Added March 2004

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Added March 30, 2004

National Tribune 9/14/1899; “A Union Man in Richmond” part six of serialized account. Describes the feeling in Richmond at the time of the Kilpatrick-Dahlgren Raid, Pawnee Sunday (1861), a female Confederate spy at his boarding house, and other details of life at his boarding house.
National Tribune

9/21/1899; “A Union Man in Richmond” part seven of serialized account. Describes the tough economic conditions in Richmond in 1863 (with a nice description of the scene at the Old Market), the small-pox epidemic in Richmond (blames Longstreet’s men for bringing it to the city), an unreported assassination attempt on President Davis, and garroters in Richmond.

National Tribune 9/28/1899; “A Union Man in Richmond” part eight of serialized account. Describes the capture and execution of Timothy Webster, the Libby Prison escape (mentions prisoners being aided by Van Lew, and good feeling amongst the Unionists toward her), a shooting of a prisoner at Libby, “the clerk” of Libby being involved in trading with the prisoners (Ross), and being shot at while near Locust Alley. St. Charles Hotel mentioned.

Added March 25, 2004

Richmond Dispatch 1/24/1862; 3 POWs arrive escorted by Capt. Griffin, 6th Ga., and are lodged in "the military prison"
Richmond Dispatch 1/24/1862; 2 female matrons wanted for Byrd Island Hospital (GH#3)
Richmond Dispatch 1/25/1862; details on plan to connect area RRs by “permanent tracks”
Richmond Dispatch 1/25/1862; Small stationary engine at VCRR shop “blows up”
Richmond Dispatch 1/27/1862; unnamed soldier shot in dispute - sent to Louisiana Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 1/27/1862; 5 Yankee POWs (named) leaving for exchange
Richmond Dispatch 1/27/1862; ad for the Medical College Hospital. McCaw and Gibson are amongst the Surgeons
Richmond Dispatch 1/27/1862; new ad for Bellevue Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 1/28/1862; large explosion at Govt. Laboratory, foot of 7th St. - many injured
Richmond Dispatch 1/28/1862; Dr. James V. Cook is Surgeon at Louisiana Hospital - details on recent shooting
Richmond Dispatch 1/28/1862; little boys caught & fined for throwing stones at Spotswood
Richmond Dispatch 1/29/1862; Libby & Son advertise that they have tar, rosin, and lime
Richmond Dispatch 1/30/1862; rent notice, 2 large warehouse, fronting Cary & Dock, between 19-20 st
Richmond Dispatch 1/30/1862; Salisbury Prison ready to take 700 POWs now in Richmond
Richmond Dispatch 1/30/1862; George S. Patton in town - brave, gallant, etc.
Richmond Dispatch 1/31/1862; none of boys hurt in recent lab explosion. Govt now building storehouse at “upper extremity” of Brown’s Island for fuse work
Richmond Dispatch 2/1/1862; D. Crenshaw adv for 12 male nurses for Royster Hosp, 25th St. 6 white & 6 black
Richmond Dispatch 2/3/1862; Lt. J. L. S. Kirby, CSA, on duty at prisons in Richmond, ordered to Salisbury to report to Gibbs
Richmond Dispatch 2/3/1862; Geo. W. Briggs, Surgeon PACS, offers his house, corner 27 & Broad, for rent
Richmond Dispatch 2/6/1862; Chas. Schop, age 19 & Jno. Fitzpatrick, age 17, both died 2/4 from injuries at CS Lab explosion
Richmond Dispatch 2/6/1862; Jas. M. Taylor in court. Walls of his bldg, corner 20th & Cary “in a dangerous condition”
Richmond Dispatch 2/6/1862; Yankee POW arrives - a German
Richmond Dispatch 2/6/1862; small fire at Ligon Factory prison, 25th st
Richmond Dispatch 2/6/1862; rumor of Stonewall Jackson's resignation is false
Richmond Dispatch 2/7/1862; Two cars of Va. Central freight train derail just below Hanover Court House.
Richmond Dispatch 2/7/1862; New Senate room, NW corner of Capitol, about finished
Richmond Dispatch 2/8/1862; paragraph explaining how Stonewall Jackson got his nickname - “one or two” explanations
Richmond Dispatch 2/10/1862; Capt. T. P. Wilkinson’s Co., at Marion Hill Battery, ordered to Evansport
Richmond Dispatch 2/10/1862; rumor that the Govt has stopped the Stearns & Co. distillery
Richmond Dispatch 2/10/1862; 370 local POWs due to be exchanged
Richmond Dispatch 2/10/1862; John Bankhead Magruder arrives in Richmond on 2/8; R. H. Anderson and other notables are at the Spotswood
Richmond Dispatch 2/10/1862; “John Taylor, charged with exposing his person in the street, was committed for want of security for his good behavior”
Richmond Dispatch 2/10/1862; city jail is being repaired after being damaged by a prisoner; appeal for a new jail
Richmond Dispatch 2/10/1862; gunsmiths needed at Va. Armory, corner 7th & Cary
Richmond Dispatch 2/10/1862; ward-room steward on the "Patrick Henry" advertises for a substitute
Richmond Dispatch 2/10/1862; adv. for lost Chimborazo Payroll
Richmond Dispatch 2/11/1862; adv from E. Porter Alexander asking citizens to turn over war trophies
Richmond Dispatch 2/11/1862; Ballard House barber shop needs a barber
Richmond Dispatch 2/13/1862; naval captain brought to Richmond prison as a spy
Richmond Dispatch 2/13/1862; 3 POW deaths (named)
Richmond Dispatch 2/13/1862; soldier badly injured in mis-step at RF&P RR depot
Richmond Dispatch 2/13/1862; YMCA meets at corner 10th and Broad. Mr. P. B. Price tells of “his labors in Chimborazo Hospital. The soldiers there were eager for religious instruction and reading.”
Richmond Dispatch 2/13/1862; J. R. Anderson adv for blacksmiths
Richmond Dispatch 2/13/1862; Talbot & Brother, owners of “extensive foundry corner of 17th and Cary” sold everything intact to Navy Dept.
RG 109, Ch. 9, Vol. 199.5, p. 32 11/18/1862; "stupid sentinel" at Libby Prison is caught allowing trading with the prisoners to go on
RG 109, Ch. 9, Vol. 199.5, p. 33 11/19/1862; T. P. Turner enlists the help of G. W. Alexander to catch an escaped Libby prisoner. E. Ross signs as clerk
RG 109, Ch. 9, Vol. 199.5, p. 37 12/8/1862; T. P. Turner reports on employees at Libby and their salaries; Libby has a clerk, druggist, and steward
RG 109, Ch. 9, Vol. 199.5, p. 50 1/13/1863; T. P. Turner is ordered to be on a board of inquiry to investigate an escape from Castle Thunder
Judith McGuire Notes various dates from 1862-1865; many anecdotes relating to Judith McGuire's service at Robertson Hospital - Sally Tompkins mentioned repeatedly; her husband gets a job at the "Officers' Hospital" (GH#1) as post chaplain; mentions nursing briefly at Jackson Hospital, and gives a description of the place

