Added February 2004

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Added February 29, 2004

Richmond Dispatch 8/27/1862; notes on the status of the Tredegar Battalion towards the quota of volunteers
New York Times 4/19/1891; part eleven of serialized account of life in Libby. Recounts the author's near-exchange, and subsequent return to Richmond, only to be put in General Hospital #10
National Tribune 8/16/1900; Part Two of Silas Crocker’s serialized account of life in captivity in Richmond - relates the story of his stay on Belle Isle with good details on the prison’s geography. Very fair account, though bitter, he complains only of the quantity of the food. Says the mental strain was the hardest. Also relates the method used to trick the prisoners into thinking they were to be exchanged, and then putting them in trains and sending them south.
National Tribune 9/27/1900; excellent memoir of a member of the 10th CT Inf. describing advancing on Richmond from Fort Burnham on April 3, 1865, and the occupation of Richmond. Gives an interesting description of seeing a copy of the Richmond Sentinel meant to be published that day. Notes on number of rail cars captured.

Added February 27, 2004

Richmond Whig 10/10/1864; description of the funeral of Gen. John Gregg, of Texas, and procession from the Capitol to Hollywood Cemetery.
Richmond Whig 10/24/1864; 1400 enlisted men and 37 officers, captured by Early in the Valley, are brought to Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 10/25/1864; Luther Libby's family have gone North, but soon to return
Richmond Whig 10/25/1864; steamer Schultz has been rebuilt, and will resume trips to and from Drewry's Bluff
Richmond Whig 10/26/1864; two men caught trying to "cut their way out" of Castle Thunder
Richmond Whig 10/27/1864; negro boy is killed after trying to jump on to the Fredericksburg train on Broad street; appeal for this practice to be stopped
Richmond Whig 10/29/1864; 700 Yankees arrive at Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 10/31/1864; two women, masquerading as soldiers, brought to Castle Thunder. They had served with General Early for two years
Richmond Whig 10/31/1864; female spy from Isle of Wight is brought to Castle Thunder
Richmond Whig 10/31/1864; man shot and killed while trying to escape from the guards who were taking him to Castle Thunder
Richmond Whig 10/31/1864; 400 Yankee prisoners, including General Dufie, are brought to Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 11/2/1864; "between four and five hundred" prisoners brought to Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 11/5/1864; slave of Sally Tompkins arrested for burglary
Richmond Whig 11/8/1864; Libby Prison stable burns down
Richmond Whig 11/11/1864; Detective Caphart, "one of the police of Castle Thunder," dies
Richmond Whig 11/12/1864; good-looking woman put in Castle Thunder as a "suspicious character"
Richmond Whig 11/14/1864; two workers at Tredegar captured while going to Yankee lines
Richmond Whig 11/24/1864; one white man and three negroes were killed by the accidental explosion of shells at Tredegar
Richmond Whig 12/31/1864; prisoner at Libby accidentally killed by "the accidental explosion of a musket" while the inspector was examining it in the basement of Libby
Richmond Dispatch 12/8/1901; description of the escape of Richard R. "Dick" Turner from Libby Prison, after the close of the war. Includes engraving of Turner

