Libby Prison

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 :: Libby Prison ::
Information about Libby Prison in Richmond, VA during the Civil War.

Located at the southeast corner of 20th St. and Cary St. Used almost exclusively for officers, though it was also the receiving depot for prisoners through Richmond. Thus, enlisted men would come to Libby Prison, be registered as POWs, and then be transferred elsewhere (Belle Isle, Pemberton, etc). T. P. Turner, Commandant; Richard Turner, Jailor; Erasmus Ross, Clerk; A. W. Thomson, Surgeon; C. W. Coleman, Asst. Surgeon; W. S. Nowlin, Actg. Asst. Surg (7/3/1862 - 2/9/1863) [Surgeon information comes from RG 109, Ch. 6, Vol. 143, National Archives]


Images of Maj. Thomas P. Turner, commandant of Libby Prison
Images of Richard Turner, "keeper" of Libby Prison
Images of Erastus Ross, Clerk of Libby Prison
1863 photograph of Libby Prison, looking east - prison guards in formation at present arms. Taken by Rees.
1863 photograph of Libby Prison, looking south-east, corner of Cary and 20th sts. Thomas and Dick Turner are among the men in the foreground. Photo by Rees.
Variant of the above photo. Rees, 1863.
Another variant of the above photo. Rees, 1863
Engraving of view from window of Libby Prison that shows Castle Thunder.
Libby Prison, from Union Hotel, April 6, 1865. Alexander Gardner, #873
Kerr’s Tobacco Factory, on Carey and Twenty-first Streets, Richmond, used as a store house for supplies sent to Federal Prisoners and where the first Union Flag was thrown out on the morning of the third of April, 1865. Taken April 7, 1865. Alexander Gardner, #894
[Libby Prison, Cary street, looking west.] Alexander Gardner, #895
Libby Prison, looking West, on Water Street, Richmond, April 6, 1865. Alexander Gardner, #896
"Libby Prison, Richmond, Virginia." Plate 89, Gardner's Photographic Sketchbook.
Photograph of Libby prison showing corner of 20th and Cary Sts. Variant of the above shot.
Libby Prison, Richmond, Va. Published by E. & H. T. Anthony, # 2726
Libby Prison, Richmond, Va. Published by E. & H. T. Anthony, # 2727
Libby Prison, North Side, Richmond, Va. Published by E. & H. T. Anthony, # 3161
Libby Prison, Richmond, Va. Published by E. & H. T. Anthony, # 3364
Libby Prison, Richmond, Va. Published by E. & H. T. Anthony, # 3365
1865 photograph of Libby Prison from the corner of 20th and Cary, looking east.
1865 photograph showing Libby Prison and Castle Lightning; taken from across the James River.
1865 photograph of Libby Prison from Canal St., looking northeast. Taken by A. J. Russell.
1865 photograph of the NW corner of Libby Prison, showing sentinel box on the corner.
1865 photograph of Libby Prison from 20th street looking southeast.
1865 photograph of Libby Prison from 20th street looking southeast. Barrels and laundry at left.
1865 photograph of Libby Prison from the corner of 20th and Cary. Carriage at left.
1865 photograph of a commissary warehouse, Castle Lightning, and Libby Prison in the distance.
1865 stereo photograph of Libby from the empty lot between 18th & 19th, north of Cary.
1865 Sketch of Libby Prison by Alfred R. Waud.
Engraving of prisoners in windows of Libby Prison, from Century Magazine, March 1888.
Cross-section diagram of the escape tunnel, from Century Magazine, March 1888.
Overhead diagram of the escape tunnel, from Century Magazine, March 1888.
Interior view, Chickamauga Room, Second Floor.
Interior view, Commandant's Room, First Floor.
Interior view, Door in Kitchen, shows the fireplace through which the escapees gained access to the basement, First Floor.
Interior view, Streight's Room, Third Floor.
Post-war stereoview of Libby Prison by Kilburn Brothers of Littleton, N. H. (Half stereo displayed here)
Post-war stereoview of Libby Prison by Anderson & Co, Richmond, Va.
Different post-war stereoview of Libby Prison by Anderson & Co. (Half stereoview displayed here)
Post-war photograph from the canal, looking northwest.
Post-war photograph from the canal, looking northeast.
Post-war photograph from across the canal, looking straight across.
Post-war photograph from Canal street, looking northeast.
Late 19th-Century stereographs of the Libby Prison War Museum in Chicago, IL.

Written Accounts

Rules and Regulations of the C. S. Military Prisons, 1863(?). Signed by Thomas P. Turner. National Archives, RG249.

The Libby Chronicle, wartime newspaper printed by the inmates of Libby in 1863

"Walls that Talk"; list of names carved on the walls of Libby Prison. Published by R. E. Lee Camp, No. 1, C. V., 1884.

Bibliography of material concerning Libby Prison (extensive).

Bartholf, Howard. Significant Dates in the History of Libby Prison.

Waitt, Robert W. "Libby Prison." Official Publication #12, Richmond Civil War Centennial Committee, 1961- 1965

Summary of Libby & Son file, M346, National Archives. This describes monies paid by the Confederate Government to Libby & Son, including purchases of supplies for James River obstructions, and rent paid for Libby Prison.

Richmond Enquirer 10/21/1851; John Enders, builder of many Richmond warehouses (including the one that became Libby Prison), has died in a fall
Mutual Assurance insurance policy 11/20/1858; Mutual Assurance insurance policy for the buildings that became Libby Prison , taken out by George S. and Sarah J. Palmer for $16,000, with sketch of the property
Richmond Dispatch 3/11/1861; partnership of Libby and Burton is dissolved – Libby and Son to take its’ place at 20th and Cary.
Richmond Enquirer 5/3/1861; list of southern cadets who have left West Point, as well as those who refused to take the oath and resigned. Pelham and T. P. Turner are amongst the number
Richmond Dispatch 5/8/1861; recruiting rendezvous for Navy is at the warehouse of Libby & Son
Richmond Dispatch 5/9/1861; fire burns down building adjacent to Libby & Son's ship chandlery (later Libby Prison), which is saved by great exertions by firemen
Richmond Dispatch 5/10/1861; attempt to burn down Libby & Son's warehouse (later Libby Prison)
Richmond Dispatch 5/10/1861; Sailors are being recruited at the "Naval Rendezvous" which is in Libby & Son's warehouse (later Libby Prison)
Richmond Dispatch 5/11/1861; building adjacent to Libby & Son's warehouse is still burning
Richmond Enquirer 5/15/1861; destructive fire at 20th and Cary streets; Libby & Son building narrowly escapes
Richmond Dispatch 6/27/1861; advertisement that the warehouse of L. Libby & Son is available for storage - says it could store 20,000 bushels of wheat or corn
Richmond Dispatch 7/23/1861; report of the city committee to deal with wounded from the Battle of First Manassas. Drs. McCaw and Hancock (amongst others) are to go to Manassas, while Luther Libby and George S. Palmer (amongst others) are on a committee to procure accommodations.
Richmond Enquirer 9/27/1861; description of the Bethel Church Sunday school (20th and Cary streets)
Richmond Dispatch 10/1/1861; Adv. from Libby & Son - warehouse can store 20,000 bushels of wheat or 550 hhd tobacco
Summary of Libby & Son file, M346, National Archives.  10/5/1861; $7.55 worth of supplies purchased from Libby & Son
Richmond Dispatch 10/7/1861; Geo. S. Palmer renting out "two large warehouses fronting on Water and Cary streets, between 20th and 21st streets." (later Libby Prison)
Richmond Dispatch 10/18/1861; marriage notice - Mr. Thos. P. Turner marries India N. Wilson, 10/15/61 at Branch's Baptist Church,  Chestfld Co.
Richmond Dispatch 11/6/1861; active lumber yard at corner 21st & Dock
Richmond Dispatch 11/12/1861; Adv. from Libby & Son for new sales items - tar, turpentine, etc
Richmond Dispatch 11/13/1861; rent notice by Geo. S. Palmer, for 2 warehouses fronting on Cary & Dock Sts
Richmond Dispatch 11/14/1861; rent notice for Libby & Son's warehouse
Richmond Dispatch 12/11/1861; Adv from Libby & Son for recently received goods – selling tar, turpentine, etc.
Richmond Dispatch 1/3/1862; Geo. S. Palmer adv warehouse for rent, fronting Cary and Dock - possibly one of the Libby Prison buildings.
Richmond Dispatch 1/14/1862; Luther Libby adv for cook, washer, ironer - apparently for personal use
Richmond Dispatch 1/16/1862; Libby & Son adv for rope for sale
Richmond Dispatch 1/29/1862; Libby & Son advertise that they have tar, rosin, and lime
Richmond Dispatch 1/29/1862; Libby & Son adv for roe herrings for sale, 20th & Cary
Richmond Dispatch 1/30/1862; rent notice, 2 large warehouse, fronting Cary & Dock, between 19-20 st
Richmond Dispatch 2/6/1862; Jas. M. Taylor in court. Walls of his bldg, corner 20th & Cary “in a dangerous condition”
Richmond Enquirer 3/6/1862; Charles Palmer and others arrested on charges of disloyalty and locked up in Castle Godwin
Richmond Dispatch 3/7/1862; Union prisoners will soon be moved to "Libby's buildings"
Summary of Libby & Son file, M346, National Archives.  3/11/1862; $43.65 paid for 118 ½ lb tarred rope for James River obstructions and transportation to Rocketts.
Richmond Dispatch 3/13/1862; commissioners conducting vote on new Constitution include Luther Libby, R. R. Howison, G. A. Myers.
Summary of Libby & Son file, M346, National Archives.  3/20/1862; $22.75 paid for barrels of Tar, Resin, and Oakum(?) for use in James River Obstructions and transportation of same to Rocketts.
Richmond Dispatch 3/21/1862; nice details on G. W. Alexander raid, 17th & Cary. Lts. Turner, Emack & Semple assisted. Arrested every male on the block – 89 in all.
Summary of Libby & Son file, M346, National Archives.  3/22/1862; $201.05 paid for a 500 lb Russia rope for use in James River Obstructions and transportation of same to Rocketts.
Richmond Dispatch 3/25/1862; Lt. George Emack adv for lost cape
Richmond Dispatch 3/27/1862; 500 Yankee prisoners transferred to Libby & Son’s warehouses
Richmond Dispatch 3/28/1862; local barman leaps from 3rd floor of Libby – broken skull & compound fractures of all four limbs!
Richmond Dispatch 3/28/1862; body of soldier “rose to surface” at Dock, 20th St.
Richmond Dispatch 3/29/1862; Castle Godwin takes Libby Prison overflow (more than 700 at Libby)
Richmond Dispatch 3/31/1862; excellent description of Libby Prison, describes good food and hospital
Summary of Libby & Son file, M346, National Archives.  4/2/1862; $41.50 paid for barrels of Tar, Resin, and Oakum(?) for use in James River Obstructions and transportation of same to Rocketts.
Richmond Dispatch 4/5/1862; Lt. Semple removes CS soldiers from City Jail and sends them back to their regiments
Richmond Dispatch 4/7/1862; man who leaped from 3rd floor of CS Military Prison (Libby Prison) is dead
Richmond Dispatch 4/8/1862; T. P. Turner and G. W. Alexander make dawn raid on bars, Cary between 17th and 18th.
Richmond Dispatch 4/9/1862; 22 more Yankee POWs arrive, 724 prisoners total - # by category
Richmond Dispatch 4/9/1862; statistics of Libby Prison - currently 724 prisoners there
Richmond Dispatch

4/10/1862; List of the staff at Libby Prison [Turner, Emack, Warner, Higginbotham, Ross]. Also names officers commanding the guard. Notes that there were 724 inmates there yesterday, and more are coming in.