Added March 24, 2004

National Tribune

8/10/1899; “A Union Man in Richmond;” part four of serial account. Describes John Minor Bott’s stay in “a negro jail in Lombard Alley” [Castle Godwin], the economic situation in Richmond, the Battle of First Manassas, the man who [Mr. Gretter] who tossed the first shovelful of dirt for the Richmond defenses, the dangerous nature of “Lombard Alley” [probably Locust Alley], and the post-war collapse of the upper floor of the Capitol building

National Tribune

8/17/1899; “A Union Man in Richmond;” part five of serial account. Describes the scene in Richmond in early to mid-1863. Mentions hedonistic activity at the Exchange, Ballard and Spotswood hotels; prostitution and gambling flourishing in Richmond around the Exchange Hotel; trying to get a pass out of Richmond from Gen. Winder; and subsequent trip to Staunton on the railroad

Added March 18, 2004

Richmond Whig 4/3/1862; description of Capt. Godwin and his police detectives. Godwin has his office on "Broad, corner of Ninth street." Macubbin is "Chief of Confederate States Military Police"
Richmond Whig 4/3/1862; three ads from Tredegar Iron Works - they need 150 negroes to work at blast furnaces in Botetourt county, 50-100 mules, and machinists and blacksmiths
Richmond Whig 4/19/1862; little boy of John M. Francisco, clerk at Libby Prison, falls into the canal and drowns - a prisoner appeals to be allowed to go save the boy but is denied
Richmond Whig 4/19/1862; employee at the "Confederate Arsenal" shoots the master carpenter of the place
Richmond Whig 4/28/1862; A. C. Godwin has resigned as Provost Marshal, and G. W. Griswold is appointed in his place
Richmond Whig 4/30/1862; Timothy Webster, Yankee spy, was hung at Camp Lee yesterday
Richmond Whig 5/1/1862; details on obstructing the James River
Richmond Whig 5/1/1862; John Minor Botts is living in Henrico, after being released from prison. He is instructed to live in the south somewhere and is preparing to depart