Added February 24, 2004

Richmond Whig 8/3/1864; boy caught stealing pig iron from Tredegar Iron Works
Richmond Whig 8/12/1864; steamer Allison is making daily trips to and from Drewry's Bluff
Richmond Whig 8/12/1864; member of the Crenshaw battery committed to Castle Thunder for "desertion, robbery and attempting to shoot some one"
Richmond Whig 8/13/1864; boy acquitted for stealing pig iron from Tredegar
Richmond Whig 8/16/1864; man who fell from a third floor window at the Spotswood has a fair chance of recovery
Richmond Whig 8/17/1864; description of the duel between J. M. Daniel and E. C. Elmore
Richmond Whig 8/18/1864; description of the duel examination before the Mayor - mentions Dr. Peticolas' protest
Richmond Whig 8/19/1864; more details on the Daniel/Elmore duel
Richmond Whig 8/20/1864; horse of Gov. Smith dies of lockjaw in Capitol Square, after attempting to jump a fence
Richmond Whig 8/22/1864; more details of the Daniel/Elmore duel in a Henrico court - Dr. Peticolas refuses to testify
Richmond Whig 8/22/1864; Maryland soldier and free negro committed to Castle Thunder, the latter on charge of piloting Hunter in Amherst county, and the former for being a spy
Richmond Whig 8/27/1864; five men shot while trying to escape from Belle Isle on successive nights
Richmond Whig 8/29/1864; more details of the Daniel/Elmore duel trial - including Dr. Peticolas' refusal to testify
Richmond Whig 8/29/1864; fire at the stables of J. M. Daniel
Richmond Whig 8/30/1864; Dr. Peticolas is declared to be "bound to testify" in the Daniel/Elmore duel trial
Richmond Whig 8/31/1864; more on Dr. Peticolas' refusal to testify in the case of the Daniel/Elmore duel
Richmond Whig 9/1/1864; more on Dr. Peticolas' habeas corpus case over his refusal to testify in the Daniel/Elmore duel case
Richmond Whig 9/3/1864; man charged with stealing hogs from the "almshouse hospital" (GH1)
Richmond Whig 9/3/1864; Dr. Peticolas is declared not bound to testify, and is released
Richmond Whig 9/5/1864; more on the Daniel/Elmore duel case
Richmond Whig 9/9/1864; Ballard House will soon be reopened
Richmond Whig 9/9/1864; Man sent to Castle Thunder for being a spy and recruiting negroes for federal service
Richmond Whig 9/10/1864; two Castle Thunder escapees caught
Richmond Whig 9/15/1864; free negro charged with stealing linens from Stuart Hospital, released after it was found that the Steward of the hospital had already administered a "thrashing"
Richmond Whig 9/15/1864; E. C. Elmore pleads guilty for betting at faro
Richmond Whig 9/17/1864; description of the arrival of Gen Morgan's remains via the Danville train, their lying in state in the Capitol building and burial in Hollywood cemetery
Richmond Whig 9/17/1864; Rev. George Patterson of the Episcopal Church, officiated at Gen. Morgan's funeral
Richmond Whig 9/24/1864; member of the City Battalion is shot on 17th street, and taken to Seabrook's Hospital
Richmond Whig 9/26/1864; man falls from a fifth story window of the Spotswood Hotel and is killed
Richmond Whig 9/28/1864; locomotive traveling up the connector track on 8th street, gets out of control near the Spotswood and falls back down into the canal bridge

Added February 18, 2004

Richmond Whig 5/2/1864; description of the death of little Joseph Davis, son of Pres. Jefferson Davis, in a fall from a balcony at the Confederate White House.
Richmond Whig 5/2/1864; 380 returned Confederate prisoners arrive at Rocketts. The enlisted men are taken to Chimborazo Hospital, and the officers are taken either to private quarters or the "Officers’ hospital (formerly the Baptist Institute, on 10th street, west of Marshall street)"
Richmond Whig 5/2/1864; Mary Walker is marched from Castle Thunder to Gen. Winder's office, still in male attire, and creates quite a stir
Richmond Whig 5/2/1864; three prisoners escape from Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 5/4/1864; 12,268 prisoners in the Confederacy, including 1,943 at Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 5/7/1864; slave of Jas. H. Grant is seriously injured in an accident at the Arsenal
Richmond Whig 5/12/1864; Forty-four Yankee officers and 891 Yankee soldiers from the V Corps arrive in the city. Some are recognized as having been on Belle Isle in 1862 by "Lieut. Shihn, Assistant Provost Marshal in this city, who once had charge of them on Belle Isle."
Richmond Whig 5/13/1864; 26 soldiers arrive at Seabrook's Hospital
Richmond Whig 5/13/1864; eleven Confederate officers, including Brig. Gen. Gordon, arrive at the "officers' hospital" (GH4)
Richmond Whig 5/13/1864; 183 Yankee cavalrymen are captured in the "northern suburbs" of the city and taken to the Libby Prison. Includes one negro, and one surgeon
Richmond Whig 5/13/1864; death notice of Gen. J. E. B. Stuart
Richmond Whig 5/14/1864; description of the funeral of Gen. J. E. B. Stuart and interment in Hollywood Cemetery; gives list of pall-bearers, including Pres. Davis, many generals, and members of Congress
Richmond Whig 5/14/1864; fifty prisoners arrive at Libby
Richmond Whig 5/17/1864; dispatches from the Battle of New Market, describing the VMI cadets' role in the battle there
Richmond Whig 5/20/1864; Gen. Gordon dies at the officers' hospital. Misidentified as J. B. Gordon.
Richmond Whig 5/21/1864; seven VMI cadets have died to date after the Battle of New Market
Richmond Whig 5/23/1864; stable of Dr. F. W. Hancock is set afire, but extinguished before any damage could be done
Richmond Whig 5/25/1864; VMI cadets parade in Capitol Square and are reviewed by President Davis. Afterwards, they listen to a speech from Governor Smith
Richmond Whig 5/26/1864; VMI cadets were quartered at Camp Lee before being put under Brig. Gen. Custis Lee's command and given new uniforms by the Secretary of War
Richmond Whig 5/26/1864; praise of Chimborazo, Winder, Jackson and Howard’s Grove Hospitals, and states that there is ample space in those hospitals to accommodate any contingency; criticizes an unnamed hospital for lack of attention to patients
Richmond Whig 5/28/1864; VMI cadets parade in Capitol Square and receive a new Virginia flag from Governor Smith and Gen. Bragg
Richmond Whig 5/31/1864; man from Lynchburg taken to Castle Thunder, charged with being a spy
Richmond Whig 5/31/1864; slave of Dr. Hancock drowns in Shockoe Creek
Richmond Whig 6/1/1864; 200 Yankee prisoners from Totopotomoy Creek arrive at Libby
Richmond Whig 6/2/1864; Dr. J. J. Gravatt thanks several ladies for contributions to Seabrook's Hospital
Richmond Whig 6/2/1864; tobacco factories on Main and Franklin near Church Hill have been re-occupied as prisons, and the guards are forcing people off the sidewalk. Major Turner puts a stop to this practice
Richmond Whig 6/4/1864; 706 prisoners, including 12 officers, arrive at Libby from Gen. Early's lines
Richmond Whig 6/7/1864; details on a woman who told "Beast" Butler that Mayor Mayo had been thrown into Castle Thunder (false rumor)
Richmond Whig 6/7/1864; "three car-loads" of Yankees arrive from Cold Harbor
Richmond Whig 6/9/1864; six Yankee prisoners arrive at Libby
Richmond Whig 6/18/1864; former barracks of the City Battalion, at Canal and 8th, is fast becoming a ruin
Richmond Whig 6/24/1864; Tredegar operative charged with stealing nails
Richmond Whig 6/27/1864; slave arrested for burglary at "Old Fairgrounds Hospital" (Stuart Hospital)
Richmond Whig 6/29/1864; negro arrested for having a stolen shoulder of bacon from Jackson hospital. Says he got it from the cook there, who was named. Also, other negroes arrested for stealing supplies from the Medical Purveyor's Department
Richmond Whig 6/29/1864; a lady has been fraudulently seeking contributions for Chimborazo Hospital; the hospital needs no money - they have plenty of funds
Richmond Whig 6/30/1864; 2 negroes whipped for stealing meat from Jackson Hospital

