there
Richmond Dispatch 8/8/1861; Mrs. Judge Hopkins' hospital, 5th bw Clay & Leigh, remarkably neat, etc
Richmond Dispatch 8/8/1861; description of an officers' suicide at the Ballard House
Richmond Dispatch 8/8/1861; 109 prisoners in the city jail
Richmond Whig 8/8/1861; General Hospital #1 described
Richmond Dispatch 8/9/1861; notes on high POW mortality
Richmond Dispatch 8/9/1861; 11 Yankee POWs arrive
Richmond Whig 8/9/1861; St. Charles Hospital (GH#8) has been spreading sawdust on the road to keep it quiet
Richmond Whig 8/9/1861; appeal for Congress to establish a "National Hospital" in the mountains
Richmond Dispatch 8/10/1861; sawdust sprinkled on Wall st. to deaden noise near St. Charles Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 8/10/1861; Dr. E. S. Gaillard awarded $100 for dissertation on ozone
Richmond Enquirer 8/10/1861; Railroad up 8th street, connecting RF&P & Petersburg Railroad is nearly complete
Richmond Whig 8/10/1861; appeal for the Alms House to be occupied by Confederate wounded, and the Yankees moved out. Praises the hospital as a "large and airy building"
Richmond Dispatch 8/12/1861; three deaths at Bellevue Hospital and burials in Hollywood Cemetery
Richmond Dispatch 8/12/1861; Ad for Singer's Barrel factory, Cary bw 18th & 19th
Richmond Dispatch 8/12/1861; 3 negro nurses needed for Medical College Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 8/12/1861; letter from POW of 69th NY, at Alms House Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 8/13/1861; St. Charles Hospital "greatly in need of nurses"
Richmond Dispatch 8/13/1861; St. Charles & Wall St. Hospitals contain more than 460 patients
Richmond Enquirer 8/13/1861; member of 2nd SC died at St. Charles Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 8/14/1861; Mrs. Jefferson Davis applies for carriage driver & dining room waiter
Richmond Whig 8/14/1861; recommendation that negroes be employed as hospital assistants and that Yankees be moved out of the Alms House
Richmond Dispatch 8/15/1861; hospital at Gilliam's Factory (General Hospital #3) needs supplies
Richmond Dispatch 8/15/1861; Yankee POW escapes from Harwood's Factory, but recaptured - details on capture by Henrico minister
Richmond Dispatch 8/15/1861; note from Mrs. Judge Hopkins, thanking donors to Alabama Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 8/15/1861; Armory is taking bids for building a brick wall
Richmond Dispatch 8/15/1861; a dozen Manassas POWs arrive, and taken to the prison on Main Street
Richmond Dispatch 8/15/1861; notes on individual prisoners recently arrived from Norfolk
Charleston Mercury 8/16/1861; amazingly descriptive article describing a traveler's arrival to Richmond and the Tredegar Iron Works
Richmond Dispatch 8/16/1861; 4th Company of Richmond Howitzers are gathering at New Fairgrounds (Camp Lee)
Richmond Dispatch 8/16/1861; list of donations to the St. Charles Hospital - includes donations from the children at the Lancastrian school, as well as the workers of the C. S. Laboratory
Richmond Enquirer 8/16/1861; sick soldiers being brought to Gilliam's Factory (Gen. Hos. #3)
Richmond Dispatch 8/17/1861; Mrs. A. F. Hopkins of Mobile in town, collecting & disbursing supplies for Ladies Military Aid Society of Mobile
Richmond Dispatch 8/17/1861; 2 escapees from Harwood's recaptured in King William County
Richmond Whig 8/17/1861; reiteration of appeal to move Yankees out of Alms House
Richmond Dispatch 8/20/1861; detailed account of visit to Alms House Prison Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 8/20/1861; paragraph on grave-digging at Hollywood; nearly 100 soldier graves already
Richmond Enquirer 8/20/1861; Centenary Methodist Church Hospital established
Richmond Enquirer 8/20/1861; Two hospitals have been established by the Centenary Methodist Church
Richmond Whig 8/20/1861; Sycamore Church establishes hospital in their lecture-room
Richmond Dispatch 8/21/1861; St. Charles Hospital feeding hundreds daily, on private contributions
Richmond Dispatch 8/21/1861; ad for someone to superintend St. Charles Hospital
Richmond Whig 8/21/1861; gratuitous praise of the nearly complete Richmond fortifications
Richmond Dispatch 8/22/1861; Thos. M. Palmer, Surg. 2nd FL, ad for lost or stolen horses
Richmond Dispatch 8/22/1861; 2 POWs recaptured after escaping from Main St. prison
Richmond Dispatch 8/22/1861; 14th AL encamped just beyond Bloody Run gully; dress parades "occur on the level ground just above the gully" (Chimborazo Hill)
Richmond Dispatch 8/22/1861; short extract from letter of Yankee POW, describing prison building
Richmond Dispatch 8/23/1861; excellent description of Springfield Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 8/23/1861; resident students needed at Medical College Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 8/23/1861; Pattern maker needed at the Armory
Richmond Dispatch 8/24/1861; note from Co. B, Tredegar Bn., thanking J. R. Anderson and others for contributing towards uniforming the company
Richmond Dispatch 8/24/1861; Springfield Hospital needs one cook & one washerwoman
Richmond Enquirer 8/24/1861; description of the "Springfield Hospital" and its operations (future GH#26)
Richmond Dispatch 8/24/1861; directors of the Richmond College give the college to Louisiana soldiers for use as a hospital
Richmond Dispatch 8/26/1861; lists two Yankee officers who died recently at Alms House
Richmond Dispatch 8/26/1861; member of CS guard at Ligon's factory shoots his officer
Richmond Dispatch 8/26/1861; list of prominent Yankee POWs at Alms House
Richmond Whig 8/26/1861; Improvements to General Hospital #1.