Richmond Dispatch 4/18/1862; list of new Yankee POWs at the “Confederate States Military Prison” (Libby Prison)
Richmond Dispatch 4/19/1862; boy drowns in canal near Libby Prison; prisoner tried to save him, but was denied.
Richmond Enquirer 4/19/1862; man drowns in the canal at the foot of twentieth street - taken to Dr. Higginbotham at the "Confederate prison in the vicinity", too late to save him
Richmond Whig 4/19/1862; little boy of John M. Francisco, clerk at Libby Prison, falls into the canal and drowns - a prisoner appeals to be allowed to go save the boy but is denied
Richmond Dispatch 4/21/1862; 2 wounded POWs from the 3rd Vermont brought to “Confederate States Hospital.”
Richmond Dispatch 4/23/1862; list of recently arrived POWs for Libby
Richmond Dispatch 4/25/1862; Long list of POWs arrived at Libby Prison, 4/23
Richmond Dispatch 4/26/1862; some CSA soldiers sent back to units from Libby Prison
Richmond Examiner 4/26/1862; sick prisoners in Libby
Richmond Dispatch 4/28/1862; two prostitutes arrested outside Libby Prison and confined in Libby for the night
Richmond Dispatch 4/28/1862; soldier of the 21st MI loitering about the "C. S. Military Prisons" [Libby Prison] is taken into custody, assaults "Mr. Ross, clerk of the prison" and Lieut. Turner "who has charge of the prison" sends him to the Provost Marshal. Man attempts to escape, shot at 19th & Cary, rear of Quaker Meeting House, taken to Libby Prison, where he dies
Richmond Dispatch 5/1/1862; 13 new POWs for Libby - 7 of them disloyal citizens of Bath Co.
Richmond Dispatch 5/2/1862; Winder preparing to parole all enlisted POWs in city
Richmond Dispatch 5/6/1862; 3 POWs arrive from Valley - sent to Libby
Richmond Dispatch 5/7/1862; Pa. POW (one) brought to Libby from Valley
Richmond Dispatch 5/9/1862; 319 POWs arrive at Libby from Williamsburg, escorted by R. A. Caskie
Richmond Dispatch 5/9/1862; list of other miscellaneous Yankees brought to Libby
Richmond Enquirer 5/9/1862; 319 prisoners arrive from Williamsburg - 300 more on the way. All were put in the Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 5/9/1862; 320 POWs [officers named] arrive from Williamsburg and are taken to “Libby’s building.”
Richmond Enquirer 5/10/1862; notes on the Federal officers among the Williamsburg prisoners
Richmond Dispatch 5/12/1862; Libby so crowded, Secretary of War authorizes use of Crew & Pemberton
Richmond Dispatch 5/12/1862; T. P. Turner and Jackson Warner escort 860 Yankee POWs to Newport News. No officers included.
Richmond Enquirer 5/12/1862; nearly 1200 prisoners are now in Richmond - 860 privates paroled and sent off, under charge of Major Warner and Lt. Turner
Richmond Dispatch 5/14/1862; 7 POWs from Valley placed in Libby, including a Colonel
Richmond Dispatch

5/14/1862; description of the exchange of 860 prisoners from “Libby’s and other factories;” Lieut. Turner escorts them down and encounters the Monitor, Galena and Steven’s Battery on their way to Richmond. On the way back up, the returned prisoners were taken off the boats, and the boats (Curtis Peck, Northampton and Jamestown) scuttled in the channel to obstruct the river prior to the battle at Drewry’s Bluff

Richmond Dispatch 5/15/1862; officers from Libby Prison & “fifty of the hardest subjects” from Castle Godwin to go to Salisbury
Richmond Dispatch 5/19/1862; free negro servant of Dr. E. G. Higginbotham at Libby Prison hospital killed by sentinel
Richmond Dispatch 5/19/1862; about 45 new POWs arrive in town and taken to Libby Prison
Richmond Enquirer 5/19/1862; servant of Dr. Higginbotham shot and killed by a sentinel at Libby Prison while sweeping out the hospital
Richmond Dispatch 5/20/1862; Jackson Warner adv from Libby Prison for stolen horse
Richmond Dispatch 5/21/1862; 6 men from Ohio unit put in Libby
Richmond Enquirer 5/21/1862; 12 or 13 Yankee POWs arrive via the Danville RR, and are quartered in Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 5/26/1862; paragraph reminds readers of Emack’s recruiting for Md. Line
Richmond Dispatch 5/29/1862; details on a few of the latest Libby POWs
Richmond Dispatch 6/2/1862; About 50 new POWs from Seven Pines. Officers listed. Dr. Higginbotham mentioned.
Richmond Dispatch 6/3/1862; 2 Yankee officers among new batch of POWs
Richmond Dispatch 6/4/1862; 560 POWs sent away on 6/3
Richmond Dispatch 6/5/1862; 3 officers captured at Corinth are brought to Libby
Richmond Dispatch 6/5/1862; List of 21 POWs at Castle Godwin to be sent South. Also now 130 traitors in Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 6/6/1862; 139 wounded POWs at CS Hospital Cary St. Many others at Seabrook’s
Richmond Dispatch 6/7/1862; frame work of Mayo Bridge threatened by flooding; flood produced 2 ft water in basement of Libby Prison & CS Machine Ship (Talbott’s) had 3-4 feet.
Richmond Dispatch 6/7/1862; CSS Teaser anchored at foot of 21st St.
Richmond Dispatch 6/10/1862; A. C. Godwin memo to J. H. Winder regarding 2 POWs chosen as hostages
Richmond Whig

6/10/1862; Godwin announces the names of two captains in the “Confederate States Military Prison” [Libby Prison] to be held as hostages in retaliation for two Confederate captains

Richmond Dispatch 6/13/1862; POW from 73NY brought in
Richmond Dispatch 6/14/1862; 15 POWs arrive at Libby from Valley
Richmond Dispatch 6/16/1862; 158 prisoners arrive at Libby, plus 8 slave. All caught by JEB Stuart. Mr. Braxton Garlick of New Kent county identified several of slaves as his
Richmond Whig 6/16/1862; 160 prisoners captured by Gen. Stuart are brought to "the Libby prison"
Richmond Dispatch 6/18/1862; 11 POWs arrive for Libby
Richmond Dispatch 6/20/1862; 11 POWs brought to Libby
Richmond Dispatch 6/21/1862; 5 POWs arrive
Richmond Examiner 6/21/1862; four prisoners arrive at Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 6/23/1862; 2nd class juvenile militia company guarding Libby Prison stages mutiny
Richmond Dispatch 6/23/1862; 1 Yankee POW brought to Libby; several 15Va men jailed for various offenses
Richmond Examiner 6/23/1862; account of refusal of the guard at Libby Prison to do duty there
Richmond Dispatch

6/25/1862; Eight POWs arrive. One named

Richmond Whig

6/28/1862; 30 prisoners brought to Libby Prison – lists regiments

Richmond Dispatch 6/30/1862; Long list of POWs arriving in town, all officers, about 75 names
Richmond Dispatch 7/1/1862; "Libby buildings" are insufficient to hold the influx of Union prisoners - new prison being fitted up on 18th street (probably Smith's)
Richmond Dispatch 7/1/1862; $1200 in counterfeit C. S. notes found in Libby Prison; Gen. Winder has declared possession of bogus notes a criminal offense.
Richmond Dispatch 7/1/1862; 271 POWs arrive at Libby. Some of the officers named
Richmond Dispatch 7/2/1862; nearly 1000 POWs arrived on 7/1. Some officers named. McCall at Spotswood – paroled to stay in city. He will be moved to “the quarters now being prepared on 18th street” when they are ready for “all the abolition officers”
Richmond Examiner 7/2/1862; list of prisons in use at Richmond, including Libby and others
Richmond Dispatch

7/3/1862; more than 4000 POWs in town – names of a few recent prisoners

Richmond Dispatch 7/4/1862; 425 more POWs arrive in town
Richmond Dispatch 7/5/1862; Federal officers moved from Libby to Smith & McCurdy's warehouse
Richmond Dispatch 7/5/1862; 250 POWs arrive in city, 7/4
Summary of Libby & Son file, M346, National Archives.  7/6/1862; $100.00 paid for “one month’s rent of warehouse, cor 20th & Cary Sts; $1200 p/a (per annum).” Note below: “This factory is used as a C. S. Military Prison.” Signed by Th. P. Turner, Capt. Commanding.
Richmond Dispatch 7/7/1862; 30 POWs arrive 7/6
Richmond Examiner 7/7/1862; many Yankees brought to the "hospital on Cary, near Twentieth street"
Richmond Dispatch 7/8/1862; excellent details on Richmond prisons: Libby, Barrett's, Greanor & Palmer's factories, Officer's prison on 18th street.
Richmond Dispatch 7/8/1862; 200 wounded POWs arrive in Richmond from Haxall’s Landing. Officers listed
Richmond Dispatch 7/8/1862; Yankee preacher named Reed brought in from Savage’s, to Libby
Richmond Dispatch 7/8/1862; Paragraph on the cost of feeding Union prisoners: $2500 per day - R. B. Wilson is Jackson Warner’s Asst. as prison commissary
Richmond Dispatch 7/10/1862; 67 POWs arrived 7/9. List of 12 members of Pittsburgh Sanitary Commission, brought from Savage’s to Libby, 7/9
Richmond Dispatch 7/11/1862; 35 POWs arrive on 7/10. Said to be 500 sick and wounded at Frayser’s Farm
Richmond Enquirer 7/11/1862; 5300 prisoners at Libby & Belle Isle
Richmond Examiner 7/12/1862; cots are being made for Union wounded at Libby Prison; says that many prisoners will soon be sent to Belle Isle
Richmond Dispatch 7/14/1862; 164 POWs arrived in city 7/12/1862 – officers listed
Richmond Enquirer 7/14/1862; number now registered at the Libby Prison exceeds 6000
Richmond Examiner 7/14/1862; prisoners have been sent to Belle Isle, officers are confined in Crenshaw warehouse (within Tredegar Iron Works); account of letters sent from Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 7/16/1862; 14 wounded Yankees have died at Libby Prison hospital
Richmond Dispatch 7/16/1862; list of wounded POWs brought in from Savage’s. Libby Hospital too full. Had to spend night at RYRRR depot
Richmond Dispatch 7/19/1862; 5,000 prisoners on Belle Isle; Libby Prison mentioned
Richmond Dispatch 7/19/1862; List of Yankee officers sent north on 7/18
Richmond Enquirer 7/19/1862; 8000 (probably 9000) prisoners are in Richmond - 3000 at Libby, 5000 at Belle Isle
Richmond Dispatch 7/21/1862; 500 WIA/POWs to be sent off on 7/19, but insufficient transportation for all to go
Richmond Dispatch 7/21/1862; E. G. Higginbotham, at “Randolph Hospital” adv for Druggist, Matron, Steward, Nurses, Laundresses and Cooks.
Richmond Examiner 7/22/1862; prisoners at Libby sent to Belle Isle; there are 4,700 there now. Wounded prisoners (1,000) remain at Libby
Philadelphia Press 7/22/1862; lists of Pennsylvania prisoners in Richmond; describes prison of Reynold and McCall
Richmond Dispatch 7/22/1862; 500 POWs expected to be sent North on 7/22
Richmond Dispatch 7/22/1862; 3 negroes supposed to be working at Drury’s Bluff caught near Chickahominy and put in Libby. One belonged to Dr. Pollard of Hanover Co.
Richmond Examiner 7/23/1862; Libby Prison has become a hospital for sick prisoners; well prisoners are at Belle Isle. Lt. Turner is in charge
Pittsburgh Gazette 7/23/1862; List of Pennsylvania soldiers in Richmond prisons
Richmond Dispatch 7/25/1862; 600 Yankee prisoners to be exchanged from Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 7/26/1862; Yankee prisoners being sent off; in the future, all prisoners will be concentrated at Libby Prison to await exchange
Richmond Dispatch 7/28/1862; 1100 WIA POWs sent away over the weekend. 300 more arrive from Savage’s. Talbott & Bonn’s Factory, 18th Street, still has officers. Other factory prisons now empty. Libby will soon be empty
Richmond Dispatch 7/30/1862; 800 Yankees to be sent away on 7/31
Richmond Dispatch 8/1/1862; Sick Belle Isle prisoners have been taken to Libby, preparatory to exchange
Richmond Dispatch 8/2/1862; sick and wounded Yankees in prison at the “corner of 2d and Cary streets” not yet sent to City Point [this is probably a typo, and refers to Libby Prison at the corner of 20th and Cary]
Shippensburg (PA) News 8/2/1862; early set of letters from Libby Prison, relates especially impressions of the exchange system and his relatively short stay in prison.
Richmond Dispatch 8/4/1862; 600 Yankees have been exchanged, including women from Castle Thunder; the sickest men from Belle Isle and Libby are sent first; 4,100 remain on Belle Isle, and 400 at Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 8/5/1862; prisoners from Talbott & Bonn's factory (including Reynolds & McCall) have been removed to Libby Prison, due to an escape at the former place
Richmond Dispatch 8/5/1862; names of 4 new Yankee POWs
Summary of Libby & Son file, M346, National Archives.  8/6/1862; $100.00 paid for “one month’s rent of warehouse, cor 20th & Cary Sts used as a prison.” Signed by Th. P. Turner, Capt. Commanding.
Richmond Dispatch 8/7/1862; escaped prisoners from officers' prison on 18th street have been recaptured
Richmond Dispatch 8/8/1862; 96 new prisoners arrive at Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 8/8/1862; two Yankee officers who recently were recaptured after an escape attempt, are under close confinement; other escapees with them have just been recaptured
Richmond Dispatch 8/9/1862; Federal officers now in Richmond will be exchanged soon, including Col. Corcoran (being transported from Lynchburg)
Richmond Dispatch 8/9/1862; Yankee prisoners, captured at Malvern hill, have been taken to Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 8/9/1862; prisoners from Lynchburg are arriving in Richmond, preparatory to exchange
Richmond Dispatch 8/12/1862; 140 Federal officers, including McCall, Reynolds, and Rankin have been sent off by flag of truce
Richmond Dispatch 8/12/1862; prisoners from Pope's army, including General Prince,  have arrived at Libby Prison. They are not to be treated as prisoners of war
Richmond Enquirer 8/12/1862; General Prince and other prisoners from South Mountain, arrive at Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 8/12/1862; 302 prisoners, including Gen. Prince, arrive and are taken to Libby Prison, not to be treated as prisoners of war, as they were under Pope’s command.
Richmond Dispatch 8/13/1862; Description of the exchange of 140 officers, including Reynolds, McCall & Rankin
Richmond Dispatch 8/14/1862; 125 POWs from Pope’s army arrive – enlisted men put on Belle Isle. Officers not treated as prisoners of war.
Richmond Dispatch 8/14/1862; Salisbury prisoners, including Col. Corcoran and Wilcox are arriving, and the citizen prisoners have been moved to Libby from Belle Isle to accommodate them
Richmond Dispatch 8/15/1862; 3 Yankee deserters put in Libby
Richmond Dispatch 8/15/1862; Cols. Wilcox and Corcoran have arrived from Salisbury and are quartered at Libby preparatory to exchange. Enlisted men are on Belle Isle
Richmond Dispatch 8/16/1862; Corcoran, Willcox & others exchanged 8/15
Richmond Dispatch 8/18/1862; the last of the Salisbury prisoners have arrived in Richmond, preparatory to exchange
Richmond Dispatch 8/18/1862; details on the recent exchange of Union officers at Varina. Some of the officers named. Lt. T. P. Turner in charge.
Richmond Dispatch 8/19/1862; there are now 39 officers from Pope's army in Libby, not subject to treatment as prisoners of war
Richmond Dispatch 8/20/1862; Lt. Thomas P. Turner (commandant of Libby Prison) has been sent to Lynchburg, Captain Henry Wirz will succeed him in command
Richmond Dispatch 8/21/1862; few prisoners have arrived at Libby Prison; it now contains 500 men
Richmond Dispatch 8/21/1862; description of the staff at Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 8/22/1862; C. S. deserters have been moved to Castle Thunder from Libby Prison - now Libby has only Yankee prisoners
Richmond Dispatch 8/22/1862; guards for Castle Thunder and Libby Prison are quartered at the Friends' Meeting House, corner of 19th and Cary streets
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. IV, p. 865 8/27/1862; Henry Wirz has been appointed to command Richmond Prisons; issues orders to Norris Montgomery, cmdg Belle Isle, to furnish updated lists of prisoners
RG 109, Ch. 6, Vol. 199.5, p. 15 8/28/1862; Wirz notes on the sparse armament for the guard at Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 8/29/1862; 332 POWs arrive and taken to Libby - officers listed
Richmond Whig 8/29/1862; 357 prisoners captured by Gen. Stuart arrive at “Libby’s prison”
Richmond Dispatch 9/1/1862; 60 POWs arrive at Central depot
Richmond Whig