Added February 15, 2004

Richmond Whig 7/2/1864; Slave of Dr. Tomas Burton is killed by falling into a well
Richmond Whig 7/7/1864; two Chimborazo patients caught in a "house of ill-fame" in Rocketts
Richmond Whig 7/8/1864; Praise that "the military authorities have determined to give passports to all the old women who may wish to go to Yankee land" because there is a "superabundance" of them
Richmond Whig 7/9/1864; five operatives at the Tredegar Iron Works are caught while attempting to go over to the Yankees and are taken to Castle Thunder
Richmond Whig 7/13/1864; "William F. Corkley, proprietor of the Spotswood Hotel" is arrested for violating the anti-liquor law by selling brandy in the bar of the hotel
Richmond Whig 7/18/1864; man fraudulently attempts to buy supplies for Chimborazo Hospital
Richmond Whig 7/18/1864; the anti-liquor law case of William F. Corkley, proprietor of the Spotswood Hotel, is dismissed
Richmond Whig 7/19/1864;  more on the case of Lindsay, the man who attempted to buy supplies in the name of Chimborazo Hospital; McCaw denies that he was working for the hospital, but Lindsay produces papers that gains him his release
Richmond Whig 7/20/1864; attractive female spy is committed to Castle Thunder
Richmond Whig 7/21/1864; Dr. O. F. Manson's house was broken into by a slave and robbed of 400 pounds of bacon
Richmond Whig 7/23/1864; slave who broke into Dr. O. F. Manson's house was released
Richmond Whig 7/26/1864; notes on Dr. Mary Walker parading the streets, on the way to Gen. Gardner's office seeking a parole. Also remarks on her lack of good looks and elicit correspondence while here
Richmond Whig 7/28/1864; notice that John Van Lew has deserted to the Yankees
Richmond Whig 7/29/1864; Detective Boyd has been thrown in Castle Thunder for trying to bribe another detective not to mention that he had seen a prominent member of the treasury department go into a faro bank [probably R. C. Elmore]
Richmond Whig 7/29/1864; excellent paragraph on the severe beating of a negro Arsenal worker by the foreman of the Smith Shop there for stealing copper. Gives interesting statements regarding the treatment of negroes
Richmond Whig 7/29/1864; more details on the desertion of John Van Lew - notes that he vanished near Studley, during the Battle of Cold Harbor
Richmond Whig 7/30/1864; a Castle Thunder escapee and a Yankee deserter are both committed to Castle Thunder