Richmond Dispatch 8/27/1861; 21 new POWs arrive
Richmond Dispatch 8/27/1861; Hodge cartridges tested at Armory on 8/26, with success
Richmond Dispatch 8/27/1861; Letter from "Militia;" included a few facts on Tredegar Battalion
Richmond Dispatch 8/28/1861; note from patients at St. Charles Hospital thanking everyone for good help
Richmond Dispatch 8/28/1861; death notice of a soldier at Robertson Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 8/28/1861; inquest on a very tattooed man who died near Seabrook's warehouse
Richmond Enquirer 8/28/1861; prisoner at Liggon's factory kills his guard and attempts to escape
Richmond Dispatch 8/29/1861; Surgeon at Gilliam's factory (GH#3) advertises for servants and wardmaster
Richmond Dispatch 8/29/1861; 6 female nurses needed at St. Charles Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 8/30/1861; 5 negroes caught having a party at Lancastrian Schoolhouse
Richmond Dispatch 8/30/1861; 13 POWs arrive
Richmond Dispatch 8/30/1861; very good article on St. Charles Hospital; gives stats
Richmond Dispatch 8/31/1861; good stuff on Alabama Hospital organization - letter from Mrs. Hopkins; says the Alabama Hosp. est. 8/1/1861
Richmond Dispatch 8/31/1861; 2 good nurses needed for Alabama Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 8/31/1861; good description of Sycamore Church Hospital; opened 8/21
Richmond Enquirer 8/31/1861; notice that Sycamore Church Hospital has been established
Richmond Whig 8/31/1861; Richmond Female Institute (later GH#4) will remain open
Richmond Whig 8/31/1861; description of Sycamore Hospital
Richmond Enquirer 9/3/1861; a car is running on the new city railroad
Richmond Whig 9/3/1861; great description of the Richmond prisons and some of the prisoners; notes that there are 1725 prisoners in Richmond
Richmond Enquirer 9/4/1861; description of a hospital at the Clay Street Chapel, near Brooke Avenue
Richmond Whig 9/4/1861; the new city passenger railway is now in use
Richmond Whig 9/4/1861; "Shockoe Hill Cats" and "Butcher Cats," local youth gangs, are menacing Navy Hill, between 4th and 7th streets, with their weekly stone battles
Richmond Enquirer 9/6/1861; Yankees attempt to escape from prison, shot by sentries on Libby Hill.