9/1/1862; “60 Yankee prisoners” arrive at Libby Prison, and are witnessed by “a large crowd”

Richmond Dispatch 9/3/1862; 8 Yankee POWs arrive. No officers. 2,000 more soon to arrive.
Richmond Dispatch 9/4/1862; 60 POWs arrive – 8 officers. Clerks are busy on Belle Isle preparing lists for exchange.
Richmond Dispatch 9/5/1862; list of Yankee officer POWs who arrive yesterday
Summary of Libby & Son file, M346, National Archives.  9/6/1862; $100.00 paid for “one month’s rent of warehouse used as a prison. $1200.00 per year. Cor 20th & Cary St.”
Richmond Dispatch 9/6/1862; prisoner shot by guard at Libby Prison; guard put in Castle Thunder
Richmond Dispatch 9/6/1862; There are 58 officers from Pope's army in Libby Prison - they are not treated as prisoners of war
RG 109, Ch. 6, Vol. 199.5, p. 19 9/7/1862; Wirz orders Capt. Elliot, of the City Battalion, to send 20 guards to Libby Prison, in order to conduct prisoners to Belle Isle
Richmond Dispatch 9/8/1862; 500 prisoners paroled (400 from Belle Isle, 100 from Libby), guarded by men from Camp Lee
Richmond Dispatch 9/8/1862; list of about 60 officers recently arrived at Libby Prison from Manassas
Richmond Dispatch 9/11/1862; 26 POWs arrive, plus laundress of 26 Pa., who was sent to Castle Thunder
Richmond Dispatch 9/12/1862; list of commissioned officers POW at Williamsburg & arrived at Richmond. Two “vivandiers” also caught & put into Castle Thunder
Richmond Dispatch 9/12/1862; list of 33 officers from Pope’s army lodged in Libby on 9/11
Richmond Dispatch 9/12/1862; General Winder orders more detailed descriptive lists of prisoners
Richmond Dispatch 9/12/1862; Libby presently has 31 Northern free negroes & 16 slaves
Richmond Dispatch 9/13/1862; 8 full companies of Marylanders formed in the city. Those of Emack, Smith, Murray & Crane have left to join Stonewall Jackson, others ready to go
Richmond Dispatch 9/13/1862; All 5912 Yankee POWs to be exchanged soon. About 3000 to leave today
Richmond Dispatch 9/15/1862; 3,300 prisoners, including 61 officers, have been exchanged at Aiken's Landing. Some of the prisoners were women and deserters held in Castle Thunder
Richmond Dispatch 9/15/1862; 41 inmates arrive yesterday at Castle Thunder, 10 at Libby
Richmond Dispatch 9/16/1862; two more of Pope's officers have been confined at Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 9/18/1862; 250 of 600 Yankees in Richmond to be sent away on exchange today. Officers listed
Richmond Dispatch 9/23/1862; Young man wanted to “assist” at Dibrell’s Warehouse, corner of Cary and 21st.
Richmond Dispatch 9/24/1862; 360 federal prisoners in Libby Prison; more arriving 
Richmond Dispatch 9/24/1862; Pope's officers, including General Prince, will be paroled today from Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 9/24/1862; Pope's officers, including General Prince, will be paroled today from Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 9/25/1862; 150 POWs sent to Aiken’s Landing on 9/24
Richmond Dispatch 9/26/1862; Capt. Henry Wirz has been sent south to forward all remaining POWs to Richmond to be exchanged, and get records on paroled prisoners
Richmond Dispatch 9/27/1862; 150 POWs to be sent to Aiken’s Landing, probably today. 500 more POWs to arrive soon from Gordonsville, and if they arrive in time, may be exchanged
Richmond Dispatch 9/27/1862; 21 POWs taken in NC and brought to Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 9/29/1862; more on Wirz's mission south, and estimates there are 5,000-6,000 remaining Yankee prisoners throughout the South
Richmond Dispatch 9/29/1862; 429 POWs arrive 9/28 – nine officers
Richmond Dispatch 9/29/1862; 67 POWs arrive from Tennessee
Richmond Enquirer 9/29/1862; man charged with operating a "disorderly house" near Dr. Higginbotham's Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 9/30/1862; 500 Yankees to go to Varina this week, including many from the Libby Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 9/30/1862; list of recently arrived POW officers
Richmond Dispatch 9/30/1862; enormous list from Winder of “negroes now confined in the Military Prisons, in Richmond” – where from, who owned by (if slave)
Richmond Dispatch 10/1/1862; 150 new prisoners at Libby, arrived from Charleston
Richmond Dispatch 10/2/1862; 98 captured negroes in Libby – 46 slave, 52 Northern/free, travelling with AoP
William A. Carrington CSR (M331) (no. 16) 10/3/1862; inspection report for Castle Thunder Hospital and Libby Prison Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 10/4/1862; Henry Wirz on special POW duty in south. Capt. Thomas D. Jeffress, 56th Va., in temporary command at Libby
Summary of Libby & Son file, M346, National Archives.  10/6/1862; $100.00 paid for “one month’s rent of factory, Corner 20th & Cary Sts from Sept 6th to date.” Signed by Th. P. Turner, Capt. Commanding.
Richmond Dispatch 10/7/1862; 735 USA prisoners sent from Libby for exchange, leaving 212. The prison hospital, lately at Palmer’s factory, will be moved “back to the west end of the Libby building.”
Richmond Dispatch 10/8/1862; Mr. Wood, keeper of Old Capitol Prison in Washington, arrives in Richmond to negotiate for prisoners; 243 “political or civil” prisoners now in Libby
Richmond Dispatch 10/8/1862; Castle Thunder hospital closed 10/7 & 60 plus patients there moved to Libby
Richmond Dispatch 10/9/1862; two Federal generals, captured at Shiloh, as well as 1200 soldiers and 214 officers are expected in Richmond soon
Richmond Dispatch 10/10/1862; auction of condemned tents to be held in front of Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 10/13/1862; flag of truce left Libby for Varina, with many officers captured at Shiloh - total number of exchanged officers and men: 393
Richmond Dispatch 10/16/1862; 540 Yankee POWs from Tennessee arrive 10/15 – quartered at Libby
Richmond Dispatch 10/16/1862; 4 Yankee POWs, 1st Md. Cavy, arrive. Wanted for war crimes in Valley.
Richmond Dispatch 10/17/1862; 9th Pa. Cavalry Colonel moved from Libby to Castle Thunder – under accusations of bad behavior in Tennessee. Also 17 deserters arrived there from South & 4 1st Md. (US) Cavalry charged with murder
Richmond Dispatch 10/20/1862; 630 POWs sent away 10/19 by flag of truce
Richmond Dispatch 10/21/1862; 30 disloyal Tennesseans lodged at Libby – sent to Varina yesterday
Richmond Dispatch 10/21/1862; 55 men, soldiers & civilian, captured by JEB Stuart, arrived for Libby
Richmond Dispatch 10/23/1862; 24 POWs captured at Haymarket arrive at Libby
Richmond Dispatch 10/23/1862; 60 citizen prisoners in Libby Prison will be sent North. More civilian prisoners are on their way from Salisbury, N. C.
Richmond Dispatch 10/23/1862; T. P. Turner has been promoted to Captain and will return to be commandant of Libby Prison. In the meantime, Capt. Alexander will command both Libby and Castle Thunder
Richmond Dispatch 10/23/1862; Confederate deserters, confined in Libby Prison hospital, escaped 
Richmond Dispatch 10/27/1862; two Yankee soldiers moved from Libby to Castle Thunder, to be tried as spies
Richmond Dispatch 10/27/1862; Lt. 5PaCav only new POW at Libby
Richmond Dispatch 10/28/1862; 21 POWs caught at Catlett’s Station arrive at Libby
Richmond Dispatch 10/30/1862; 8 Yankees arrive at Libby Prison from Suffolk
Richmond Dispatch 10/31/1862; 85 POWs sent from Libby to Varina, 10/30
Richmond Dispatch 11/1/1862; 4 POWs brought to Libby. 40 from Harpers Ferry probably there, too
Richmond Dispatch 11/5/1862; interesting case of Solomon Bell, federal soldier at Libby, captured twice in past year. Wife living in Richmond, near Rocketts.
Richmond Dispatch 11/5/1862; Prisoner totals as of Nov. 4 – Libby has 224 POWs, 196 citizens, 36 Confederates, 68 Yankee deserters, 57 negroes. Total is 571. Castle Thunder – 290 total.
Richmond Dispatch 11/6/1862; 60 POWs, all 3rd R. I. Cav., arrive at Libby.
Richmond Dispatch 11/6/1862; Unidentified body fished out of dock “just below” Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 11/7/1862; 7 Federal deserters put into Libby
Richmond Enquirer 11/7/1862; two federal deserters and one prisoner lodged in Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 11/10/1862; 300 left in Libby after Lt. V. Bossieux escorts 150 to Varina.
Richmond Examiner 11/10/1862; Libby Prison items - 150 yankees paroled
Richmond Dispatch 11/11/1862; report on meeting of city citizens for shoes – J. L. Burrows, 1st Baptist Church, chairman. $4-5 thousand raised on the spot. List of committee members for various wards including Luther Libby, Wm. Greanor, Jno. R. Ballard, T. W. Hoeniger, James H. Grant, Joel B. Watkins, General J. R. Anderson & many more. One group to meet at J. R. Anderson’s home.
Richmond Dispatch 11/11/1862; List of 12 new admittances to Castle Thunder; 20 new POWs at Libby, many of them citizen prisoners.
Richmond Dispatch 11/11/1862; names of 5 cavalry POWs brought to Libby from recent Fredericksburg fight
Richmond Dispatch 11/12/1862; 5 POWs arrive from Fredericksburg – presumably into Libby
Richmond Dispatch 11/12/1862; 31 POWs arrive at  Libby, 21 of them USN. Also deserter from Wheat’s Bn. put into Castle Thunder.
Richmond Dispatch 11/12/1862; Luther Libby chairman of Shoes Campaign for Jefferson Ward; Wm. Greanor and Cornelius Crew are also mentioned
Richmond Dispatch 11/14/1862; 5 new POWs put into Libby on 11/13
Richmond Dispatch 11/14/1862; L. L. Moore adv for his planning mill, corner 19th and Cary
Richmond Dispatch 11/15/1862; 11 Yankee POWs arrive at Libby from Gaines’ Crossroads
Richmond Dispatch 11/17/1862; Libby adds 11 POWs on 11/14 and 27 on 11/15
Richmond Enquirer 11/17/1862; Federal deserters put in Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 11/18/1862; 110 new POWs at Libby, escorted by Lt. Blackstone, White’s Cavalry
RG 109, Ch. 9, Vol. 199.5, p. 32 11/18/1862; "stupid sentinel" at Libby Prison is caught allowing trading with the prisoners to go on
Richmond Whig 11/18/1862; 110 prisoners brought to Richmond on the Central railroad along with a “number of sutlers”
Richmond Dispatch 11/19/1862; 20 new POWs at Libby, current total approx. 500
Richmond Dispatch 11/19/1862; list of new Castle Thunder inmates and their offenses including a gang of women transferred in from Libby. Sentinel also shot at Castle Thunder prisoners, missed.
RG 109, Ch. 9, Vol. 199.5, p. 33 11/19/1862; T. P. Turner enlists the help of G. W. Alexander to catch an escaped Libby prisoner. E. Ross signs as clerk
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. IV, pp. 741-742 11/20/1862; Details on certain prisoners
Richmond Dispatch 11/20/1862; 7 new POWs at Libby – total there is 822, some of them women
Richmond Dispatch 11/21/1862; Ould & Ludlow agree that all future exchanges to be at City Point. 520 Yankees to leave for there this day
Richmond Dispatch 11/21/1862; 78 POWs arrived in Richmond 11/20. 71 captured in Loudoun by White’s Bn.
Richmond Dispatch 11/22/1862; 4 Yankees escape from Libby on blanket rope. Three men of 25VaBn put into Castle Thunder for negligence as guards.
Richmond Dispatch 11/22/1862; Lt. Bossieux to escort 500 POWs to City Point today
Richmond Dispatch 11/24/1862; 12 Yankee sailors arrive at Libby. Also 15 regular soldiers & 2 “Yankee negroes.”
Richmond Dispatch 11/25/1862; 17 POWs arrive
Richmond Dispatch 11/27/1862; 17 POWs arrive at Libby
Richmond Dispatch 11/28/1862; five Yankees brought to Libby from Mathews Co., captured by “Capt. Fitzhugh”
Richmond Dispatch 11/29/1862; 49 POWs arrive at Libby on 11/28
Richmond Dispatch 12/1/1862; 87 men of 3PaCav, captured by Hampton, arr. 11/30 at Libby
Richmond Dispatch 12/2/1862; list of officer POWs received lately. 104 POWs arrived 11/30 & 71 more on Dec. 1st
Richmond Dispatch 12/2/1862; Capt. Jackson Warner’s (prison commissary) horse stolen on 12th street
Richmond Dispatch 12/3/1862; 23 new NC arrivals at Castle Thunder, including one from Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 12/4/1862; prisoner named Welles died at Libby 12/3 – first in over a month
Richmond Dispatch 12/5/1862; only 2 new POWs at Libby, 12/4
Richmond Whig 12/5/1862; Union man arrives at Libby Prison from Stafford county – imprisoned in Libby as a spy
RG 109, Ch. 9, Vol. 199.5, p. 37 12/8/1862; T. P. Turner reports on employees at Libby and their salaries; Libby has a clerk, druggist, and steward
Richmond Dispatch 12/8/1862; huge list of Libby & Castle Thunder POW increases
Richmond Dispatch 12/8/1862; 51 POWs to Libby on 12/6, 21 more on 12/7
Richmond Dispatch 12/9/1862; escaped Libby prisoner arrested for something else & returned to Libby; Kile Norton, “a South Carolina darkey” employed at Castle Thunder
Richmond Dispatch 12/12/1862; Luther Libby adv for runaway slave
Richmond Dispatch 12/15/1862; Libby POW released – ex-officer on the staff of Banks.
Richmond Dispatch 12/16/1862; T. P. Turner on leave, so Libby commanded by Lt. Virginius Bossieux; City Battalion dress parade, Capital Square
Richmond Dispatch 12/18/1862; Yankee captain named A. C. Webster, WVa unit, put in Castle Thunder, on 12/17 for murder of CS prisoner in western VA
Richmond Dispatch 12/18/1862; 229 POWs arrive since Fredericksburg
Richmond Dispatch 12/18/1862; 469 POWs arrive for Libby on 12/17
Richmond Dispatch 12/18/1862; Geo. W. Hitchcock, 18th Miss. & ACS at Libby & city prisons, died 12/17 at Howard’s Grove, of smallpox
Richmond Enquirer 12/18/1862; George W. Hitchcock, Assistant quartermaster at "Libby and other prisons" dies of small pox at Howard's Grove. A North Carolinian also died at Castle Thunder of pneumonia
Richmond Enquirer 12/18/1862; up to yesterday, 299 prisoners had arrived from the Rappahannock. Yesterday, 460 more arrive
Richmond Dispatch 12/19/1862; 1050 POWs at Libby as of 12/18 – list of some recent officer POWs. 200 wounded POWs at Libby Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 12/19/1862; renewed runaway slave notice, Luther Libby
Richmond Dispatch 12/19/1862; Luther Libby adv. for white girl to do maid work
Richmond Enquirer 12/19/1862; drunken woman drowns her child near Libby Prison
Richmond Enquirer 12/19/1862; list of captured Yankee officers from Fredericksburg put in Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 12/20/1862; 109 POWs arrive in Richmond, 12/19
Richmond Enquirer 12/24/1862; 180 prisoners brought to Libby - they were the guard of a wagon train captured by Hampton near Dumfries
Richmond Enquirer 12/31/1862; of the 200 wounded prisoners in the Libby hospital, only 25 have died
Richmond Dispatch 1/5/1863; Gen Winder is renting a warehouse near Libby to accommodate influx of prisoners - 1600 in Libby now
Summary of Libby & Son file, M346, National Archives.  1/6/1863; $300.00 paid for “3 months rent of building on Cor. Cary & 20th Sts from Oct. 6th to date @ 100.00 per mo[nth].”
Richmond Enquirer 1/6/1863; 30 more prisoners arrive at Libby
Eleanor S. Brockenbrough Library, MoC 1/7/1863; guard roster for Libby Prison
RG 109, Ch. 9, Vol. 199.5, p. 50 1/13/1863; T. P. Turner is ordered to be on a board of inquiry to investigate an escape from Castle Thunder
Richmond Dispatch 1/17/1863; 1600 prisoners arrive from the western theater; notes the number of prisoners in the following prisons: Mayo's factory, prison opposite Castle Thunder, and Libby Prison
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. V, pp. 832-833 2/13/1863; report and inventory of care package sent to prisoners in the prison hospital.

RG 109, Ch. 9, Vol. 199½, p. 68

2/15/1863; Letter from T. P. Turner, commanding Libby Prison, requesting that Van Lew stop providing meals for a certain prisoner

