Located "in the western suburbs beyond Hollywood Cemetery." It was bounded by the present City streets of Idlewood Avenue on the north, Jacquelin Street on the south, Allen Avenue in the west, and Lombardy Street in the east. A common military road (present Allen Avenue) joined it with Winder Hospital. Opened 29 June 1863 "midway between Camp Lee and Winder." It had 40 acres of gardens and an excellent library. Original capacity was 1980, but it was reported to have been enlarged to, or able to handle, 2500. 9 May 1864 it was reported to be "filled with North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia troops from battles" in northern Virginia. Named for General Thomas J. Jackson, it had 49 buildings. Furnished three companies of African American Confederate troops from amongst employees. They served "in the lines under fire" and had " a public drill in the Capitol Square" along with those from Winder Hospital. Their company commanders were: Captains A. Lockett, W. M. Baxley, and T. R. Calvin, in March 1865. Used by Federal occupation forces until 30 September 1865 for Confederate prisoners. (from Confederate Military Hospitals in Richmond by Robert W. Waitt, Jr., Official Publication #22 Richmond Civil War Centennial committee, Richmond, Virginia 1964.)
In the National Archives:
|Record Group 109, (ch. VI, vols. 376, 406, 407). 4 in.||Letters, Orders, and Circulars Issued and
Received. 1863-66. 3 vols.
Copies of letters, orders, and circulars
issued by the Surgeon-in-Charge and other officials of the hospital; by
the Surgeon General, Adjutant and Inspector General, and Medical Director
in Richmond; and by various military commanders. Arranged chronologically.
In the front of volume 406 is a list of documents, arranged by type of
document. The communications in volume 376 that are dated after Apr. 5,
1865, are between the Union officer in charge of the hospital and his
superiors. There are a few letters, orders, and circulars issued by the
Union officer in charge of Jackson Hospital, 1865, in volume 547
(described in the second entry for the records of Camp Winder General
|Record Group 109, (ch. VI, vol. 414 ˝ [part]). ˝ in.||Letters and Orders Issued and Received, and
Personnel Lists. 1861-65. Part of 1 vol.
Copies of letters and
orders issued by the Surgeon-in-Charge of the hospital and by the Medical
Director's Office and the Adjutant and Inspector General's Department in
Richmond, 1863-64; and lists of personnel, showing name, rank, age, State
from which appointed, date of appointment, duties, and remarks. The
letters and orders are arranged chronologically; the personnel lists by
type of position. The personnel lists are not dated, but the dates of
appointment range from 1861 to 1865. The other entries in this volume
relate to General Hospital No. 18 at Richmond (described earlier among
records of that hospital).
|Record Group 109, (ch. VI, vols. 373, 373 ˝ ). 2 in.||Reports of Officers of the Day. 1864-65. 2
Letters from the officers of the day to the
Surgeon-in-Charge, reporting on affairs and conditions at the hospital
during the periods of their services. Arranged chronologically.
|Record Group 109, (ch. VI, vol. 138). 1 in.||
Orders and Letters Received. 1864-65. 1 vol.
of orders issued by Headquarters of the Army and Department of Northern
Virginia, the Adjutant and Inspector General's Department, the Department
of Richmond, the Medical Director's Office, and the Camp of Instruction at
Richmond, and copies of a few letters. Arranged chronologically; a name
index is in the front of the volume. The greater part of the volume
contains special orders relating to details at the hospital.