Richmond Dispatch 9/6/1861; J. R. Anderson (Tredegar Iron Works) promoted to Brigadier General
Richmond Dispatch 9/6/1861; Yankee surgeon, tending to prisoners, has made his escape
Richmond Dispatch 9/8/1861; mortality rate at St. Charles Hospital (GH#8)
Richmond Whig 9/9/1861; Louisiana Hospital
Richmond Whig 9/10/1861; description of a rock battle between the "Shockoe Hill Cats" and "Butcher Cats," and the police raid that stopped it
Richmond Whig 9/10/1861; 15 deaths in the 16th Georgia regiment at Camp Lee in one week
Richmond Dispatch 9/11/1861; ladies of the First Baptist Church have procured a house on Fourth street beyond Leigh to use as a hospital
Charleston Mercury 9/12/1861; two large Tredegar Dahlgren cannon delivered to Charleston
Richmond Dispatch 9/12/1861; Artillery company of VMI alumni is being formed
Richmond Dispatch 9/12/1861; Georgia hospital is being established in "large buildings on 21st street"
Richmond Dispatch 9/12/1861; VMI Board of Visitors meets again to decide the fate of the Institute during the war; notes professors engaged in service, and mistakes J. E. Johnston for T. J. Jackson
Richmond Enquirer 9/13/1861; American House Hospital closed
Richmond Whig 9/16/1861; four Yankee prisoners escape from prison depot, two are shot and the others are recaptured
Richmond Whig 9/16/1861; Louisiana soldier, shot by a South Carolinian, dies in St. Charles Hospital
Richmond Enquirer 9/17/1861; "Hospitals in Richmond" list
Richmond Enquirer 9/17/1861; General Winder will move his headquarters to the corner of 9th and Broad streets
Richmond Whig 9/17/1861; references to recent POW escapes, says guards are more interested in keeping citizens out than prisoners in
Richmond Dispatch 9/18/1861; locomotive "J. R. Anderson" is on the new tracks connecting the RF&P and Petersburg RRs
Richmond Dispatch 9/18/1861; the State Armory is at the corner of 7th and Cary
Richmond Enquirer 9/18/1861; addenda to the hospital list of the 17th - lists the Clay street Hospital
Richmond Enquirer 9/18/1861; notes on Yankee prisoners and the cost of keeping them in Richmond
Richmond Enquirer 9/19/1861; addenda to the hospital list of the 17th - adds Samaritan and Gamble's Hill Hospital, both under the auspices of the YMCA
Richmond Enquirer 9/19/1861; six Yankees have escaped from prison
Richmond Enquirer 9/21/1861; Yankee surgeons in Richmond to be paroled
Richmond Enquirer 9/21/1861; VMI Board of Visitors is still meeting trying to figure out how to re-organize - cadets are serving as drillmasters
Richmond Dispatch 9/23/1861; Elizabeth Van Lew is renting a residence next door to her house
Richmond Enquirer 9/23/1861; Yankee prisoner in the "lower prison, near Rocketts" shot and killed for verbally abusing a sentinel. Sentinel praised for doing his duty. Prisoner buried at Shockoe Cemetery
Richmond Enquirer 9/23/1861; false alarm of fire near the General Hospital
Richmond Enquirer 9/23/1861; Two escaped Union POWs recaptured and returned to Harwood's Prison
Richmond Enquirer 9/23/1861; notes on Union surgeons released on parole
Richmond Enquirer 9/23/1861; 13 Yankee prisoners from Cheat Mountain (including a member of McClellan's staff) brought to town
Richmond Enquirer 9/23/1861; 60 sick Georgians have arrived and are taken to the Georgia Hospital
Richmond Enquirer 9/24/1861; Yankee prisoner shot by a sentinel; buried at Shockoe
Richmond Enquirer 9/24/1861; Medical College notice for the next term, includes listing of professors (McCaw, Gibson, Peticolas, etc)
Richmond Enquirer 9/24/1861; notice for the Richmond Female Institute (future GH#4) - says that it will go on as before, but soldiers' daughters will be given free tuition
Richmond Enquirer 9/25/1861; list of hospitals in Richmond with current capacities. Notes that POWs are at the General Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 9/26/1861; The State Armory is now at the corner of 7th and Cary streets
Richmond Enquirer 9/26/1861; Yankee soldier dies at Prison Hospital No. 1, under the care of Dr. Higginbotham
Richmond Examiner 9/26/1861; Gilliam's Factory becomes hospital (GH#3)
Richmond Examiner 9/26/1861; Ad for tobacco at Hardgrove Factory
Richmond Examiner 9/26/1861; 50 patients in Main Street Hospital (Ross' Factory)
Richmond Dispatch 9/27/1861; Virginia Central RR is building a stone building at their RR shops
Richmond Dispatch 9/27/1861; catalog for the Richmond Female Institute's next session
Richmond Dispatch 9/27/1861; Roger Martin's school will re-open, after its use as a hospital
Richmond Enquirer 9/27/1861; description of the Bethel Church Sunday school (20th and Cary streets)
Richmond Enquirer 9/27/1861; fire at the laboratory in Thomas' factory - workers flee, but fire is contained
Richmond Enquirer 9/27/1861; interesting Mayor's Court items: one of the combatants in the "Hill cats/Butcher cats" rock battle unable to prove his good character, and a slave assaults a "free negress," flees the court and leads officers on a foot race, before being sentenced to 39 lashes
Richmond Examiner 9/27/1861; Fire at C. S. Laboratory
Richmond Examiner 9/27/1861; A southern turncoat is among the prisoners at General Hospital #1
Richmond Whig 9/27/1861; Fire at the C. S. Laboratory - urges movement of laboratory from a central location for safety reasons
Richmond Enquirer 9/28/1861; excellent and lengthy description of the Tredegar Iron Works - describes the manufacture of iron products and mentions the Tredegar Battalion
Richmond Examiner 9/30/1861; Dr. Bolton reports 51 patients in Bellevue Hospital
Richmond Examiner 9/30/1861; Texas Soldier dies at St. Charles Hospital (GH#8)
Richmond Dispatch 10/1/1861; Officer Winches has been engaged in cleaning up the General Hospital and adding to the comfort of the inmates
Richmond Dispatch 10/1/1861; Junius Archer, proprietor of Bellona Arsenal turns over $568 to St. Charles Hosp. - his proceeds from sale of Columbiad to Govt.