RG 109, Ch. 9, Vol. 199½, p. 68

2/17/1863; nine negroes have escaped from Libby Prison - they had been used as laborers around the prison
Richmond Examiner 3/14/1863; Libby Prison items; gives details of the capture of Brig. Gen. E. H. Stoughton, at Fairfax Court House
Richmond Sentinel 3/23/1863; Danville RR cars bring in over 1000 prisoners, some officers named. At present, there are 180 officers in Libby Prison
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. V, pp. 386-387 3/23/1863; Testimony of General Reynolds after his capture at Gaines' Mill
Richmond Examiner 4/1/1863; 815 Yankee prisoners have been paroled from Libby Prison
Richmond Examiner 4/1/1863; eight prisoners, including six Yankee deserters, are registered at Libby, from Weldon, N. C.
Richmond Examiner 4/4/1863; reaction to a former Libby prisoner's writings
Richmond Examiner 4/4/1863; captured United States flags are stored at Libby Prison
Richmond Examiner 4/6/1863; the Richmond City Battalion (25th Bn VA Inf) is understood to be leaving the city for active service due to unsavory types infesting its ranks
Richmond Examiner 4/8/1863; many prisoners have arrived at Libby Prison; a flag of truce exchanged prisoners yesterday
Richmond Examiner 4/8/1863; two Yankee POWs, who had taken an oath of allegiance to the CSA, attempted to escape back to Union lines and were recaptured and sent to Libby, then to Castle Thunder
Richmond Dispatch 4/24/1863; 11 prisoners arrive at Libby; 200 officers confined there
Richmond Dispatch 4/30/1863; 39 prisoners arrive at Libby Prison, including one Lieutenant and one Surgeon
Richmond Dispatch 5/1/1863; prison items; notes on Castle Thunder and Libby Prison recent arrivals
Richmond Dispatch 5/2/1863; more Yankee prisoners have arrived in Libby Prison, including a correspondent for the New York Herald (Vosburg)
Richmond Dispatch 5/2/1863; City Battalion (25th Va Battn) parades behind Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 5/4/1863; more Yankees arrive at Libby Prison; all officers and men will be exchanged tomorrow
Richmond Dispatch 5/5/1863; 550 Yankee prisoners (including 2 generals) will be exchanged today from Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 5/6/1863; more prisoners have arrived at Libby Prison; 219 officers and 303 men were exchanged yesterday
Richmond Sentinel 5/6/1863; prisoners arrive at Castle Thunder and Libby Prison; 554 prisoner sent by flag of truce to City Point; Libby now has very few inmates "except political prisoners"
Richmond Dispatch 5/8/1863; description of the imprisonment (in Libby Prison) and diplomatic flap surrounding Baron Rudolph Wardener, an Austrian citizen
Richmond Dispatch 5/8/1863; more prisoners arrive at Libby Prison, including BG Hayes and thousands more await transportation to Richmond
New York Herald 5/9/1863; captured correspondent (Vosberg) for the Herald gives a detailed description of life inside Libby Prison
Richmond Sentinel 5/9/1863; Gen. Hays and others arrive at Libby prison, which has been white-washed and cleaned to accommodate them
Richmond Examiner 5/11/1863; Castle Thunder admittees; 1300 Yankees arrived at Libby yesterday - if this rate keeps up, Belle Isle will be re-opened
Richmond Sentinel 5/11/1863; huge arrival of Yankee prisoners at Libby - line stretches through the city
Richmond Dispatch 5/14/1863; over 7,000 prisoners from Libby Prison and Belle Isle have been exchanged
Richmond Examiner 5/14/1863; prisoners at Libby and Belle Isle are being paroled
Richmond Examiner 5/16/1863; Polish soldiers in Libby Prison
Richmond Sentinel 5/18/1863; 882 Yankee prisoners arrive; there are now 242 officers in Libby Prison
Richmond Examiner 5/21/1863; 764 Yankee prisoners in Richmond, including 250 officers
Richmond Examiner 5/21/1863; large, new Confederate flag is being flown over Libby Prison
Richmond Sentinel 5/25/1863; Lieut. La Touche escorts 650 prisoners from Libby by flag of truce to City Point. Canadian Castle Thunder prisoner goes with them
Richmond Examiner 6/13/1863; 50 Yankees arrive at Libby Prison hospital, including Capt. Wm. Sawyer
Richmond Whig 7/7/1863; proposed executions
Richmond Dispatch 7/8/1863; woman arrested trying to force her way into Libby Prison.
Richmond Sentinel 7/29/1863; prayer meetings at Libby Prison
Richmond Sentinel 7/29/1863; Yankee General Neal Dow is to be sent south
Richmond Sentinel 7/30/1863; more Union officers arrive - 512 POW officers are now in Richmond
Richmond Sentinel 8/8/1863; 100 prisoners arrive at Libby Prison, 65 negroes incarcerated in Castle Thunder
VHS 8/12/1863 8/12/1863; Isaac Carrington asks Lieut. Turner at Libby for charges on Yankee prisoners who were sent to Castle Thunder from there. One has been there since 9/25/1862 and was "Sent by Capt. Wirtz"
Richmond Enquirer 8/14/1863; "Libby Prison Items," says 4,868 prisoners(!!) registered at Libby
Richmond Sentinel 8/15/1863; man dies suddenly at the Libby Prison hospital and interred in Oakwood Cemetery
The Libby Chronicle 8/21/1863
Richmond Sentinel 8/21/1863; list of imprisoned slaves at Castle Thunder and Libby Prison
Richmond Sentinel 8/25/1863; letter from prisoner at Libby
The Libby Chronicle 8/28/1863
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VI, pp. 241-242 8/30/1863; Letter to CSA from Libby Prison
Richmond Examiner 9/1/1863; Commandants of Libby and Castle Thunder have been called back for duty, after leave of absence of 15 days
Richmond Examiner 9/1/1863; Few arrivals at Libby prison
The Libby Chronicle 9/4/1863
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VI, pp. 262-263 9/5/1863; Report on the sanitary conditions of Libby Prison and hospital
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VI, pp. 278-280 9/10/1863; Conditions described
The Libby Chronicle 9/11/1863
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VI, pp. 301-303 9/18/1863; treatment of Libby POWs discussed
The Libby Chronicle 9/18/1863
The Libby Chronicle 9/25/1863
Richmond Sentinel 9/26/1863; description of Libby Prison; says 600-700 officers there
Wisconsin MOLLUS, Vol. I, Milwaukee, 1891, pp. 394-409 By Bvt. Brig. Gen. Harrison C. Hobart, entitled: "Libby Prison - The Escape." Describes Life in Libby Prison from 9/30/1863 until his escape on Feb. 9th, 1864, and then the events surrounding his return to Union lines. Paper read on 6/3/1891
The Libby Chronicle 10/2/1863
VHS 10/4/1863 10/4/1863; Confederate Guard at Libby Prison is imprisoned in Castle Thunder for "leaving his post without permission..& trading with Yankee prisoners"
Richmond Examiner 10/5/1863; Guard at Libby Prison shoots three fellow guards
Richmond Examiner 10/5/1863; Maryland officer dies in the Libby Prison hospital
Richmond Sentinel 10/5/1863; guard at Castle Thunder shoots three other members of the City Battalion in a fight. Mentions a parade ground near Libby Prison
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VI, p. 354 10/6/1863; Complaint on conditions
Richmond Enquirer 10/9/1863; 3 guards at Libby Prison put in Castle Thunder for trading with the prisoners
RG 109, Ch. 6, Vol. 199.5, p. 111 10/15/1863; Jno. McCabe is appointed Chaplain at Libby Prison, in addition to his duties at Hollywood cemetery
Richmond Enquirer 10/17/1863; Yankee surgeons at Libby to be exchanged
Richmond Enquirer 10/20/1863; Religious services at Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 10/21/1863; provisions arrive from North for Yankee prisoners
RG 109, Ch. 6, Vol. 151, p. 59 9/1862 - 10/1863; Statistics of C. S. Military Prison Hospital - hospital closed after October, 1863 and changed to General Hospital #21
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VI, p. 485 11/8/1863; Complaint on conditions
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VI, p. 503 11/12/1863; Special rations received for Libby POWs
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VI, pp. 544-548 11/18/1863; report of number of prisoners in Richmond as well as provisions issued to prisoners at Libby.
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VI, pp. 572-574 11/26/1863; Conditions at Libby and Belle Isle described
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VI, pp. 586-588 11/27/1863; Complaint on conditions at Belle Isle and Libby; also report on mortality at Belle Isle from Carrington (to Winder)
New York Herald 11/28/1863; testimony from released federal surgeons regarding poor conditions
Richmond Sentinel 11/28/1863; 16,411 prisoners in Richmond and Belle Isle. 952 of the number are officers.
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VI, pp. 642-643 12/3/1863; rations at Libby
RG 109, Ch. 6, Vol. 7, no page 12/4/1863; "Hospitals for prisoners of war are placed on the same footing as other C. S. hospitals in all respects, and will be managed accordingly"
Richmond Whig 12/16/1863; editorial regarding Libby Prison (very positive account)
Richmond Sentinel 12/30/1863; does Libby Prison have vermin?
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VI, pp. 852-853 11/10/1863 - 1/18/1864; statement of clothing issued to prisoners in Richmond.
Richmond Sentinel 1/1/1864; large number of prisoners admitted to Libby Prison, who were captured in the West
Richmond Sentinel 1/5/1864; Jas. Clifford stole a lot of beef from Libby Prison, but for lack of witnesses was released
Richmond Whig 1/21/1864; two Yankees who escaped from Libby Prison tell a Chicago newspaper that they came upon some of the Richmond fortifications on their way out and the guns were completely unattended. They lament not being able to spike them. The Whig calls for more people to man the guns
Richmond Enquirer 2/2/1864; poor conditions described
Richmond Examiner 2/11/1864; good description of the "great escape" from Libby Prison. Castle Thunder mentioned.
Richmond Enquirer 2/11/1864; good description of the escape
Richmond Sentinel 2/11/1864; Libby Prison escape notice
Richmond Whig 2/11/1864; Libby Prison escape notice
Richmond Enquirer 2/12/1864; Description of the Libby prison breakout and list of escapees re-captured
Richmond Examiner 2/12/1864; 22 Libby escapees re-captured and description of the breakout
Richmond Whig 2/12/1864; list of Libby escapees that have been recaptured, and list of men still at large
Richmond Enquirer 2/13/1864; Recapturing Libby escapees, and list of re-captured prisoners
Richmond Sentinel 2/13/1864; eight more Libby escapees were brought back, making 30 so far recaptured
Richmond Whig 2/13/1864; more escapees have been captured; rumor that Streight has been recaptured
New York Times 2/15/1864; Libby Prison escape notice
Richmond Examiner 2/15/1864; recapturing Libby escapee anecdotes
Richmond Whig 2/15/1864; recapturing Libby escapee anecdotes
Richmond Sentinel 2/15/1864; list of escapees recaptured
Charleston Mercury 2/16/1864; description of the Libby Prison escape - includes a very good description of the physicality of the escape
Richmond Enquirer 2/16/1864; Two more Libby escapees re-captured
Richmond Examiner 2/16/1864; No more escapees from Libby have been captured.
Richmond Sentinel 2/17/1864; five more Libby escapees were brought back (with names)
Richmond Enquirer 2/19/1864; "The Feeding of the Prisoners" testimony from the butcher who supplied Chimborazo Hospital and Gen. Winder (for prisoners) with meat - shoots down the idea that the prisoners are inadequately supplied, while noting that they may not have gotten the best beef