Added March 14, 2004

Richmond Dispatch 7/23/1861; report of the city committee to deal with wounded from the Battle of First Manassas. Drs. McCaw and Hancock (amongst others) are to go to Manassas, while Luther Libby and George S. Palmer (amongst others) are on a committee to procure accommodations.
Richmond Whig 3/3/1862; Jefferson Davis' proclamation that Richmond is under martial law and forced prohibition; Gen. John H. Winder will enforce this proclamation; Capt. A. C. Godwin is appointed Provost Marshal of Richmond. All private firearms must be turned in
Richmond Whig 3/6/1862; accidental death at the "Richmond Medical Hospital" [probably Medical College Hospital]
Richmond Whig 3/6/1862; Samuel Macubbin has been appointed Chief of Police, and Baldwin T. Allen has been appointed clerk of the "prison in Lumpkins' Alley" [Castle Godwin]
Richmond Whig 3/6/1862; Dr. Gibson's stables were partially burnt down
Richmond Whig 3/7/1862; Charles Palmer has been released from Castle Godwin
Richmond Whig 3/10/1862; Tredegar Iron Works are looking to buy a lot of Oak and Hickory timber
Richmond Whig 3/18/1862; description of the laying of the cornerstone of the new Richmond Theater, and the contents placed therein
Richmond Whig 3/18/1862; Capt. Geo. W. Alexander has been appointed Assistant Provost Marshal of Richmond
Richmond Whig 3/27/1862; man severely injured in an explosion of a shell at the "Laboratory, on Byrd Island"
National Tribune 8/3/1899; "A Union Man in Richmond" part three of serial account. Describes the scene in Richmond immediately following secession. States that Gov. Letcher was often drunk; the vote to ratify secession was held in the Old Market building (with serious voter intimidation going on); the Hampden Sydney Battalion passing through Richmond.
CSMSJ Vol. I, No. 4 4/1864; report of  John Stainback Wilson, Surg. Jackson Hospital of an interesting resection case

Added March 12, 2004

CSMSJ Vol. I, No. 1 1/1864; statistics of Winder and Chimborazo hospitals through 1863. Winder's mortality rate is 5.37% and Chimborazo's is 6.42%
CSMSJ Vol. I, No. 1 1/1864; report by Surg. W. A. Davis of a tetanus case at Chimborazo Hospital
CSMSJ Vol. I, No. 2 2/1864; report by Surg. A. Y. P. Garnett on the use of Nelaton's probes - includes a case of a patient at Robertson Hospital. Mentions being assisted by Surg. Bolton.
CSMSJ Vol. I, No. 7 7/1864; report of Surg. Charles Bell Gibson of a plastic surgeon operation at General Hospital No. 1 (includes engraving)

Added March 11, 2004

Richmond Whig 2/24/1862; description of the inauguration of President Davis and Alexander Stephens at the Capitol, and the lousy weather
Richmond Whig 2/24/1862; fire at Vannerson's photographic gallery
Richmond Whig 2/24/1862; crowds of people have been visiting President Davis at his residence. Armory Band is present
Richmond Whig 2/27/1862; man threatens to kill the sergeant of the guard at Chimborazo Hospital
Richmond Whig 3/3/1862; John Minor Botts, Franklin Stearns and other Union men have been arrested and put in "a jail situated in Lumpkin’s Alley" [Castle Godwin]
Richmond Whig 3/3/1862; thirteen local defence companies are marched to the "Virginia State Armory, corner of Cary and 7th streets" and given weapons

Added March 10, 2004

Richmond Whig 2/1/1862; proposed tobacco warehouse at the "Old Fair Grounds" (Monroe Park) will not go over well in the neighborhood
Richmond Whig 2/15/1862; Capt. O. J. Wise's remains arrive via the Petersburg depot and taken to lie in state on the third floor of the Capitol in the room "recently fitted up for the occupancy of the Confederate Senate"
Richmond Whig 2/17/1862; description of the funeral of Capt. O. J. Wise at St. James' Church and Hollywood Cemetery. A large number of people came to see the body while it was lying in state, in a metallic coffin, in the Confederate Senate Room at the Capitol.
Richmond Whig 2/18/1862; burial statistics of the Shockoe Hill Cemetery for the quarter ending 1/31/1862. Notes also that 37 POWs were buried during the same time. Gives statistics for previous years as well. Notes that they have not seen such a report for Hollywood Cemetery.
Richmond Whig 2/21/1862; President Davis will be inaugurated tomorrow; railroad companies will run extra trains; ceremonies will occur on Capitol Square, businesses will be closed
Richmond Whig 2/22/1862; very detailed description of the plans for the inauguration of Jefferson Davis and Alexander Stephens. After the ceremonies, the "President's Mansion will be open from 8 to 11 o'clock."
W. M. Gardner CSR

