Libby Prison Bibliography

Written Accounts
Other Sites



Unpublished Material

Albree, John, Papers. College of William and Mary. Williamsburg, Virginia.

Fortescue Louis R., Diary, 1863-64. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Gary, Charles C., Diary. University of North Carolina. Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Libby, George W., Letter to E. H. Libby. In possession of the Virginia Historical Society.

_________, "Richmondís Water Front in Bygone Days." In possession of Luther Libby, Jr., Richmond, Virginia.

Libby, Luther. Richmond, Virginia. Interview, March 18, 1980.

Mercer, Charles K., Letters to Sandra Parker. In possession of the writer.

Pierson, J. Frederic, "Prisonerís Club.,í Libby Prison, Richmond, Virginia. Constitution, 1862.11 Copy in possession of the Virginia Historical Society.

Van Lew, Elizabeth, Album, 1845-1897. In possession of the Virginia Historical Society.

Washington, D. C. National Archives. Military Records Division. Group 94. Register of Cadet Applicants, 1859-60, 1860-61.

Reminiscences and Memoirs

Abbott, Allen O., Prison Life in the South: At Richmond, Macon, Savannah, Charleston, Columbia, Charlotte, Raleigh, Goldsborough, and Andersonville, During the Years 1864 and 1865. New York: Harper and Brothers,

Adams, John Gregory, Reminiscences of the Nineteenth Massachusetts Regiment. Boston: Wright and Potter, 9-9

Anderson,, James S., Nineteen Months a Prisoner of War in the Hands of the Rebels. Milwaukee: Starr and Son, 1865

Beaudry, Louis N., Historic Records of the Fifth New York Cavalry. Albany, New York: J. Munsell., 1866.

________,ed., The Libby Chronicle. Albany, New York: By the Author, 1889.

Booth, B. F., Dark Days of the Rebellion, or Life in Southern Military Prisons. Indianola, Iowa: Booth Publishing Company, 1897.

Browne, Junius H., Four Years in Secessia. Hartford: O. D. Case and Co., 1865.

Caldwell, David S., Incidents of War and Southern Prison Life. Dayton, Ohio: United Brethren Printers, 1864.

Cavada, Frederic F., Libby Life: Experiences of a Prisoner of War in Richmond, Va., 1863-64. Philadelphia: King and Baird, 1864.

Committee of the 73d Indiana Regimental Association, comp., History of the 73d Indiana Volunteers. Washington, D. C.: Carnahan Press, 1909.

Corcoran, Michael, The Captivity of General Corcoran. .Philadelphia: Barclay and Company, 1864.

Crossley, William J., Extracts from My Diary, and from Experiences While Boarding with Jefferson Davis . . .from July, 1861, to June, 1862. Providence, R., I.: Soldiers and Sailors Historical Society of Rhode Island., 1903.

Daniel, Cary L., Confederate Scrapbook. -Richmond: J. H. Hill, 1893.

Dougherty, Michael, Prison Diary of Michael Dougherty while Confined in Pemberton, Libby, Pemberton , Belle Isle, Pemberton and Andersonville. Bristol, Penn.: C. A. Dougherty, 1908.

Dow, Neal, The Reminiscences of Neal Dow, Recollections of Eighty Years. Portland, Maine: The Evening Press Publishing Co., 1898.

Estabrooks, Henry L., Adrift in Dixie; or, A Yankee Officer among the Rebels. New York: Carleton, 1866.

Ferguson, Joseph, Life-Struggles in Rebel Prisons: A Record of the Sufferings, Escapes, Adventures and Starvation of the Union Prisoners. Philadelphia: James M. Ferguson, 1865.

Fox, James D., A True History of the Reign of Terror in Southern Illinois, A Part of the Campaign in Western Virginia, and Fourteen Months of Prison Life at Richmond, Va. Aurora,, Illinois: By the Author, 11384.

Francis, Charles L., Narrative of a Private Soldier in the Volunteer Army of the United States, During a Portion of the Period Covered by the Great War of the Rebellion of 1861. Brooklyn: William Jenkins and Company, 1879.

Glazier, Willard W. , The Capture, the Prison Pen and the Escape. Hartford, Conn.: H. E. Goodwin, 1868.

Godfrey, C. E., Sketch of Major Henry W. Sawyer, 1st Regimental Cavalry, New Jersey Volunteers: A Union Soldier and Prisoner of War in Libby Prison under Sentence of Death. Trenton, N. J.: MacCrellish and Quigley., 1907.