Added February 13, 2004

Richmond Whig 3/1/1864; two boys are injured after being thrown from a horse and are treated by Surg. Read at the "Baptist Institute Hospital." (GH4)
Richmond Whig 3/1/1864; 71 prisoners, captured by Mosby, arrive at Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 3/1/1864; three men, who were caught while attempting to go north, are taken to Castle Thunder
Richmond Whig 3/3/1864; Major Elias Griswold has been relieved as Provost Marshal of Richmond, and sent to Americus, Ga. Major I. Carrington succeeds him
Richmond Whig 3/3/1864; four of Hampton's cavalrymen, injured at Atlee's, arrive at Seabrook's
Richmond Whig 3/3/1864; six negroes, recaptured from the Yankees, are taken to Castle Thunder
Richmond Whig 3/3/1864; Mrs. Patterson Allen (Yankee spy) is at St. Francis de Sales Hospital
Richmond Whig 3/3/1864; Detective Wooters, shot accidentally at Castle Thunder, died yesterday
Richmond Whig 3/4/1864; 600 Yankees prisoners at Libby will be sent to Andersonville today, and the same number will be sent off every other day
Richmond Whig 3/7/1864; rumor of mutiny at Belle Isle is false
Richmond Whig 3/8/1864; the body of Col. Ulric Dahlgren is on display at the York River depot; describes the corpse and mentions that it was buried in an unknown place
Richmond Whig 3/8/1864; four Yankee negro soldiers are brought to Libby Prison and put in the solitary cells
Richmond Whig 3/9/1864; detective Cashmeyer arrested for treason on a flag of truce boat while escorting Yankee prisoner and put in Castle Thunder
Richmond Whig 3/10/1864; female spy taken to Castle Thunder
Richmond Whig 3/10/1864; 260 prisoners from Cumberland Gap arrive at Libby
Richmond Whig 3/10/1864; more details on Detective Cashmeyer's case - he was not behaving treasonously, just stupidly.
Richmond Whig 3/11/1864; more on Cashmeyer's case
Richmond Whig 3/12/1864; Detective Cashmeyer is released from Castle Thunder
Richmond Whig 3/14/1864; Gen. Neal Dow and Capts. Sawyer and Flynn have been sent North from Libby
Richmond Whig 3/14/1864; Cashemeyer was NOT released from Castle Thunder, and will be court-martialed
Richmond Whig 3/14/1864; henhouse of Mr. John Pearce, keeper of the Almshouse, was burglarized
Richmond Whig 3/15/1864; Cashmeyer has been released from Castle Thunder
Richmond Whig 3/16/1864; soldier at Battery No. 3 is arrested for stealing two trunks
Richmond Whig 3/16/1864; soldier dies in Castle Thunder
Richmond Whig 3/17/1864; seventeen escaped prisoners from Danville and Andersonville are recaptured and taken to Libby
Richmond Whig 3/17/1864;  two Spotsylvania men are taken to Castle Thunder under charge of piloting Kilpatrick on the recent raid
Richmond Whig 3/19/1864; five guards at the Arsenal are picked up while trying to get to the Yankee lines and are taken to Castle Thunder
Richmond Whig 3/21/1864; soldier from Battery No. 4 drowns in the canal
Richmond Whig 3/21/1864; four Yankees escape from Mayo's factory and are recaptured
Richmond Whig 3/21/1864; the papers found on Dahlgren's body have been filed in the War Department
Richmond Whig 3/22/1864; 983 Yankees, including 63 officers, were sent off from Libby yesterday
Richmond Whig 3/23/1864; only 1800 prisoners left in Richmond, the 12,000 who were here recently have been sent south or exchanged. Encourages the government not to allow such an accumulation of prisoners again
Richmond Whig 3/26/1864; Dahlgren's crutch is at the Whig office
Richmond Whig 3/28/1864; boy is decapitated after attempting to jump onto the Fredericksburg train on Broad street
Richmond Whig 3/28/1864; man caught stealing locks at Hollywood Cemetery
Richmond Whig 3/29/1864; Detective Cashmeyer has been reinstated, and a Detective who was in the Penitentiary for shooting a woman has been pardoned by the Governor
Richmond Whig 3/29/1864; more on the lock-stealer at Hollywood
Richmond Whig 3/30/1864; more on the lock-stealer at Hollywood
Richmond Whig 3/31/1864; City Battalion (25th Battn. Va. Inf.) have been sent to Chaffin's Farm. Now the 28th Va. Battn. does the guard duty
Richmond Whig 4/4/1864; man in the city jail fakes small pox in order to be taken to Howard's Grove, thinking it would be easier to escape from there, but is found out and taken back to jail
Richmond Whig 4/5/1864; Mr. Thomas W. Doswell has been appointed Asst. Provost Marshal, succeeding G. W. Alexander
Richmond Whig 4/18/1864; Dr. William Geo. Semple has been appointed Surgeon of Libby prison, vice Dr. John Wilkins
Richmond Whig 4/18/1864; two workers at Tredegar arrested for fighting
Richmond Whig 4/19/1864; "Lewis H. Fraysier’s factory, on 20th street, between Main and Franklin" was burglarized
Richmond Whig 4/21/1864; explosion at the Laboratory - percussion caps explode, but no one was injured
Richmond Whig 4/22/1864; Dr. Mary Walker arrives in Richmond, and is taken to Castle Thunder. She is "about thirty years old and quite ugly"
Richmond Whig 4/25/1864; 430 Yankee "invalids" not thought strong enough to make the trip to Andersonville are brought to Libby
Richmond Whig 4/27/1864; 19 Yankee officers, including Gen. Wessels, captured at Plymouth are brought to Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 4/28/1864; 31 Yankee deserters desire to be considered prisoners of war and are taken from Castle Thunder to Libby Prison
Richmond Whig 4/29/1864; Richmond hospitals are said to send all the patients to Petersburg, and to clean out all the hospitals in preparation for the spring campaign