|Record Group 109, (ch. VI, vol. 378). 1 in.||Correspondence of Maj. H. C. Scott. 1865. 1 vol. Major Scott was Acting Assistant Surgeon of Division No. 3 of Jackson Hospital and was in charge of organizing a group of detailed men for local defense. The correspondence is with other officers at the hospital concerning selection of personnel. Arranged chronologically.|
|Record Group 109, (ch. VI, vol. 377). 2 in.||Register of Papers Received and Transmitted. 1864-65. 1 vol. Shows name and rank of writer, post or station, date of paper, analysis of contents, and action taken. Entries are arranged roughly by date of paper.|
|Record Group 109, (ch. VI, vols. 183, 186). 4 in.||Register of Patients. 1864-65. 2 vols. Show patient's name, rank, and organization; division of hospital in which confined; date admitted; diagnosis; disposition of case; and remarks. Entries in volume 186 cover all 10 divisions of the hospital; those in volume 183, apparently all but Division 6. Entries in volume 183 (Apr.-Aug. 1865) are mainly for patients admitted after the war was over, but the organizations to which they belonged indicate that they were Confederates. Entries within each volume are arranged alphabetically by initial letter of patient's name.|
|Record Group 109, (ch. VI, vol. 185). 1 in.||
Register of Confederate Sick and Wounded. Apr. 4,
1865. 1 vol.
Shows patient's name, rank, and organization. The
entries made in a U.S. Army Medical Department Register, are unarranged.
The information duplicates that in volume 186 (described in the entry
|Record Group 109, (ch. VI, vols. 701-704, 726-728). 1 ft.||Morning Reports of Patients and Attendants. 1864-65. 7 vols. Daily reports showing patient's name, rank, organization, and disease and whether admitted, returned to duty, furloughed, transferred, discharged, or died; and the number of medical officers and attendants present for duty (this information is not shown in all volumes). In many cases the column for notation of action contains the name of the patient's brigade commander but no reference to action taken. At the end of each report is a recapitulation showing the number of patients admitted, returned to duty, furloughed, transferred, discharged, and died. The reports are arranged chronologically and thereunder by hospital division.|
|Record Group 109, (ch. VI, vol. 375). 1 in.||Morning Reports of the Guard. 1864-65. 1 vol. Daily reports showing the number of sergeants, corporals, privates, cooks, and hospital attendants present for duty, sick, on leave, and under arrest; present and absent strength; changes since last report; and remarks. Arranged chronologically.|
|Record Group 109, (ch. VI, vol. 374). 1 in.||Invoices of Medicines, Instruments, Furniture, and Hospital Stores. 1863-65. 1 vol. List the various articles received and the quantity of each article. The invoices are arranged by date.|
|Record Group 109, (ch. VI, vol. 184). 2 in.||Register of Patients Furloughed, Detailed, Retired, and Recommended for Discharge, Divisions No. 1-4. 1864-65. 1 vol. The furlough register shows patient's name, rank, and organization; duration of disease or wound; division of hospital in which confined; post office; railroad station; diagnosis; and length of furlough. The detail register shows the same, except that instead of post office and railroad station it shows to whom and where to report. The retired register and the discharge register contain the same information as the detail register. The registers are arranged by type and thereunder by date of action taken.|
|Record Group 109, (ch. VI, vol. 187). 1 in.||Lists of Employees, Divisions No. 1-4. 1863-64. 1 vol. This volume contains lists of Negro employees, hospital stewards, detailed soldiers employed, female employees, guards, and medical officers. The lists are arranged by type.|
|Record Group 109, (ch. VI, vol. 405). 1 in.||Orders and Circulars Received and Issued and Lists of Employees, Division No. 4. 1863-65. 1 vol. Orders and circulars issued by the Surgeon-in-Charge of Division No. 4, and received by him from the Surgeon-in-Charge of Jackson Hospital and the Medical Director in Richmond; and lists of medical officers, detailed men, and attendants. Arranged by type of material.|
|Record Group 109, (ch. VI, vols. 102, 182, 189). 4 in.||Registers of Patients, Division No. 4. 1864-65. 3 vols. Show patient's number, name, rank, and organization; date of admittance; diagnosis; disposition of case; and remarks. Entries in volumes 182 and 189 are arranged numerically by number of patient; those in volume 102, which do not show patient's number or disposition of the case, by date of admittance.|
|Record Group 109, (ch. VI, vol. 188). 1 in.||Lists of Patients, Division No. 4. 1864-65.
The patients are listed under the following headings:
admitted, returned to duty, reported for duty, transferred, furloughed,
deserted, and died. The patient's name, rank, organization, date of
admittance, and complaint are given. The information is duplicated in
volumes 182, 186, and 189 (described above).
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