Richmond Examiner 2/20/1864; Major General Scammon and staff brought to Libby; 58 escapees have been recaptured
Richmond Sentinel 2/20/1864; details on status of escaped Yankees
Richmond Whig 2/22/1864; one of the Libby Prison tunnel escapees was caught and re-committed to the prison
Richmond Enquirer 2/23/1864; captured letter from prisoner at Libby Prison Hospital (good conditions and treatment)
Franklin Repository 2/24/1864; "The Libby Jail Delivery"
Richmond Sentinel 2/24/1864; 400 Yankee prisoners from Belle Isle are taken to Libby Prison to await transfer to Andersonville
Richmond Sentinel 2/26/1864; prisoners at Libby receive a gratuitous sermon
Richmond Whig 2/26/1864; Bishop Lynch, of S. C. preaches to the prisoners at Libby
Richmond Whig 2/27/1864; list of Castle Thunder (7) and Libby Prison (8) inmates sent off by special exchange, including a woman found in men's clothes on Belle Isle, and a correspondent of the New York Herald
Richmond Whig 3/1/1864; 71 prisoners, captured by Mosby, arrive at Libby Prison
Charleston Mercury 3/3/1864; account of Dahlgren's Raid - notes the Armory Battalion engaging the enemy on the Westham road (Cary St.) and that 171 prisoners have been received at Libby
Richmond Examiner 3/3/1864; man drowns in canal opposite Libby Prison
Richmond Sentinel 3/3/1864;  Part two of account of the repulse of Dahlgren's Raid. Indicates the Tredegar Battalion was responsible for the repulse. Includes testimony from prisoners at Libby and praise of Maj. T. P. Turner. Part one cannot be found at this time.
Richmond Sentinel 3/4/1864; 600 prisoners from Libby Prison have been shipped off to Americus, GA (Andersonville)
Richmond Whig 3/4/1864; 600 Yankees prisoners at Libby will be sent to Andersonville today, and the same number will be sent off every other day
Richmond Sentinel 3/5/1864; 25 more of Dahlgren's raiders have been received at Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 3/8/1864; four Yankee negro soldiers are brought to Libby Prison and put in the solitary cells
Richmond Whig 3/10/1864; 260 prisoners from Cumberland Gap arrive at Libby
Richmond Whig 3/14/1864; Gen. Neal Dow and Capts. Sawyer and Flynn have been sent North from Libby
Richmond Whig 3/17/1864; seventeen escaped prisoners from Danville and Andersonville are recaptured and taken to Libby
Richmond Whig 3/22/1864; 983 Yankees, including 63 officers, were sent off from Libby yesterday
Richmond Whig 3/23/1864; only 1800 prisoners left in Richmond, the 12,000 who were here recently have been sent south or exchanged. Encourages the government not to allow such an accumulation of prisoners again
Mutual Assurance insurance policy 3/28/1864; Mutual Assurance insurance policy for the Libby Prison buildings, taken out by George S. and Sarah J. Palmer for $30,000, with sketch of the property
Richmond Examiner 3/30/1864; Libby and Belle Isle are nearly empty
Richmond Whig 3/31/1864; City Battalion (25th Battn. Va. Inf.) have been sent to Chaffin's Farm. Now the 28th Va. Battn. does the guard duty
Franklin (PA) Repository 4/6/1864; Gen. Neal Dow's assertion that Libby Prison was mined during the Dahlgren raid
Richmond Sentinel 4/14/1864; prisoner shot by accident at Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 4/14/1864; accidental shootings at Libby Prison
Richmond Sentinel 4/18/1864; Semple appointed Surgeon of Libby Prison
Richmond Sentinel 4/18/1864; testimony about spies in Libby Prison from escaped officer
Richmond Whig 4/18/1864; Dr. William Geo. Semple has been appointed Surgeon of Libby prison, vice Dr. John Wilkins
Richmond Sentinel 4/22/1864; Dr. Mary Walker, captured in the west, arrives in Richmond (in male attire) and conveyed to Castle Thunder, Libby having no female accommodations
Richmond Sentinel 4/25/1864; 420 sick Yankees are sent to Libby from Danville, being unable to travel to Andersonville
Richmond Whig 4/25/1864; 430 Yankee "invalids" not thought strong enough to make the trip to Andersonville are brought to Libby
Richmond Whig 4/27/1864; 19 Yankee officers, including Gen. Wessels, captured at Plymouth are brought to Libby Prison
New York Times 4/28/1864; reprint from Richmond Enquirer – accidental shooting of an officer at Libby Prison. Fellow prisoners request permission from Winder to send his body home.
Richmond Sentinel 4/28/1864; 31 Yankee deserters in Castle Thunder say they want to go back to the North, and are moved to the Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 4/28/1864; 31 Yankee deserters desire to be considered prisoners of war and are taken from Castle Thunder to Libby Prison
Richmond Sentinel 5/2/1864; "two or three" Yankees escape from Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 5/2/1864; three prisoners escape from Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 5/4/1864; 12,268 prisoners in the Confederacy, including 1,943 at Libby Prison
Richmond Sentinel 5/5/1864; 12,268 Yankee prisoners in all the CSA; 1,943 are at Libby
Richmond Sentinel 5/7/1864; 1000 Yankee officers at Libby to be sent to Danville
Richmond Examiner 5/7/1864; rumor that 100 officers in Libby Prison will be sent to Danville
Richmond Whig 5/9/1864; mutinous episode in Libby Prison
Richmond Examiner 5/11/1864; 113 Yankee prisoners arrive; only 29 officers in Libby
Richmond Whig 5/12/1864; Forty-four Yankee officers and 891 Yankee soldiers from the V Corps arrive in the city. Some are recognized as having been on Belle Isle in 1862 by "Lieut. Shihn, Assistant Provost Marshal in this city, who once had charge of them on Belle Isle."
Richmond Examiner 5/13/1864; 53 Yankees, including 1 officer, arrive at Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 5/13/1864; 183 Yankee cavalrymen are captured in the "northern suburbs" of the city and taken to the Libby Prison. Includes one negro, and one surgeon
Richmond Whig 5/14/1864; fifty prisoners arrive at Libby
Richmond Examiner 5/16/1864; Ten prisoners arrive at Libby Prison; the bulk of prisoner's from the Army of the Potomac are going straight to Lynchburg
Richmond Sentinel 5/17/1864; list of 14 officers captured at Drewry's Bluff (including General Heckman) who were brought to Libby yesterday
Richmond Sentinel 5/19/1864; over 1100 Yankees captured on the southside had come into Libby as of last night
Richmond Examiner 5/20/1864; Yankee colonel who arrived at Libby was wearing bullet-proof armor.
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VII, pp. 80-81 5/23/1864; Reprint of letter to the New York Times entitled "Prison Life in Richmond - It's Cruelties."
Richmond Examiner 5/23/1864; list of Yankee officers in the Libby Prison hospital; notes that there are 85 prisoners currently in Libby
Richmond Examiner 5/28/1864; total number of prisoners registered at Libby Prison since July 1861 is ninety-seven thousand
Richmond Sentinel 5/30/1864; 157 prisoners admitted to Libby Prison
Richmond Examiner 5/30/1864; 157 prisoners admitted to Libby Prison
Richmond Examiner 5/30/1864; AAG for Gen. Bragg inspects Libby Prison and Castle Thunder and finds them pleasing
Richmond Examiner 5/31/1864; 1100 POWs from Libby are to be sent to Andersonville
Richmond Examiner 5/31/1864; Confederate deserter (4th VA Cav, Co. A) found amongst the prisoners at Libby Prison
Richmond Sentinel 6/1/1864; 200 prisoners, taken at Atlee's, were brought to Libby yesterday
Richmond Whig 6/1/1864; 200 Yankee prisoners from Totopotomoy Creek arrive at Libby
Richmond Whig 6/2/1864; tobacco factories on Main and Franklin near Church Hill have been re-occupied as prisons, and the guards are forcing people off the sidewalk. Major Turner puts a stop to this practice
Richmond Examiner 6/3/1864; 275 prisoners received at Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 6/4/1864; 706 prisoners, including 12 officers, arrive at Libby from Gen. Early's lines
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VII, pp. 205-207 6/6/1864; inspection report for week ending 5/31/1864 of Castle Thunder and Libby Prison.
Richmond Whig 6/7/1864; "three car-loads" of Yankees arrive from Cold Harbor
Richmond Examiner 6/8/1864; wounded Yankee officer dies at the Libby Prison hospital
Richmond Examiner 6/9/1864; 1100 prisoners shipped to Andersonville yesterday; Gen. Winder ordered there; Libby Prison will be the receiving depot for prisoners taken north of Richmond, with their destination being Andersonville
Richmond Examiner 6/9/1864; More prisoners received at Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 6/9/1864; six Yankee prisoners arrive at Libby
Richmond Sentinel 6/13/1864; some of Sheridan's captured men arrive via canal packet. "Ten or fifteen" prisoners from Lee's front arrive at Libby.
Richmond Sentinel 6/15/1864; revival is afoot in the City Battalion [25th VA Battn]
Richmond Examiner 6/17/1864; few inmates in Libby Prison - most of them are being sent south to Andersonville as fast as they come in
Richmond Examiner 6/17/1864; describes the beneficial use of tobacco warehouses as prisons and hospitals to the Confederacy
Richmond Examiner 6/17/1864; Thirty Yankee prisoners arrive at Libby
Richmond Examiner 6/22/1864; Libby Prison is now recording the country of origin of prisoners
Richmond Examiner 6/23/1864; Confederate deserter (former Lt. Col. of 18th TN) is found amongst Yankees at Libby Prison
Richmond Examiner 6/23/1864; 20-30 prisoners arrive at Libby with 2 officers
Richmond Examiner 6/27/1864; 3000 prisoners arrive in Richmond, Libby is full and Belle Isle has been reopened
Richmond Examiner 6/28/1864; over 4,000 prisoners in Richmond, but not one arrived at Libby yesterday
Richmond Examiner 6/29/1864; member of detail escorting prisoners to Libby Prison is too polite to the prisoners
Richmond Dispatch 7/6/1864; notes on federal deserters in Castle Thunder; 68 federal deserters moved from Castle Thunder to Libby Prison
Richmond Examiner 7/8/1864; Belle Isle is once again uninhabited - all the prisoners have been sent south; hostages and special prisoners are kept at Libby
Richmond Examiner 7/14/1864; escape attempt at Libby Prison
Richmond Examiner 7/19/1864; 20 prisoners arrive at Libby, but no officers
Richmond Sentinel 8/10/1864; 90 wounded prisoners, including a dozen negro soldiers, arrive at Libby. Gives negative commentary on the negro troops' appearance and smell.
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VII, pp. 610-611 8/18/1864; complaint of Yankee (Doran) about his lengthy imprisonment without charge.
Charleston Mercury 9/20/1864; editorial notation describing the utilization of prisoners from Libby as laborers - questions whether this can be expanded (copied from the Richmond Examiner)
Rhode Island MOLLUS, vol. IV, p. 54.  Simpson, Thomas. Capt., Battery F, 1st Regt, R.I. Light Arty. "My Four Months Experience as a Prisoner of War," Gives an excellent description of Libby from Oct, 1864 to Feb, 1865.
Richmond Sentinel 10/4/1864; 1500 Yankee POWs (including 58 officers) arrive at Libby; 1114 POWS sent to Salisbury yesterday
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VII, pp. 987-988 10/14/1864; Turner reports on negro soldiers at Libby Prison and Castle Thunder
Gen. Wm. M. Gardner CSR, M331