Added February 12, 2004

Richmond Whig 1/1/1864; announcement of the reception at Jefferson Davis' house from noon to 3, as well as the inauguration of Gov. Smith at noon at the Capitol
Richmond Whig 1/2/1864; detailed description of the reception at Jefferson Davis' mansion
Richmond Whig 1/2/1864; Gen. J. H. Morgan will arrive in town soon and be conducted to the Spotswood Hotel
Richmond Whig 1/4/1864; Gen. Morgan will probably arrive tomorrow. Lodgings have been secured at the Ballard House
Richmond Whig 1/12/1864; men and boys are skating on the canal basin; notes that for this to occur, the freeze has been very hard
Richmond Whig 1/16/1864; eighteen Yankee deserters escape from the prison opposite Castle Thunder by cutting through the wall into an adjacent commissary warehouse
Richmond Whig 1/16/1864; description of pardons handed out by Governor Smith, including several participants in the bread riot
Richmond Whig 1/18/1864; former proprietor of the St. Charles Hotel was captured by the Yankees while procuring bacon, etc. for the government
Richmond Whig 1/18/1864; Gens. Hood, Breckinridge, and Morgan visit the House of Representatives
Richmond Whig 1/19/1864; first weekly reception at the President's house will occur tonight
Richmond Whig 1/21/1864; one of the proprietors of the Ballard House is very ill
Richmond Whig 1/21/1864; large number of Castle Thunder prisoners will be removed to Salisbury, N. C., under charge of the Ambulance Corps
Richmond Whig 1/21/1864; two Yankees who escaped from Libby Prison tell a Chicago newspaper that they came upon some of the Richmond fortifications on their way out and the guns were completely unattended. They lament not being able to spike them. The Whig calls for more people to man the guns
Richmond Whig 1/22/1864; the departure of Castle Thunder prisoners was put off for a day due to a railroad "hitch." Notes that one of the prisoners got out of his ball and chain
Richmond Whig 1/22/1864; notes on the attempted arson at the President's house after the reception
Richmond Whig 2/16/1864; G. W. Alexander has been acquitted by the board of inquiry that looked into his conduct at Castle Thunder
Richmond Whig 2/22/1864; one of the Libby Prison tunnel escapees was caught and re-committed to the prison
Richmond Whig 2/22/1864; one of the soldiers from the batteries below Richmond was accidentally shot while loading muskets onto a wagon. He was taken to Seabrook's Hospital
Richmond Whig 2/23/1864; another jailbreak from the prison opposite Castle Thunder - 22 escape, 16 recaptured. Says several hundred deserters are held there, and gives a great physical description
Richmond Whig 2/24/1864; lamentation that the Confederate Government will not give the Alms House back to the city. Notes that "Chimborazo, Camp Winder, Howard’s Grove, etc., afford ample room for all the sick and wounded soldiers brought to this military department" and if they fill up, there are many other places to put the patients
Richmond Whig 2/25/1864; man committed to Castle Thunder for piloting Averill on his raid
Richmond Whig 2/26/1864; Bishop Lynch, of S. C. preaches to the prisoners at Libby
Richmond Whig 2/26/1864; robbery of a hogshead of tobacco at the factory of David C. Mayo, corner 19th and Cary
Richmond Whig 2/27/1864; list of Castle Thunder (7) and Libby Prison (8) inmates sent off by special exchange, including a woman found in men's clothes on Belle Isle, and a correspondent of the New York Herald
Richmond Whig 2/29/1864; bell at the first market has cracked, which had given the fire alarm. Advocates the "bell house" at Capitol Square do the job in the meantime
New York Times 4/5/1891; part nine of serialized account of life in Libby. Describes the plan to break out of Libby upon the success of Dahlgren's raid. Says that there were 1,200 prisoners in Libby at the time. Also noted that 20,000 others in Richmond between Belle Isle and Pemberton. Notes that prison authorities found out about the plot and brought in extra guards and artillery across the street. Relates hearsay evidence of Turner's statement that the prison was mined.
New York Times 4/12/1891; part ten of serialized account of life in Libby. Basically a refutation of Col. Di Cesnola's account regarding the action to be taken during Dahlgren's raid. Notes that Di Cesnola was the acknowledged leader. Continues with his narrative, describing how he faked being sick in order to be taken to the hospital, with the intent to be sent away.
National Tribune 11/16/1905; account of a civilian's stay in Castle Thunder in 1862. Gives a good physical description of the prison, and describes meeting Timothy Webster while there