Richmond Dispatch 10/1/1861; Adv. from Libby & Son - warehouse can store 20,000 bushels of wheat or 550 hhd tobacco
Richmond Enquirer 10/1/1861; excellent (and lengthy) description of the operations of the Tredegar Iron Works
Richmond Enquirer 10/1/1861; 34 convalescent soldiers from St. Francis de Sales, Medical College, and Bellevue hospitals sent to Petersburg
Richmond Examiner 10/1/1861; new hospital at Pleasants & Frazier (GH#14)
Richmond Dispatch 10/2/1861; excellent account of the arrival in Richmond of federal prisoners and their route through the city to Mayo's factory prison
Richmond Dispatch 10/2/1861; very detailed account of the ladies' & state hospitals in Richmond - gives statistics and descriptions
Richmond Dispatch 10/2/1861; description of the armament shops on 7th streets
Richmond Enquirer 10/2/1861; excellent description of the building of the facilities that will become Chimborazo Hospital - originally intended to be winter quarters
Richmond Dispatch 10/3/1861; General Hospital #26 mentioned
Richmond Dispatch 10/3/1861; Crew & Pemberton advertises their tobacco
Richmond Dispatch 10/3/1861; 230 sick soldiers arrive from Manassas
Richmond Dispatch 10/3/1861; Ad to Marylanders from Adjt. G. W. Alexander, proposing to form the Zarvona Zouaves
Richmond Dispatch 10/4/1861; Mrs. J. Davis & Mrs. Gen. Johnston injured in carriage wreck near Dill's farm. Arm of latter broken
Richmond Dispatch 10/4/1861; 4th Main soldier escaped from Ross' Factory. Captured at Tunstall's Station by Dr. Tazewell Tyler, Mr. Apperson & Wm. W. New
Richmond Dispatch 10/4/1861; Gen. Winder is recruiting a company of exempts for city duty
Richmond Dispatch 10/4/1861; J. W. Pegram adv. for lost horse, Camp Belcher near Fairfield Race Course
Richmond Enquirer 10/4/1861; Three Yankees escaped from prison (non-specific)
Richmond Enquirer 10/4/1861; Gen. Winder wants a company of 100 men, unfit for field service, to perform duty in the city of Richmond
Richmond Examiner 10/4/1861; Yankee prisoners, kept at General Hospital #1, to be exchanged
Richmond Examiner 10/4/1861; Yankee prisoner escapes from Ross' Factory
Richmond Dispatch 10/5/1861; excellent description of the fitting up of the Capitol building for use by the Confederate Congress
Richmond Dispatch 10/5/1861; details on four Yankee prisoners brought to the city
Richmond Dispatch 10/5/1861; 100 sick soldiers arrive in the city and conveyed to the hospitals
Richmond Dispatch 10/5/1861; 100 women wanted to work at the C. S. Laboratory at 7th and Arch streets
Richmond Dispatch 10/5/1861; Pleasants & Frayser adv. for 4 Washerwomen and Men Servants
Richmond Dispatch 10/5/1861; Report of G. W. Alexander's MD meeting, Convened at Adam's Bldg, 10th St. betw. Main & Cary. Meeting brought to order by "Capt. Dugan, a fine specimen of a Marylander." Details on GWA
Richmond Enquirer

10/5/1861; two Texas companies arrive in Richmond, the “Texan Aids” and the “Polk county Yankee Hunters.”

Richmond Enquirer 10/5/1861; statistics and praise of the “Confederate States Prison Hospital, at Rocketts.” Notes 41 deaths have occurred, and praises Dr. E. G. Higginbotham at length. 
Richmond Enquirer 10/5/1861; corrections to the statistics of the ladies’ hospitals in Richmond. Warwick House and Company G Hospital have not been keeping good books. Death rate is between 3.2 - 3.7%
Richmond Enquirer

10/5/1861; Mrs. Davis and Mrs. Gen. Johnston are not as bad off as was previously supposed after their accident.