Goss, Warren L., The Soldierís Story of His Captivity at Andersonville, Belle Isle, and other Rebel Prisons. Boston: I. N. Richardson, 1875.

Henley, Bernard, Richmond, VA 1607-1963. n. p. , n. d.

Hyde, Solon, A Captive of War. New York: McClure and phillips, 1900.

Illustrated Guide and Catalog . . . in the War Museum. Chicago: no publisher listed, 1900.

Isham, Asa B., Prisoners of War and Military Prisons with General Account of Prison Life and Prisons in the South during the War of the Rebellion,, including statistical information pertaining to Prisoners of War. Cincinnati: Lyman and Cushing, 1890.

Jeffrey, William H., Richmond Prisons, 1861-1862. St. Johnsburg, Vt.: The Republican Press, 1893.

Johnston, Isaac N., Four Months in Libby, and the Campaign Against Atlanta. Cincinnati: Methodist Book Concern, 1893.

Jones, John B., A Rebel War Clerkís Diary at the Confederate States Capital. 2 vols. New York: Old Hickory Bookshop, 1935.

Kaiser, Leo M., ed. "Inside Libby and Out." Kentucky Historical Society Quarterly. LIX (October, 1961). 324-330.

Kellogg, Robert H., Life and Death in Rebel Prisons. Hartford, Conn.: L. Stebbins, 1865.

Kennedy, C. G., Population of the U.S. In 1860 Compiled from the Original Returns of the 8th Census under the Direction of the Secretary of Interior. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Press, 18647.

Kent, Will P., The Story of Libby Prison. Chicago: The Libby Prison War Museum Association, [1890].

Keyes, Charles M., The Military History of the 123d Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Sandusky, Ohio: ister Steam Press, 1874.

Lanman, Charles, ed. Journal of Alfred Ely, A Prisoner of War in Richmond. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1862.

Libby, Luther. "Luther Libby; The Man and the Prison." The Richmond Literature and History Quarterly I (Spring, 1979), 49-51.

MacCauley, Clay, Through Chancellorsville , Into and Out of Libby Prison, Providence., R.I.: Rhode Island Soldiers and Sailors Historical Society, 1904.

Merrell, W. T., Five Months in Rebeldom; or Notes from the Diary of a Bull Run Prisoner at Richmond. Rochester, N. Y.: Adams and Dabney., 1862.

Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, Illinois Commandry, Military Essays and Recollections. 4 vols. Chicago, 1891-1907.

Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, Massachusetts Commandry, Civil War Papers. 2 vols. Boston, 1900.

Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, Ohio Commandry, Sketches of War History. 6 vols. Cincinnati, 1880-1908.

Moran, Frank E., Bastiles of the Confederacy: A Reply to Jefferson Davis. Baltimore: By the Author, 1890.

Owens, John A., Sword and Pen; or, Ventures and Adventures of Willard Glazier. Philadelphia: P. W. Ziegler and Co., 1882.

Peelle, Margaret W., ed., Letters from Libby Prison. New York: Greenwich B6ok Publishers, 1956.

Pierson, Charles L., Ballís Bluff: An Episode and Its Consequences to Some of Us. Salem, Mass.: Salem Press Company, 1913.

Powell, William H., comp., List of Officers of the U. S. from 1779 to 1900. New York: L. R. Hamersly and Company, 1900.

Prutsman, Christian M., A Soldierís Experience in Southern Prisons. New York: Andrew H. Kellogg, 1901.

Putnam, George H., A Prisoner of War in Virginia, 1864-65. New York: G. P. Putnamís Sons, 1912.

Putnam, Sallie A., Richmond During the War; Four Years of Personal Observation. Richmond: G. W. Carlton and Company, 1867.

Rauscher, Frank, Music on the March, 1862-65, with the Army of the Potomac. Philadelphia: William F. Fell and Company, 1892.

Richardson, Albert D., The Secret Service, the Field, the Dungeon, and the Escape. Philadelphia: Jones

Brothers and Company, 1865.

Roach, Alva C., The Prisoner of War, and How Treated. Indianapolis, Indiana: The Railroad City Publishing House, 1865.

Ropes, John C., The Army under Pope. New York: Noble Offset Printers, Inc., n. d.

Scalter, William S., A Complete and Authentic History of Libby Prison. Richmond: Southern Art Emporium, 1897.