10/23/1864; 19th VA Militia is guarding prisoners  at Libby Prison and not doing a good job – many desertions, and terrible discipline; recommendation that the “Invalid Corps at Belle Isle” not be broken up to provide an additional guard

Richmond Whig 10/24/1864; 1400 enlisted men and 37 officers, captured by Early in the Valley, are brought to Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 10/25/1864; Luther Libby's family have gone North, but soon to return
Richmond Whig 10/29/1864; 700 Yankees arrive at Libby Prison
Richmond Sentinel 10/31/1864; 400 prisoners, including Brig. Gen. Duffy, arrive at Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 10/31/1864; 400 Yankee prisoners, including General Dufie, are brought to Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 11/2/1864; "between four and five hundred" prisoners brought to Libby Prison

Richmond Sentinel

11/8/1864; stable attached to Libby Prison was burnt down

Richmond Whig 11/8/1864; Libby Prison stable burns down
Richmond Examiner 11/9/1864; fire at the Libby Prison stables

Richmond Sentinel

11/12/1864; personal ad to Luther Libby, who is now a prisoner at Fort Delaware

Richmond Sentinel 12/31/1864; prisoner at Libby killed in accident
Richmond Whig 12/31/1864; prisoner at Libby accidentally killed by "the accidental explosion of a musket" while the inspector was examining it in the basement of Libby
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VIII, pp. 93-94 1/19/1865; Chaplain of Camp Lee and Carrington write to Sec. of War regarding conditions at Castle Thunder and Libby.
Richmond Sentinel 1/27/1865; personal ad from Luther Libby's family - he is now at Fort Warren
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VIII, p. 214 2/13/1865; Yankee correspondence from Libby
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VIII, pp. 337-353 3/3/1865; Report of the joint select committee appointed to investigate the condition and treatment of prisoners of war.
Richmond Sentinel 3/3/1865; attendant at the Libby Prison hospital is caught at the theater with one of the POWs from the prison hospital. He is sent to Castle Thunder and the POW is sent back to Libby.
Richmond Sentinel 3/18/1865; two negroes who were sentenced to be hanged for burglary are released on the condition that they join T. P. Turner's "black brigade"
Richmond Sentinel 3/20/1865; Luther Libby's return to Richmond
Richmond Enquirer 3/23/1865; details on recruitment of black troops and call for volunteers; rendezvous for negro troops is at Smith's factory, 21st street. T. P. Turner (Libby Prison) is one of the officers
Richmond Sentinel 3/27/1865; 1300 Yankees sent off by flag-of-truce boat, 500 Yankees arrive at Libby Prison
New York Times 3/30/1865; "Confession that the Libby was Mined;" selected portions of committee report regarding POWs
Richmond Sentinel 3/30/1865; a free negro in Maj. Turner's battalion grows tired of the drill and decides to walk off with stolen clothes
Richmond Sentinel 4/1/1865; "squad" of Yankee prisoners arrives at Libby Prison
New York Herald 4/6/1865; Details on the Federal occupation of Richmond - notes that the furniture in the White House of the Confederacy was left behind, and that Tredegar survived the fire. Libby Prison and Castle Thunder are now full of Confederate prisoners
Richmond Whig 4/10/1865; Confederate prisoners housed in Libby, civilians in Castle Thunder
New York Herald 4/13/1865; excellent letter from Richmond describing the Federal occupation of Richmond, mentions Tredegar, former slaves, Rocketts, former rebel hospitals (Chimborazo, Jackson, Stuart) - All patients now at Jackson, Stuart Hospital is now a US Post Hospital. Dahlgren's body found and is being returned to Washington. Castle Thunder and Libby Prison are now holding Confederates. Also notes veneration of Robert E. Lee in Richmond
Richmond Whig 4/15/1865; Libby Prison has 3,000 Confederate prisoners; Castle Thunder is used for criminals and Federal deserters
Richmond Whig 4/15/1865; POWs sent to City Point; Lt. Bishop is commandant of Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 4/22/1865; Confederates who turn themselves in are sent to Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 4/29/1865; The Libby Prison sign has been shipped north
New York Times 5/1/1865; The Libby Prison sign has arrived in New York
Richmond Whig 5/4/1865; Robert Ould, former CS Commissioner for the exchange of prisoners, has been put in Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 5/9/1865; Libby Prison and Castle Thunder have new signs
Richmond Whig 5/12/1865; Details on the Libby Prison sign
Richmond Whig 5/13/1865; Dick Turner escapes from Libby Prison
Samuel Root (24th Mass.) letter 5/14/1865; notes on escape of Richard K. Turner from Libby Prison and description of the building, with sketch. Apparently, the 24th Mass. was garrisoning Libby at the time
Richmond Whig 5/15/1865; Nothing has been heard from Dick Turner after he escaped from Libby Prison
Dedham Gazette 5/20/1865; "Libby Prison Now and Then"- notes how Libby Prison has changed, and offers a general history. Notes that Libby Prison and Castle Thunder are now run by two Captains from the 24th Mass.
Richmond Whig 5/27/1865; says the first Union flag to fly in Richmond was flown over Libby by an escaped prisoner
Richmond Whig 5/31/1865; very few prisoners are left in Libby or Castle Thunder
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VIII, pp. 764-767 10/12/1865; post-war account of conditions at Libby Prison, Castle Godwin and other prisons during the war.
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VIII, p. 783 11/3/1865; letter to Stanton names Alexander and Turner as being guilty of cruelty to prisoners.
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VIII, pp. 815-816 11/23/1865; testimony from one of Gen. Winder's policemen - Libby & Castle Thunder mentioned.
The Camp, the Battle Field, and the Hospital... ca. 1866; by Linus P. Brockett; excerpt (by John F. Porter) describes the author's part in the famous Libby Prison escape and subsequent journey to Williamsburg 
The Lost Cause, A New Southern History of the War... 1866; by Edward A. Pollard; this excerpt reprints the southern Congress' response to the prisoner issue, written in 1865. Describes Libby Prison, General Hospital #21, and Belle Isle
Trowbridge, John T., The South... 1866 account of the author's travels to Richmond and the adjoining battlefields. Good material on Belle Isle, Brown's Island, Libby Prison, battlefields near the city
DeForest (81st NY), Random Sketches... 1866 memoir describing conditions in the early Richmond prisons, Libby and Belle Isle
Richmond Dispatch 8/4/1868; Libby Prison will be abandoned as a prison
Southern Opinion 8/8/1868; Libby Prison has ceased to be a prison, the U. S. Army guard and prisoners transfers to Elba Park, formerly the home of John Minor Botts
Life of Jefferson Davis... ca. 1869; by Edward A. Pollard; these excerpts relate to Jefferson Davis and Libby Prison, especially a southern slant to the "mine" episode
Richmond Dispatch 12/26/1870; account of the Spotswood Hotel fire, including many vignettes of of close escapes, and accounts of the deaths of Erasmus Ross, former clerk of Libby Prison, and others.
Richmond Dispatch 12/28/1870; more details of the Spotswood Hotel fire
Richmond Dispatch 12/31/1870; Memorial services for Erasmus Ross, former clerk of Libby, held in Monumental Church; Ross killed in the Spottswood fire
Scribner's Monthly, July 1877 7/1877; "Richmond Since the War" - good material on Tredegar Iron Works, Belle Isle, Libby Prison, Oakwood Cemetery, and Capital Square
R. A. Brock notes 1880; notes on various Richmond sights and their current condition - mentions Libby Prison, Castle Godwin, Castle Thunder (recently destroyed by fire), Robertson Hospital (great physical description), Drewry's Bluff, and the Union Hotel (now used to train missionaries)
Philadelphia Weekly Times 12/10/1881; excellent article by Frank Moran entitled “Libby’s Bright Side:” illustrates the humorous and lighter aspects of life in Libby Prison. Mentions the “Libby Prison Minstrels” and the Libby Prison Chronicle
Philadelphia Weekly Times