Richmond Enquirer

10/5/1861; 100 white girls needed to work at the C. S. Laboratory, corner 7th and Arch

Richmond Enquirer 10/5/1861; Gen. Winder adv for 100 men to serve in a company “to perform duty in the city.”
Richmond Dispatch 10/7/1861; flag of truce boat carries away 57 POWs - Charles Bell Gibson and St. George Peachy accompany the departing prisoners
Richmond Dispatch 10/7/1861; details on the times of departure at the Petersburg Railroad
Richmond Dispatch 10/7/1861; Congressman Ely presented with a wooden sword in prison
Richmond Dispatch 10/7/1861; flood ruins wharf at Rocketts
Richmond Dispatch 10/7/1861; More than 100 sick arrive for hospitals via the Central railroad
Richmond Dispatch 10/7/1861; Geo. S. Palmer renting out "two large warehouses fronting on Water and Cary streets, between 20th and 21st streets." (later Libby Prison)
Richmond Examiner 10/7/1861; Hon. Alfred Ely (US Congressman) presented with a mock sword in prison
Richmond Dispatch 10/8/1861; 100 women needed to work at the C. S. Laboratory
Richmond Dispatch 10/8/1861; Geo. Sheridan, Ala. soldier, goes crazy, runs through streets in underwear, leaps to death in canal at "Armory Bridge"
Richmond Dispatch 10/8/1861; Now two Georgia Hospitals in operation, a third in preparation
Richmond Dispatch 10/8/1861; correction of times of departure on the Petersburg Railroad
Richmond Dispatch 10/8/1861; death notice of Mary E. McCaw, daughter of Dr. Wm. R. McCaw (sister to J. B. McCaw?)
Richmond Dispatch 10/8/1861; Tredegar adv. for 4 good mules
Richmond Dispatch 10/9/1861; new Ga. hosp. at Taylor's Factory, 24th & Franklin - not ready but patients arrive anyway, unexpectedly
Richmond Dispatch 10/9/1861; Ad for G. W. Alexander's Zarvona Zouave guerilla
Richmond Dispatch 10/11/1861; Aleck, slave of Dr. Wellford, is nurse at St. Charles Hotel. Arrested for theft.
Richmond Dispatch 10/11/1861; Vice President Alexander Stephens visits Georgia Hospitals daily
Richmond Enquirer 10/11/1861; excellent description of the Richmond Arsenal and its operation.
Richmond Examiner 10/11/1861; 40 Federal prisoners being treated at GH#1; details about Mrs. Ricketts coming to Richmond to nurse her wounded husband
Richmond Examiner 10/11/1861; man arrested for trespassing at Turpin & Yarborough's tobacco factory, "now used as a hospital."
Richmond Examiner 10/11/1861; Monticello, home of Thomas Jefferson, to be confiscated by the Confederate States government because of owner's disloyalty
Richmond Dispatch 10/12/1861; 18 Ga. Hospital located "near Bloody Run" (Chimborazo)
Richmond Dispatch 10/12/1861; New foundation for Haxall Crenshaw Mill is complete
Richmond Dispatch 10/12/1861; Springfield Hosp. thanks local ladies for delicacies
Richmond Dispatch 10/12/1861; CS Armory seeks pattern makers & smiths
Richmond Enquirer 10/12/1861; Greanor's factory (future GH#18) has become a hospital, and is at present the "best supplied"
Richmond Enquirer 10/12/1861; 100 white girls needed to work at the C. S. Laboratory making cartridges
Richmond Dispatch 10/15/1861; J. M. Selkirk at Smith's Factory, 21st St., applies for washerwomen for the Ga. Hospitals
Richmond Dispatch 10/16/1861; 36 WIA prisoners transferred from Alms House to prison. Authorities hope to use Alms House for CSA only
Richmond Dispatch 10/16/1861; Louisiana Hospital needs three good washerwomen
Richmond Dispatch 10/16/1861; N. G. Tumley, Hosp. Steward, adv. for 2 good negro male cooks for Chimborazo.
Richmond Enquirer 10/16/1861; 36 prisoners transferred from the General Hospital to the Confederate States Hospital (probably Ross Factory)
Richmond Dispatch 10/16/1861; two of the three warehouses belonging to Geo. Palmer, (soon to be Libby Prison) are for rent
Richmond Examiner 10/16/1861; Masonic fraternity offers hall as hospital
Richmond Examiner 10/16/1861; Federal prisoners removed from GH#1 and moved to prison on Main st.