10/23/1864; 19th VA Militia is guarding prisoners  at Libby Prison and not doing a good job – many desertions, and terrible discipline; recommendation that the “Invalid Corps at Belle Isle” not be broken up to provide an additional guard

National Tribune 7/27/1899; "A Union Man in Richmond;" description of sentiment in Richmond leading up to secession; John Minor Botts' speech at the African Church, and the Secession Convention in the Mechanics' Institute.
National Tribune 10/4/1900; "The Fall of Richmond" Part two of Hiram Peck's memoir. Describes Lincoln's visit to Richmond, details of the evacuation fire, the reopening of the Richmond Theater, and response to Lee's surrender in Richmond. Mentions Castle Thunder detectives being locked in Libby, and gives a description of Hollywood Cemetery.
G. W. Alexander CSR no date; summary of George W. Alexander's Confederate Service
The Black Swan Aug. - Oct. 1929; "The Libby Lion;" article written by the son of R. R. "Dick" Turner, describing his boyhood and experiences with his father. Notes that his Dick Turner was "on the staff of General Winder, with the rank of Captain, and was assigned to duty at Libby Prison, as commissary." Gives a good description of the staff at Libby, especially Erastus Ross. Mentions meeting General Lee after the fall of Richmond, seeing his father in one of the dungeons of Libby. Description of Dick Turner's escape, subsequent recapture and uncertainty regarding Turner's fate in the Penitentiary; notes that Captain Dick Winder was able to destroy the charges against Turner by getting the guard drunk.

Added March 4, 2004

Report of Hospital Committee 1862; Congressional report describing the Richmond hospital system. Notes that State hospitals are superior to the Government ones. Describes the "Bird's Island Hospital" as "obnoxious," but describes the General Hospital, Banner Hospital, and Royster's factory favorably. Says that Royster's is a "model of neatness." Also comments negatively on the system of furloughs and discharges

Added March 3, 2004

Richmond Whig 1/2/1862; description of New Year's Day in Richmond - notes that the main event was the reception at Pres. Davis' house, and subsequent reception at the Governor's mansion
Richmond Whig 1/2/1862; notice from John N. Van Lew (E. Van Lew's brother) that the partnership of Van Lew, Taylor & Co. has been dissolved, and the business will now be conducted solely in Van Lew's name.
Richmond Whig 1/3/1862; J. W. Hoeniger becomes proprietor of the Spotswood Hotel. Notes that he is very young
Richmond Whig 1/6/1862; Mr. John Francisco has been appointed clerk of Confederate prisons in Richmond. Also, last Friday 239 prisoners were exchanged
Richmond Whig 1/8/1862; schemes for connecting railroads via tunnels are before the Legislature
Richmond Whig 1/11/1862; death notice for Philip Rahm, proprietor of the "Eagle Foundry," who died of lockjaw. He was attended by Dr. Bolton.
Richmond Whig 1/22/1862; Description of the funeral of Pres. John Tyler. Body taken from the "Hall of Congress" to St. Paul's, where the funeral sermon was delivered, and thence to Hollywood Cemetery. Notes that the weather was exceedingly bad.
Richmond Whig 1/24/1862; Senate proposes a monument to John Tyler in Hollywood Cemetery. Governor states that the lot of ground near James Monroe was not large enough to accommodate Tyler's remains, and he was placed in the "outer circle," which the governor recommends the state purchase.
Richmond Whig 1/27/1862; The Clay Statue in Capitol Square is becoming soiled from exposure to the weather
Richmond Whig 1/28/1862; Explosion at the Confederate Laboratory, on Byrd Island
Richmond Whig 1/28/1862; General Assembly passes a bill to move the line of the South Side Railroad to avoid the High Bridge, near Farmville, which has been scaring passengers
Richmond Whig 1/28/1862; Two soldiers get into a "shooting affair" in which one is wounded and taken to Louisiana Hospital
Richmond Whig 1/30/1862; Yankee prisoners on one side of Main street are selling carved bones to Confederate prisoners on the other.
Richmond Whig 1/30/1862; temporary tobacco warehouse is proposed at the "Old Fair Grounds"



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