Added February 11, 2004

Richmond Sentinel 1/3/1865; member of the Tredegar Battalion, now stationed near Fort Harrison, attempts to desert to the enemy and is shot and killed
Richmond Sentinel 1/7/1865; duel occurs at Clark's Spring, near Hollywood Cemetery
Richmond Sentinel 1/27/1865; personal ad from Luther Libby's family - he is now at Fort Warren
Richmond Sentinel 1/31/1865; description of Dr. Peticolas' case before the Virginia Supreme Court regarding his right not to testify in the J. M. Daniel duel case
Richmond Sentinel 2/27/1865; man breaks into Turpin & Yarbrough's factory and steals a pair of shoes
Richmond Sentinel 3/3/1865; attendant at the Libby Prison hospital is caught at the theater with one of the POWs from the prison hospital. He is sent to Castle Thunder and the POW is sent back to Libby.
Richmond Sentinel 3/18/1865; two negroes who were sentenced to be hanged for burglary are released on the condition that they join T. P. Turner's "black brigade"
Richmond Sentinel 3/30/1865; description of recent renovation to the interior of the Capitol; laments the spitting of tobacco juice
Richmond Sentinel 3/30/1865; a free negro in Maj. Turner's battalion grows tired of the drill and decides to walk off with stolen clothes
Richmond Sentinel 12/5/1865; violent brawl between members of the "20th N. Y. S. M." at the Moore Hospital (former GH24)

Added February 10, 2004

Richmond Sentinel

11/1/1864; details on the killing of the soldier who tried to escape while being taken to Castle Thunder

Richmond Sentinel

11/1/1864; dead man found floating in the Canal Basin, near the Gallego mills - body had been in the body a week or more

Richmond Sentinel

11/1/1864; deserter taken from Castle Thunder and shot in the presence of Fields' Division. He was from the 4th Alabama and had been recaptured in Yankee uniform

Richmond Sentinel

11/1/1864; praise for the little steamer Parker, which makes excursions to Chaffin's and Drewry's Bluff

Richmond Sentinel

11/2/1864; Chimborazo hospital was thought to be on fire - the fire was actually in the country

Richmond Sentinel

11/7/1864; two boys arrested near the Second Baptist Church for throwing rocks. They are members of the "basin cats."

Richmond Sentinel

11/8/1864; stable attached to Libby Prison was burnt down

Richmond Sentinel

11/10/1864; details on three recent Castle Thunder inmates

Richmond Sentinel

11/11/1864; detective Caphart, "one of the detectives attached to the Castle Thunder prison" died yesterday

Richmond Sentinel

11/12/1864; VMI will commence its term starting Dec. 1 at the Alms House; all faculty and cadets requested to report at that time

Richmond Sentinel

11/12/1864; order from Superintendent of VMI for cadets and faculty to report to the Alms House for the next term, and details financial arrangements

Richmond Sentinel

11/12/1864; NC woman committed to Castle Thunder for being a suspicious character

Richmond Sentinel

11/12/1864; personal ad to Luther Libby, who is now a prisoner at Fort Delaware

Richmond Sentinel

11/14/1864; three workers from Tredegar arrested while attempting to go over to the enemy and are put in Castle Thunder

Richmond Sentinel

11/15/1864; car shed for the Danville railroad burns up, along with ten railroad cars.