Richmond Dispatch 10/17/1861; Cooks needed at Chimborazo Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 10/17/1861; Washerwomen needed at the Georgia hospitals - apply to Smith's Factory, 21st street
Richmond Dispatch 10/17/1861; J. H. Greanor's slave George attacks Dr. Wellford's slave Phebe with an axe, in the bottom near the Central depot
Richmond Enquirer 10/17/1861; lengthy description of the Crenshaw Woolen Mills (located among the Tredegar works) - notes on Richmond's industrial capacity
Richmond Dispatch 10/18/1861; marriage notice - Mr. Thos. P. Turner marries India N. Wilson, 10/15/61 at Branch's Baptist Church,  Chestfld Co.
Richmond Dispatch 10/18/1861; details on case of axe-wielding slave of Capt. John H. Greanor
Richmond Dispatch 10/18/1861; list of public schools & expenses. Includes Lancastrian School ($600) & Tredegar Free School ($250)
Richmond Dispatch 10/21/1861; description of the celebration of the anniversary of the Battle of Yorktown - Armory Band and Public guard put on festivities in Capitol Square
Richmond Dispatch 10/21/1861; update on recruiting for Zarvona Zouaves. G. W. Alexander back in town.
Richmond Dispatch 10/21/1861; arrival of more federal prisoners; there are now 1,189 prisoners in Richmond
Richmond Enquirer 10/21/1861; winter quarters in the vicinity of the reservoir are nearly completed (future Winder Hospital)
Richmond Dispatch 10/22/1861; Tredegar adv. for certain skilled laborers
Richmond Dispatch 10/23/1861; List of contributors to St. Charles Hosp. including $395 from J. R. Anderson & Tredegar Employees
Richmond Dispatch 10/23/1861; short letter of thanks to donors from G. W. Alexander
Richmond Dispatch 10/23/1861; St. Charles Hotel (GH#8) gets contribution of $4000
Richmond Dispatch 10/24/1861; details on the anxiety at the Central depot over the non-arrival of prisoners; too many prisoners in town; Plans afoot to convert a tobacco factory on 25th into a prison
Richmond Dispatch 10/24/1861; Four POWs (named) died 10/23 at Prison hospital
Richmond Dispatch 10/24/1861; Nurse needed at factory, corner 25th and Cary
Richmond Dispatch 10/25/1861; Enormous description of arrival of POWs at VA Central depot. Sent to Mayo's Factory, corner 25th and Cary. Much on 18th & 19th GA as guards. Wm. Harris, future author, is among the prisoners
Richmond Dispatch 10/25/1861; Good paragraph on 18th GA, camped at Bloody Run, Guarding POWs
Richmond Dispatch 10/25/1861; fire brigade parades and tests their new engine on the south side of the canal basin
Richmond Dispatch 10/25/1861; slaves of John Greanor and John Minor Botts are acquitted of stealing from a sick soldier
Richmond Dispatch 10/25/1861; "Extraordinary Freak" - man in drag appears on Main street
Richmond Dispatch 10/25/1861; 1NC Cavalry parades through Capitol Square
Richmond Dispatch 10/28/1861; Taylor's Factory has been taken as a prison
Richmond Dispatch 10/28/1861; description of Richmond's attitude toward U. S. prisoners
Richmond Dispatch 10/28/1861; 18GA & 3GA Bn left 10/25 for N.C.
Richmond Dispatch 10/28/1861; New hospital is established on Clay street, between Fifth and Sixth under Mrs. Phillip Mayo
Richmond Dispatch 10/28/1861; Taylor's factory near corner of 25th & Cary, taken by the Government for a prison
Richmond Enquirer 10/28/1861; a new hospital has opened at Stewart's School House, on Clay Street between 5th and 6th
Richmond Dispatch 10/30/1861; Adv. for nurses needed at Warwick Hosp., south side of Broad betw. 23rd & 24th Sts.