10/28/1882; excellent article by Frank Moran relating his experience escaping from Libby Prison through the famous tunnel.

Richmond Dispatch 7/17/1883; "The Richmond Spy," excellent description of Elizabeth Van Lew's efforts and anecdotes about the Richmond spy ring, Libby escape, etc. Extensive mention of Erasmus Ross, Libby's clerk as a Van Lew spy.
Southern Historical Society Papers 11 (1883), pp. 83-92. Burrows, J. L. "Recollections of Libby Prison." 
"Bearing Arms in the 27th Mass. Regt. of Vol. Inf. During the Civil War 1861-1865" Derby, W. P., 1883 memoir detailing life in Libby Prison in May, 1864
National Tribune 1/24/1884; account of the capture of the 4th New Jersey at Gaines' Mill, and subsequent imprisonment in Libby Prison and Belle Isle is the summer of 1862
National Tribune 2/14/1884; brief account of prisoner's experience in Libby, Pemberton, Belle Isle, and Andersonville; notes that small pox broke out in Pemberton
National Tribune 2/14/1884; description of how Belle Isle was set up as a prison by captured Gaines' Mill prisoners from Libby
Beach, History of the Fortieth Ohio... 1884; letter (J. M. Wasson) describing arrival at Libby after capture at Missionary Ridge and subsequent escape through the Libby Prison tunnel
National Tribune 1/29/1885; letter disputing Col. Streight's claim of being responsible for the tunnel out of Libby Prison - gives list of the known working party
National Tribune 5/14/1885; excellent account by Col. Thomas Rose of the organization and completion of the Libby Prison tunnel
New York Times 4/22/1886; report that one of the three “tenements” comprising the former Libby Prison has collapsed from “overburdened floors.” $10,000 worth of damage.
Magazine of American History with Notes and Queries July-December 1886; Interesting, and fair, account of a surgeon confined in Libby during 1863; notes on T. P. Turner's obesity(?)
Philadelphia Weekly Times 5/18/1887; very good description of the political circumstances surrounding prisoners of war during the war from one of the Libby tunnel escapees. Gives only a few snippets of Libby details, but includes an excellent letter from Libby requesting his family to hide money in packages.
Philadelphia Weekly Times

12/28/1887; brief article describing the author’s capture and brief imprisonment in Libby Prison, before and after a stay at Salisbury. Notes that when he arrived at Libby, eh was the only one there.

Richmond Dispatch 2/7/1888; Libby Prison has been bought by a Chicago syndicate; extensive description of the history of Libby Prison.
National Tribune 2/9/1888; good description of the proposed relocation of Libby Prison to Chicago
Richmond Dispatch 2/10/1888; More on the Libby Prison purchase; payment details discussed; details of plans for the building
New York Times 2/11/1888; strong protest to Libby Prison's move to Chicago from former Captain, Co. H, 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry
New York Times 2/15/1888; strong protest to Libby Prison's move to Chicago from former Captain, Co. K, 146th N.Y. Infantry
New York Times

2/23/1888; Chicago syndicate is coming to Richmond to exercise the option to purchase Libby Prison. Notes that the sentiment in Richmond is opposed to Libby’s removal.

Richmond Dispatch 2/25/1888; First payment for the Libby Prison sale was made today
New York Times 2/25/1888; architect believes it possible to move Libby Prison; ground where it stood should be sold to the government for use as a park
New York Times 2/26/1888; “Libby Prison Sold,” along with details of the sale and quotes from Gray about the feeling of the Richmond people (positive). Mayor of Richmond (W. H. Carrington) gives Gray the go-ahead.
Richmond Dispatch 2/28/1888; Deed for Libby Prison sale has been recorded; strong opposition opinions from Chicago residents
Century Magazine, March 1888, pp. 770-790 3/1888; Moran, Frank E. "Colonel Rose's Tunnel at Libby prison." Excellent account of the tunneling effort and subsequent escape of 109 Libby prisoners
New York Times 3/2/1888; letter to the editor strongly arguing against the removal of Libby Prison to Chicago
New York Times

9/21/1888; tangled web of sales of Libby Prison described – a new syndicate is purchasing the thing “to let the Libby building remain where it is now and throw it open as a public museum.”

New York Times 10/26/1888; “The Libby Prison Syndicate.” More on the tangled web of sales and dealings to bring Libby Prison to Chicago.
Richmond Dispatch 12/16/1888; engineer is in Richmond making drawing of Libby Prison, preparatory to moving it to Chicago. A fence has been erected around the prison, and citizens wishing to see it are charged admission
Richmond Dispatch 4/17/1889; work on tearing down Libby Prison will commence in a few days; spectators are charged to watch; details on the removal plans
New York Times 5/8/1889; Train carrying pieces of Libby Prison to Chicago has wrecked
Richmond Dispatch 5/11/1889; Details on the removal of Libby Prison to Chicago; half the material has already been removed; opinions of Chicagoans
Richmond Dispatch 6/1/1889; very negative description of Libby Prison in Chicago and its' potential consequences
National Tribune 8/15/1889; part one of a two-part memoir by Capt. J. W. Chamberlain, 123rd Ohio, describing at length his imprisonment in Libby Prison
National Tribune 8/15/1889; part two of a two-part memoir by Capt. J. W. Chamberlain, 123rd Ohio, describing at length his imprisonment in Libby Prison
The Century Magazine 11/1889; explanation of the shooting episode given in "Col. Rose's Tunnel at Libby Prison" article from former guard.
New York Times 11/26/1889; resolution offered by Richmond School Board to tear down the White House of the Confederacy and replace it with a new school. Speculation that it will follow Libby Prison to Chicago.
National Tribune 12/18/1889; account of the 4th of July celebration in Libby during 1863 by Louis Beaudry, the former editor of the "Libby Chronicle"
The Century Magazine 1/1890; two letters refuting claims that guards did not fire into Libby Prison 
National Tribune 3/27/1890; excellent description of the tunneling effort at Libby Prison by one of the tunneling party (W. S. B. Randall, 2nd Ohio Inf.) - slightly different from Moran's account
New York Times 2/8/1891; beginning of serialized account by a Chickamauga prisoner regarding life in Libby Prison. Excellent details on reception and layout of the prison.
New York Times 2/11/1891; part two of serialized account of life in Libby. Important description of the layout of the prison, and notes that the western armies and the Army of the Potomac segregated themselves within the prison. Gives great details of some of the prisoners there, including Neal Dow, Sawyer and Flynn.
New York Times 2/22/1891; part three of serialized account of life in Libby. Notes on various ways prisoners attempted to escape, the Confederate preachers who came there, the fact that prisoners could see the men at Pemberton, but could not communicate with them, and some of the chess matches that took place in prison.
New York Times 3/1/1891; part four of serialized account of life in Libby. Notes that 1864 began poorly - the Confederates cut off supplies from the North in order to compel the US Government to resume exchanges; author went to Belle Isle to help distribute last batch of supplies; mentions Castle Thunder; he was glad to be in Libby rather than Belle Isle - notes on the "dog-slaying incident" and confirms it. Further notes the presence of negroes on Belle Isle and their negative treatment by their fellow prisoners. Describes Gen. J. H. Morgan's visit to Libby and begins description of the Libby tunnel and says he was one of the diggers.
New York Times 3/8/1891; part five of serialized account of life in Libby. Gives a description of the lighter side of Libby life: mentions the "Libby Minstrels" and their performances as well as mock trials that took place in prison. Notes the shooting of two prisoners by the guard (one of whom died, named Forsyth) and the Ross and Latouche would change their money at the rate of 15 or 20 to one. Also describes prison sutlers and a raid upon them as well as the depth of hunger within the prison.
New York Times 3/15/1891; part six of serialized account of life in Libby. Description of the digging and escape through the Libby tunnel; notes that he was one of the ones who raised the cry of "guards!" to get the crowd to thin out. Further relates his overland journey towards the Chickahominy and encountering rebel earthworks on the outskirts of Richmond, unmanned and with the bombproofs open.
New York Times 3/22/1891; part seven of serialized account of life in Libby. Describes attempted escape from Libby, travel towards Union lines and recapture.
New York Times 3/29/1891; part eight of serialized account of life in Libby. Describes recapture, waiting in Cold Harbor tavern, response by Confederates to the tunnel escape, and re-confinement in Libby. Gives description of being in cells beneath Libby Prison.
New York Times 4/5/1891; part nine of serialized account of life in Libby. Describes the plan to break out of Libby upon the success of Dahlgren's raid. Says that there were 1,200 prisoners in Libby at the time. Also noted that 20,000 others in Richmond between Belle Isle and Pemberton. Notes that prison authorities found out about the plot and brought in extra guards and artillery across the street. Relates hearsay evidence of Turner's statement that the prison was mined.
New York Times 4/12/1891; part ten of serialized account of life in Libby. Basically a refutation of Col. Di Cesnola's account regarding the action to be taken during Dahlgren's raid. Notes that Di Cesnola was the acknowledged leader. Continues with his narrative, describing how he faked being sick in order to be taken to the hospital, with the intent to be sent away.
New York Times 4/19/1891; part eleven of serialized account of life in Libby. Recounts the author's near-exchange, and subsequent return to Richmond, only to be put in General Hospital #10
National Tribune 4/21/1891; notes on tools used for tunneling out of Libby Prison
New York Times 4/26/1891; part twelve of serialized account of life in Libby. Good description of GH#10 as a Union prison hospital - indicates that the hospital was in conjunction with Libby Prison in 1864.
Richmond Dispatch 7/12/1891; letter to the editor regarding treatment of Confederates in Libby Prison after the evacuation of Richmond
National Tribune 12/29/1891; Excellent set of letters from Libby Prison, recounting treatment and life in prison. Mentions purchasing one of the Rees images from the prison guards, and sending it North.
National Tribune 3/17/1892; lengthy but excellent account of the tunnel escape and "powder mine" of Libby Prison - and disputation of falsehoods recently circulated; by Frank E. Moran
New York Times 5/1/1892; detailed description of the Christmas Eve, 1863 entertainment in Libby Prison and information about the collection in which it was found.
National Tribune 6/2/1892; account of prisoners stealing flour from the cellar of Libby Prison
National Tribune 10/6/1892; notes on the mining of Libby Prison
New York Times

11/28/1892; War relics will be exhibited in Libby Prison when it is reconstructed in Chicago. Notes that Gunther wanted to move Independence Hall too, but “the transfer was a physical impossibility, even if Philadelphians would let it go.”