Richmond Sentinel

11/21/1864; Three people (one of whom was a Tredegar worker) arrested on Williamsburg road for attempting to go to the enemy. They said they were going to visit friends at Chaffin's Bluff

Richmond Sentinel

11/21/1864; one of the "street guards" who checks papers was arrested and sent to Castle Thunder for letting a person escape

Richmond Sentinel

12/5/1864; Vice President Stephens is at the Spottswood

Richmond Sentinel

12/5/1864; VMI Board of Visitors approves the occupation of the Alms House, and city agrees to rent it to them

Richmond Sentinel

12/12/1864; a conductor on the Fredericksburg railroad is shot by a criminal and dies at the "officers’ hospital (City Alms House)." Gives a list of the doctors who treated him

Richmond Sentinel

12/18/1864; Alms House rented to VMI for $15,000 a year

Richmond Sentinel

12/21/1864; details on two new Castle Thunder inmates; one a "Yankee deserter" who is really a soldier from the 21st Miss., and the other a patient at Jackson Hospital who is charged with larceny

Richmond Sentinel

12/24/1864; man brought to trial for stealing nitre from the laboratory; four boys sentenced for stealing iron from the Old Dominion Iron Works on Belle Isle

Added February 7, 2004

Richmond Sentinel 10/3/1864; Mr. Harvie, President of the Richmond and Danville Railroad, collides with an oncoming train while operating a handcar in Manchester and is injured
Richmond Sentinel 10/4/1864; 1500 Yankee POWs (including 58 officers) arrive at Libby; 1114 POWS sent to Salisbury yesterday
Richmond Sentinel 10/10/1864; brief paragraph describing the burial of General Gregg in Hollywood
Richmond Sentinel 10/12/1864; two stewards on Belle Isle were before the Mayor for stealing government grease from the Belle Isle kitchens; they were released
Richmond Sentinel 10/22/1864; murder of a little boy near Seabrook's hospital by a nurse at the hospital
Richmond Sentinel 10/24/1864; more on the Seabrook's hospital murder
Richmond Sentinel 10/25/1864; six Irish conscripts arrested while attempting to get to Yankee lines and put in Castle Thunder
Richmond Sentinel 10/25/1864; a deserter from the 28th Alabama is arrested while in Yankee uniform and put in Castle Thunder
Richmond Sentinel 10/25/1864; steamer Schultz has been refitted and will resume trips down the river
Richmond Sentinel 10/26/1864; man charged with the shooting of little boy at Seabrook's is sent on for trial
Richmond Sentinel 10/27/1864; negro boy is killed after trying to jump on to the Fredericksburg train on Broad street; appeal for this practice to be stopped
Richmond Sentinel 10/31/1864; two females who had been serving for two years under Gen. Early were found out and put in Castle Thunder; details on two other prisoners: one male slave and one white female
Richmond Sentinel 10/31/1864; man attempts an escape while being taken to Castle Thunder and is shot and killed
Richmond Sentinel 10/31/1864; 400 prisoners, including Brig. Gen. Duffy, arrive at Libby Prison

Added February 6, 2004

Richmond Sentinel 8/2/1864; boy is arrested for stealing pig iron from Tredegar Iron Works
Richmond Sentinel 8/5/1864; items from the Mayor's docket: two negro girls are thrashed for calling a white man "poor white trash;" a boy escapee from the Alms House is sent back there after stoning a man at the Petersburg depot
Richmond Sentinel 8/10/1864; 90 wounded prisoners, including a dozen negro soldiers, arrive at Libby. Gives negative commentary on the negro troops' appearance and smell.
Richmond Sentinel 8/17/1864; a duel was fought yesterday between John M. Daniel of the Richmond Examiner, and R. C. Elmore, of the Treasury department. Daniel was wounded in the right leg
Richmond Sentinel 8/18/1864; details of the trail of R. C. Elmore, for duelling with J. M. Daniel. Dr. Peticolas, the physician at the duel, refuses to testify on the grounds that he might incriminate himself. Counsel gets a change of venue because the duel was fought in Henrico, not in the city.
Richmond Sentinel 8/22/1864; more details on the recent duel - Dr. Peticolas continues to refuse to testify
Richmond Sentinel 8/22/1864; alleged spy from the Maryland line and a free negro are committed to Castle Thunder
Richmond Sentinel 8/26/1864; 80 negro POWs, taken at the Battle of the Crater, are brought to Castle Thunder
Richmond Sentinel 8/29/1864; arsonist torches the stable of John M. Daniel
Richmond Sentinel 8/29/1864; more details on the recent duel - Dr. Peticolas continues to refuse to testify and is recommended to be held in contempt of court
Richmond Sentinel 8/30/1864; more details on the recent duel - Dr. Peticolas continues to refuse to testify after being ordered to do so and is thrown in jail
Richmond Sentinel 8/31/1864; details on the habeas corpus case of Dr. Peticolas' refusal to testify
Richmond Sentinel 8/31/1864; shell explodes in a foundry in rear of the War Department building (Mechanics' Institute)
Richmond Sentinel 9/1/1864; Dr. Peticolas is out on bail awaiting Judge's decision on his refusal to testify
Richmond Sentinel 9/1/1864; half of the Exchange Hotel will be used as a soldiers' home for the soldiers from Louisiana
Richmond Sentinel 9/3/1864; Judge determines that Dr. Peticolas is not bound to testify and he is released
Richmond Sentinel 9/5/1864; more details of the trail of R. C. Elmore, for duelling with J. M. Daniel.
Richmond Sentinel 9/10/1864; former keeper of "the Rebel House," under the Exchange Hotel and a free negro escape from Castle Thunder and are recaptured
Richmond Sentinel 9/15/1864; Gen. Morgan's remains will arrive in the city soon and be taken to the State Capitol to lie in state, and then be buried at Hollywood until Kentucky can take him home
Richmond Sentinel 9/17/1864; description of Gen. Morgan's body lying in state in the Capitol, and burial at Hollywood
Richmond Sentinel 9/19/1864; an employee of the Arsenal named Taylor, along with two others, are captured while going to the enemy. Taylor is placed in Castle Thunder, the others released
Richmond Sentinel 9/19/1864; train guards will be examining passes, and none without proper papers will be allowed to pass through Richmond
Richmond Sentinel 9/26/1864; man falls from a fifth story window of the Spotswood Hotel and is killed
Richmond Sentinel 9/28/1864; locomotive traveling up the connector track on 8th street, gets out of control near the Spotswood and falls back down into the canal bridge
Richmond Sentinel 9/29/1864; praise for the Confederate States Medical and Surgical Journal