Richmond Dispatch 10/30/1861; runaway slave ad., Bellevue Hospital
Richmond Enquirer 10/30/1861; 150 sick soldiers transferred from "the Confederate quarters, on Chimborazo Heights" to Petersburg
Richmond Enquirer 10/31/1861; flint-lock muskets are being altered daily at the State Armory, at Stuart's Factory at 7th and Cary streets
Richmond Dispatch 11/1/1861; Entrenchers near Blakey's Pond find buried cannon & shells
Richmond Dispatch 11/1/1861; Rev. John C. McCabe appointed chaplain of area military posts
Richmond Dispatch 11/1/1861; Gen. Robert E. Lee has returned to the city from western Virginia
Richmond Whig 11/1/1861; Excellent description of Chimborazo Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 11/2/1861; more details on Rev. Dr. McCabe - came from the 32VA
Richmond Dispatch 11/2/1861; Adv. for cooks to operate Spotswood Hotel kitchen
Richmond Dispatch 11/4/1861; Yankee prisoners, taken to Chimborazo, make their escape
Richmond Dispatch 11/4/1861; 2,685 prisoners have come to Richmond so far; those who remain number 1,714
Richmond Dispatch 11/4/1861; Soldiers guarding prisons are building fires in streets to keep warm
Richmond Examiner 11/4/1861; Tents blown down at Camp Lee and Dimmock
Richmond Examiner 11/4/1861; Two Yankee prisoners, permitted leave in the city, attempt to escape, but are re-captured
Richmond Dispatch 11/6/1861; Capt. Gibbs in command of the military prisons in Richmond
Richmond Dispatch 11/6/1861; active lumber yard at corner 21st & Dock
Richmond Dispatch 11/6/1861; E. H. Poindexter adv. for runaway slave Riley, "from my plantation, in the lower end of Henrico County."
Richmond Dispatch 11/7/1861; CS Armory very active now
Richmond Dispatch 11/8/1861; 2 guards (civilians) at Louisiana Hospital fight - one kills the other
Richmond Dispatch 11/8/1861; card noting that Wm. A. Carrington has his (private) office on Main street
Richmond Dispatch 11/8/1861; description of the improvements made to the Senate chamber preparatory to the arrival of the Confederate Senate - VA State Senate are relocated upstairs
Richmond Dispatch 11/8/1861; Georgia Hospital, 21st street, advertises for servants
Richmond Enquirer 11/8/1861; A guard at Louisiana Hospital accidentally shot a fellow guard
Richmond Dispatch 11/9/1861; More on Louisiana Hospital shooting - an accident, they decide
Richmond Dispatch 11/11/1861; excellent description of "the city of Chimborazo" - describes the buildings as winter quarters, not a hospital
Richmond Dispatch 11/11/1861; Update on Louisiana Hosp. shooting case
Richmond Dispatch 11/11/1861; 18GA & 3GA Bn returned to Rd on Nov. 8 - Bethel Regt. "now occupies quarters on Hospital Hill"
Richmond Dispatch 11/11/1861; slave of James Royster whipped for stealing coffee from Ga. Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 11/12/1861; statistics of burials in Shockoe cemetery during the last quarter, including 97 Union POWs
Richmond Dispatch 11/12/1861; Adv. from Libby & Son for new sales items - tar, turpentine, etc
Richmond Enquirer 11/12/1861; quarterly statistics of the Shockoe Cemetery - 99 POWs buried there
New York Herald 11/12/1861; lengthy description of Richmond, Lynchburg, & Nashville
Richmond Enquirer 11/12/1861; 247 dead POWs interred in Shockoe Hill burial ground
Richmond Dispatch 11/13/1861; rent notice by Geo. S. Palmer, for 2 warehouses fronting on Cary & Dock Sts
Richmond Dispatch 11/14/1861; rent notice for Libby & Son's warehouse
Richmond Dispatch 11/15/1861; colored female nurse needed at the 2nd Alabama Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 11/18/1861; Camp Dimmock is “beyond the reservoir”
Richmond Enquirer 11/18/1861; great description of the prison system in Richmond with list of employees (included Wirz and Higginbotham). Notes that over 2000 POWs now in Richmond
Richmond Dispatch 11/19/1861; 18GA left the city today
Richmond Dispatch 11/21/1861; 2 CS soldier guards in trouble for shooting at POWs – one fatality, the other a miss. Names given, prison not ID'ed
Richmond Enquirer 11/21/1861; sentinel at unnamed prison charged and acquitted of shooting at the prisoners
Richmond Enquirer 11/21/1861; sentinel at "Confederate Prison No. 2" accidentally shot two prisoners, one mortally. Mentions that he was on a hill behind the prison when his musket accidentally discharged. Mayor finds that the incident was an accident
Richmond Dispatch 11/22/1861; G. L. Gates, steward at Chimborazo #2, adv. for one male cook
Richmond Dispatch 11/22/1861; Camp Dimmock beyond Old Fair Grounds, near trotting track
Richmond Dispatch 11/22/1861; Dr. McCabe, post Chaplain, overwhelmed with work
Richmond Dispatch 11/23/1861; Summary of artillery review at Camp Dimmock
Richmond Enquirer 11/23/1861; a baker is wanted at the General Hospital (GH#1)
Richmond Enquirer 11/25/1861; More POWs arrive at Richmond.
Richmond Enquirer 11/25/1861; 3 POWs died in prison.