Southern Historical Society Papers. 52 vols. Richmond, Va.: 1876-1952.

Sprague, Homer B., Lights and Shadows in Confederate Prisons. A Personal Experience, 1864-65. New York: G. P. Putnamís Sons, 1915.

Stevenson, R. Randolph, The Southern Side; Or. Andersonville Prison. Baltimore: Turnbull Brothers., 1876.

Surby, Richard W., Grierson Raids, and Hatchís Sixty-Four Days March, with Biographical Sketches, also, The Life and Adventures of Chickasaw, the Scout. Chicago: Rounds and James, 1865.

Tobie, Edward F., A Trip to Richmond as a Prisoner of War. Providence, R. I.: F. F. Rider, 1879.

Turner, William D. "The Libby Lion." The Black Swan, August 1929, pp. 4-5, 29-35; September 1929, pp. 179 20, 27-29; October 1929, pp. 22, 33-35.

Tusken, Roger, ed. "In the Bastile of the Rebels." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, LVI (Summer, 1968), 316.

U. S. Christian Commission., Record of the Federal Dead Buried from Libby, Belle Isle, Danville and Camp Lawton Prisons and at City Point, and In the Field before Petersburg and Richmond. Philadelphia: James B. Rodgers, 1666.

U. S. Sanitary Commission, Narrative of Privations and Sufferings of U. S. Officers and Soldiers while Prisoners of War in the Hands of Rebel Authorities. Boston: Littellís Living Age, [1864].

U. S. War Department, comp., War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. 126 vols. Washington, Government Printing Offices, 1800-1901.

Walker, William C., History of the Eighteenth Regiment Connecticut Volunteers in the War for the Union. Norwich, Conn.: Published by the Committee, 1665.

Walls That Talk. Libby Prison. Richmond: R. E. Lee Camp, 1884.


Richmond Dispatch, 1861-1865; February 10, 1893.

Richmond Enquirer, March 4, 1862.

Richmond Enquirer, 1861-1865.

Richmond Times-Dispatch, June 3, 1897, March 25, 1959, December 15, 1961, July 30, 1962, September 28, 1962 and February 14, 64.

Richmond News Leader, July 14, 1939 and October 6, 1980.

Indianapolis Star, December 23, 1963.

Secondary Sources

Antrim, Earl, Civil War Prisons and Their Covers. New York: The Collectorsí Club, 1961.

Biers, Henry P. , Guide to the Archives of the Government of the Confederate States of America. Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office, 1968.

Boatner, Mark M., The Civil War Dictionary. New York: David McKay Company, Inc., 1959.

Byrne, Frank L., "Libby: A Study in Emotions." Journal of Southern History. XXIV (1958), 430-436.

Chesson, Michael B., Richmond After the War, 1865-1890. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1961.

Civil War Times Illustrated. Vols. II-XV. Harrisonburg, Pa., 1960-76.

Department of Public Utilities, Time and the River: The Story of Richmondís Drinking Water. Richmond: City of Richmond, 1972.

Long, Everette B., The Civil War Day By Day. New York: Doubleday and Company, Inc., 1971.

Lonn, Ella, Foreigners in the Union Army and Navy. New York: Greenwood Press, 1969.

Lutz, Earl , A Richmond Album. A Pictorial Chronicle of an Historic Cityís Outstanding Events and Places. Richmond: Garrett and Massie, 1937.

Manarin, Louis H., ed., Richmond at War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolin Press, 1966.

Manarin, Louis H., and Wallace, Lee A., Richmond Volunteers: The Volunteer Companies of the City of Richmond and Henrico County, Va.,, 1861-1875. Richmond: University Press of Virginia, 1969.

Maxwell, William Q., Lincolnís Fifth Wheel: The Political History of the U. S. Sanitary Commission. New York: Longmans, Green and Company, 1956.

Miller, Francis T., The Photographic History of the Civil War. Vol. VII: Prisons and Hospitals. New York: Castle Books, 1957. Randall, James G., and Donald, David, The Civil War and Reconstruction. Lexington, Mass.: D. C. Heath and Company, 1969.

Thomas, Emory M., The Confederate State of Richmond. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1971.

Trefousse, Hans L. , Ben Butler: The South Called Him Beast. New York: Octagon Books, 1957.

Waitt, Robert W. Libby Prison. Richmond: Richmond Civil War Centennial Committee, n. d.

West, Richard S., Lincolnís Scapegoat General. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1965.

Page last updated on 02/12/2008