Added February 4, 2004

Richmond Sentinel 6/7/1864; many patients in hospitals cannot be furloughed because their homes are in Yankee hands; those along the canal are requested to take them.
Richmond Sentinel 6/13/1864; letters and goodies for the Tredegar and Departmental battalions should be left at Mr. Tanner's office (address given)
Richmond Sentinel 6/13/1864; some of Sheridan's captured men arrive via canal packet. "Ten or fifteen" prisoners from Lee's front arrive at Libby.
Richmond Sentinel 6/15/1864; revival is afoot in the City Battalion [25th VA Battn]
Richmond Sentinel 6/15/1864; details of three new inmates at Castle Thunder
Richmond Sentinel 6/16/1864; brief notice of the burning of VMI buildings at Lexington. Cadets are presently at "Rope Ferry, Balcony Falls"
Richmond Sentinel 6/17/1864; two soldiers are taken to Castle Thunder
Richmond Sentinel 6/17/1864; soldier from Cutts' artillery committed to Castle Thunder for stabbing a member of his company
Richmond Sentinel 6/24/1864; boys are throwing stones at the Washington and Clay monuments and each other. The mayor clamps down and orders all offenders arrested. Brief description of a rock battle between boys on Gamble's and Penitentiary hills
Richmond Sentinel 6/24/1864; operative at Tredegar is arrested for stealing nails
Richmond Sentinel 6/24/1864; Gen. Smith of VMI says that the Institute's buildings were not much damaged, and many of the academic apparatus was saved
Richmond Sentinel 6/30/1864; two Yankee deserters arrive at Fort Drewry
Richmond Sentinel 7/1/1864; house of "ill fame" is broken up by police. Women there "exposed their persons in the windows, and halloed at, threw at and spit upon all passers by."
Richmond Sentinel 7/6/1864; two boys are accidentally killed while playing with an unexploded shell at Yellow Tavern
Richmond Sentinel 7/9/1864; five workmen at Tredegar are captured while attempting to escape to the Yankees and are put in Castle Thunder
Richmond Sentinel 7/18/1864; man arrested for trying to make purchases in the name of Chimborazo hospital. McCaw testifies that he was not associated with the hospital. Worker at the Spotswood hotel arrested for selling whiskey at the bar, but released.
Richmond Sentinel 7/20/1864; female spy is received at Castle Thunder
Richmond Sentinel 7/22/1864; slave charged with breaking into the home of Dr. O. F. Manson [GH24] and stealing a lot of bacon.
Richmond Sentinel 7/26/1864; Dr. Mary Walker is taken to Gen. Gardner's office, desiring to be released

Added February 2, 2004

New York Times 3/22/1891; part seven of serialized account of life in Libby. Describes attempted escape from Libby, travel towards Union lines and recapture.
New York Times 3/29/1891; part eight of serialized account of life in Libby. Describes recapture, waiting in Cold Harbor tavern, response by Confederates to the tunnel escape, and re-confinement in Libby. Gives description of being in cells beneath Libby Prison.

Page last updated on 02/08/2008