Richmond Dispatch 11/26/1861; Short note to 4 little girls from G. Washington Alexander, thanking them on behalf of Zarvona Zouaves
Richmond Dispatch 11/26/1861; death notice for Lt. A. B. Bird, H5TX, died Robertson Hospital – funeral from St. Paul’s Chapel, 5th St. near Armory
Richmond Dispatch 11/26/1861; Adv. for nurses at Byrd Island Hosp. – one white male & 3 or 4 servants
Richmond Dispatch 11/26/1861; Editorial complaint about conditions at Chimborazo.
Richmond Dispatch 11/27/1861; McCaw replies to the previous editorial.
Richmond Dispatch 11/29/1861; C. B. Gibson at G. H. #1 wants to hire 9 male nurses
Richmond Dispatch 11/30/1861; Fire at shed behind Dibrell’s Warehouse, Cary St. below 21st. Yankee POWs in adjacent county jail maybe started it
Richmond Dispatch 11/30/1861; 31 POWs arrive – now a total of 1483 in town – names 4 POWs who died 11/29
Charleston Mercury 12/2/1861; war news - notes that Tredegar has started a wire factory
Richmond Examiner 12/2/1861; hospitals established in Grant factories (GH#12)
Richmond Dispatch 12/3/1861; Slave of Pleasant’s & Frayser whipped for stealing bed from 2nd Georgia Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 12/4/1861; more details on the new Senate chamber for the State Senate
Richmond Dispatch 12/4/1861; Adv. for employees at Byrd Island Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 12/5/1861; Dr. Higginbotham given a hand-made pipe by a grateful POW patient
Richmond Whig 12/5/1861; List of patients at Robertson Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 12/6/1861; G. S. McNeal, Steward 2nd Alabama Hospital adv. for lost overcoat
Richmond Dispatch 12/7/1861; excellent directory of churches in Richmond, pastors, and times of worship
Richmond Dispatch 12/7/1861; death notice for 13 month old son of Charles H. Winston
Richmond Dispatch 12/7/1861; 2 negro washerwomen needed at 2nd Ala Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 12/10/1861; new hospitals at factories of Grant (GH#12) and Roysters (GH#20)
Richmond Enquirer 12/10/1861; list of clothing for Massachusetts prisoners
Richmond Enquirer 12/10/1861; "Negro Prisoners of War"
Richmond Enquirer 12/10/1861; 3 officers and one VMI cadet are ordered from the Camp of Instruction to duty in the prisons (includes T. P. Turner and Geo. Emack)
Richmond Enquirer 12/10/1861; List of deceased Prisoners of War
Richmond Dispatch 12/11/1861; Adv from Libby & So for recently received goods – selling tar, turpentine, etc.
Richmond Dispatch 12/12/1861; duel takes place at the Broad Rock Race Course
Richmond Dispatch 12/13/1861; Capt. B. G. Baldwin commanding Richmond Arsenal is selling a horse
Richmond Dispatch 12/14/1861; Public Guard displaced from State Armory
Richmond Enquirer 12/14/1861; new hospital opened at Mayo's factory, corner of 25th and Cary street
Richmond Dispatch 12/17/1861; Marylanders looking to rent building for hospital use
Richmond Dispatch 12/18/1861; Notes on prisoners of war - notes that Capt. Ricketts and his wife will be released today
Richmond Enquirer 12/18/1861; Capt. Ricketts and his wife are to be sent North - notes that while in Richmond they were visited by Pres. Davis and others
Richmond Dispatch 12/19/1861; Residents of Union & Church Hills to meet at Co. G armory for local defense
Richmond Dispatch 12/19/1861; Nice sales notice for Atkinson’s Factory, north side of Main betw. 26 & 27
New York Herald 12/23/1861; non-specific description of harsh treatment of Union POWs in Richmond; notes that Tredegar has produced a submarine to operate against the blockade
Richmond Dispatch 12/24/1861; Dr. Dandridge, at the Byrd Island Hospital, is looking for two substitutes
Richmond Dispatch 12/25/1861; Kent, Paine & Co. warehouse for rent
Richmond Dispatch 12/27/1861; Attempt to escape from City Jail foiled
Richmond Dispatch 12/27/1861; Tredegar Battalion to have full dress uniform drill
Richmond Dispatch 12/27/1861; Slave of T. & S. Hardgrove punished for providing whiskey to POWs
Richmond Dispatch 12/28/1861; Tredegar Battalion looked good on parade
Richmond Dispatch 12/30/1861; update on Yankee POWs - much cheerfulness among the prisoners
Richmond Dispatch 12/31/1861; Thos. B. Rees, Main between 9 & 10 wants to hire cook for small family

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