"Story of the Famous Tunnel Escape from Libby Prison" 1893? Hamilton, Andrew G. Excellent published account regarding the tunnel escape from Libby Prison. One of the most reliable sources.
National Tribune 12/14/1893; description of a clever escape of two men from Libby Prison
Hartford Courant 4/5/1895; Maj. A. J. Hamilton, one of the ringleaders of the Libby Prison tunnel escape, has been murdered by one of his drinking buddies.
Richmond Dispatch 6/30/1894; great description of Richmond for the Confederate reunion, focusing on how much has changed since the war
New York Times 6/23/1895; Libby Prison is to be torn down in Chicago; low visitation
New York Times 7/7/1895; 1866 letter from Thomas P. Turner, commandant of Libby Prison, detailing his escape to Cuba; with engraved image
National Tribune 1/23/1896; brief account of the theft of a blanket in Libby Prison in January, 1865
National Tribune 9/7/1896; man in Richmond is making gavels and other trinkets from Libby Prison wood
New York Times 6/2/1897; notice that visitation has dwindled at Libby Prison in Chicago and it will probably be closed and moved.
New York Times 6/3/1897; Foreclosure proceedings against the Libby Prison War Museum in Chicago. Gunther and Spalding claim the museum is “insolvent.”
National Tribune 11/4/1897; old soldier still has the flute he kept at Libby Prison, and apparently played for Jefferson Davis
New York Times 4/12/1899; Libby Prison War Museum has closed and demolition work will begin soon to make way for the new Coliseum. Demolition “will be done so hastily that it can never be again rebuilt.”
National Tribune 4/27/1899; "Doc" Aubrey's account of imprisonment in Libby - just a boy at the time, he was captured trying to sell newspapers to the army. T. P. Turner took interest in him, put his money in the safe in his office, and tells him to get the money on his return. Very positive portrayal - nothing sensational.
National Tribune 5/4/1899; continuation of Aubrey's account of life in Libby - further mention of T. P. Turner, and notes that he returned his hard-earned money to him upon release. Unique for its positive portrayal of Turner.
National Tribune 9/28/1899; “A Union Man in Richmond” part eight of serialized account. Describes the capture and execution of Timothy Webster, the Libby Prison escape (mentions prisoners being aided by Van Lew, and good feeling amongst the Unionists toward her), a shooting of a prisoner at Libby, “the clerk” of Libby being involved in trading with the prisoners (Ross), and being shot at while near Locust Alley. St. Charles Hotel mentioned.
T. P. Turner Letter

1/6/1900; letter from T. P. Turner giving extensive details on the administration of Libby Prison. Notes that Libby had a capacity of 700 to 800 prisoners, and that Belle Isle "frequently contained from twelve to fifteen thousand." Gives a description of Dick Turner, and notes that the two were not related, and that Dick Turner had no authority whatsoever and his role was that of a janitor or policeman.

National Tribune 8/9/1900; Part one of Silas Crocker's serialized account of life in Libby - relates the stock story of money stealing by Dick Turner and mentions a sergeant beating a man who would not give up his ring.
National Tribune 9/27/1900; excellent memoir of a member of the 10th CT Inf. describing advancing on Richmond from Fort Burnham on April 3, 1865, and the occupation of Richmond. Gives an interesting description of seeing a copy of the Richmond Sentinel meant to be published that day. Notes on number of rail cars captured.
National Tribune 10/4/1900; "The Fall of Richmond" Part two of Hiram Peck's memoir. Describes Lincoln's visit to Richmond, details of the evacuation fire, the reopening of the Richmond Theater, and response to Lee's surrender in Richmond. Mentions Castle Thunder detectives being locked in Libby, and gives a description of Hollywood Cemetery.
National Tribune 9/19/1901; brief article describing the author's reception at Libby, and being bayonetted by a guard while there
Richmond Times-Dispatch 11/17/1901; good account of the burial of Col. Ulric Dahlgren in Oakwood Cemetery, and the raiding of the grave; author was a member of the 19th VA H.A., camped at Battery 5, and guarding Libby Prison at the time
Richmond Dispatch 12/6/1901; Dick Turner, former assistant commandant of Libby Prison, has died
New York Times 12/6/1901; death notice for “Captain” Richard R. “Dick” Turner, former “keeper” of Libby Prison
Richmond Dispatch 12/7/1901; notes on the death of Richard R. Turner in Isle of Wight County and gives some details of his life
Richmond Dispatch 12/8/1901; description of the escape of Richard R. "Dick" Turner from Libby Prison, after the close of the war. Includes engraving of Turner
New York Times 12/26/1901; letter describing the difference in temperament between Thomas P. and Richard R. Turner and incident involving “Dick” Turner - very laudatory of T. P. Turner, and condemnatory of R. R. Turner. Author is Louis P. DiCesnola who was at Libby Prison in 1863-64.
National Tribune 1/2/1902; notes from a former Libby Prisoner, who commanded the prison after the occupation of Richmond; mentions Dick Turner being imprisoned there.
National Tribune 10/23/1902; Capt. Beecham's good, but very bitter, account of life on Belle Isle after Gettysburg. Includes a copy of an article from Jackson Warner, Commissary in Richmond denying that prisoners were starved: he says that they were as well fed as Confederate soldiers. Of course the author disagrees with him. Author was on Belle Isle for 15 days.
National Tribune 10/30/1902; letter describes the fire in Richmond threatening Libby Prison and Castle Thunder, and the author broke open the door to let prisoners out.
National Tribune 11/27/1902; interesting account of mail distribution in Libby
National Tribune 4/30/1903; soldier corroborates account of breaking open the doors of Libby upon the evacuation of Richmond; also relates his imprisonment in Libby and Belle Isle; relates the cruelty of the doctor on Belle Isle, and the kindness of another doctor who took him to a hospital in Richmond. Mentions having witnessed the bread riot, but cannot be telling the truth, because he was captured in 1864
National Tribune 10/15/1903; diary entry describes Dick Turner stealing money from the prisoners at Pemberton Prison; mentions Libby.
National Tribune 4/7/1904; brief description of the author's captivity in Libby, and the state of finances in Richmond - author relates that he was able to exchange $10 for $100 CSA and buy goods with it. Also notes that the guards occasionally allowed this practice through the windows.
National Tribune 9/15/1904; poem written by Col. Bartleson (KIA at Wilderness) on the wall of Libby Prison
National Tribune 3/8/1906; I. N. Johnson, one of the Libby tunnelers, is looking for the addresses of several of the others in the tunnel party, and gives a partial list.
National Tribune

8/30/1906; Maj. L. P. Williams’ account of the Libby Prison tunnel and escape. Gives details on the construction of the tunnel. Williams succeeded in making his escape.

National Tribune 9/6/1906; a veteran of Richmond prisons asks questions about them. Pemberton, the Belle Isle sutler, and the dog-slaying incident are mentioned.
"The Twenty-Fourth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers" Roe, Alfred S., 1907 regimental history detailing the experience of guards at Libby after the city's surrender. Details the escape of Dick Turner, and barracks at Howard's Grove
"Final Scenes at the Capture and Occupation of Richmond, April 3, 1865." Ripley, Edward H., NY MOLLUS, Vol. III, 1907, pp. 472-502; excellent description of the fall and capture of Richmond; notes that he has the key and records for Libby Prison
National Tribune

2/28/1907; description of Col. Abel Streight’s escape through the Libby tunnel - notes he had some difficulty getting out because he was a “large man” and that he was initially helped by “Aunt Rhoda,” a local negro.

National Tribune 3/7/1907; more debate about the last people to leave Libby Prison before the city fell.
National Tribune 3/28/1907; details and praise of Chaplain McCabe while in Libby Prison
National Tribune 5/30/1907; more debate about the last Yankees to leave Libby Prison.
Confederate Veteran, Vol. XVI (1908) p. 114 "Federal Soldier Fulfilled his Promise;" highly suspect account of an escaping Union prisoner who shot at a guard while escaping, and goes on to marry the guard's daughter after the war.
Confederate Veteran, Vol. XVII (1909) p. 114 "Tunneling Out of Libby Prison;" account from John Mitchell, one of the digging party on how the tunnel was made
"With Touch of Elbow" (1909) David Wells (8th Mich. Cav.) gives an excellent account of Libby Prison and his escape through the famous tunnel.
New York Times 11/7/1911; site of Libby Prison in Richmond has been marked with a bronze tablet
"A History of the Forty-fourth Regiment NY Volunteer Inf. in the Civil War, 1861-1865" Nash, Eugene A., 1911 account by Captain C. D. Grannis of life in Libby Prison in 1862. Very interesting (and negative) portrayal of Erasmus Ross and the writer's time as a nurse in the Libby Prison hospital
A Chatauqua Boy, in '61 and Afterward (1912), pp. 54-64. Parker, David B. (72nd NY), Parker relates that he was sent to the Van Lew house on April 3rd, 1865 to provide her protection. Van Lew invites him to dinner where he meets several "prominent Confederate officials", including Erasmus Ross, clerk at Libby Prison. Continues with post-war details of Van Lew's service as postmistress of Richmond.
History of the 49th New York Volunteers (1916), pp. 114-117. McKelvy, Alexander H. (49th NY), brief account of life and medical care in Libby Prison - notes that he went to see Libby in Chicago, and found the spot where he had slept.
National Tribune 3/11/1926; excellent article by Capt. A. G. Hamilton, detailing his personal experience in the Libby Prison tunnel escape, notes escaping with Col. Rose, and watching him be recaptured while still in Richmond [contrary to other reports]. Gives a detailed account of his travel to Union lines at Williamsburg.
National Tribune 12/13/1928; excellent description of the Libby Prison escape, offers several new details.
The Black Swan Aug. - Oct. 1929; "The Libby Lion;" article written by the son of R. R. "Dick" Turner, describing his boyhood and experiences with his father. Notes that his Dick Turner was "on the staff of General Winder, with the rank of Captain, and was assigned to duty at Libby Prison, as commissary." Gives a good description of the staff at Libby, especially Erastus Ross. Mentions meeting General Lee after the fall of Richmond, seeing his father in one of the dungeons of Libby. Description of Dick Turner's escape, subsequent recapture and uncertainty regarding Turner's fate in the Penitentiary; notes that Captain Dick Winder was able to destroy the charges against Turner by getting the guard drunk.
National Tribune 11/30/1933; note that the timbers of Libby Prison are being used in a barn in Hamlet, Indiana, owned by Frank Davis. Describes the barn timbers and notes that many timbers are still covered with initials of prisoners
National Tribune 6/13/1940; brief note that the timbers of Libby Prison are being used in a barn in Hamlet, Indiana, owned by Frank Davis
The Selling of Libby Prison 11/1994; American Heritage: "The Selling of Libby Prison;" outstanding article describing the selling of Libby Prison and move to Chicago.
Civil War Times Illustrated, February 1999. Klee, Bruce. "They Paid to Enter Libby Prison.
Unknown book Wilson, Clarence H., 2nd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery. Page 213 describes conditions of Libby Prison in winter 1864-65.
Morton Tower Memoir no date; excellent account of conditions in Libby Prison in 1863 and escape through the famous tunnel.
VHS no date no date; Union prisoner in "Room No. 10" of Castle Thunder requests to be moved to Libby Prison, as he considers himself a POW


Page last updated on 07/17/2008