General Hospital #22

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 :: General Hospital #22 ::
Information about General Hospital #22 in Richmond, VA during the Civil War.

Also called: Howard’s Factory Hospital, Howard Hospital, North Carolina Hospital. Formerly tobacco factory of George D. Howard Company. Three-storied, A-roofed, brick building. Opened in 1862. Closed 22 July 1864. Capacity about 110 employees 44. Dr. Addison C. Fox, surgeon-in-charge. "Praised for good work with desperate cases" on 19 May 1863. Location: On the north side of Main street, northeast corner of 26th. Atkinson's Factory appears to be the same building.

RG 109, Ch. 6, Vol. 151, p. 29 9/1862 - 6/1863; Statistics of General Hospital #22 - hospital closed after June, 1863

Written Accounts

Richmond Dispatch 7/26/1861; 17 Union surgeons are POWs; one is the son of a big New York tobacco merchant and is in Howard's factory
Richmond Enquirer 10/5/1861; statistics and praise of the “Confederate States Prison Hospital, at Rocketts.” Notes 41 deaths have occurred, and praises Dr. E. G. Higginbotham at length. 
Richmond Enquirer 11/18/1861; great description of the prison system in Richmond with list of employees (included Wirz and Higginbotham). Notes that over 2000 POWs now in Richmond
Richmond Dispatch 12/19/1861; Nice sales notice for Atkinson’s Factory, north side of Main betw. 26 & 27
Richmond Dispatch 1/4/1862; very good sales notice, with dimensions, for Atkinson’s tobacco factory, north side of Main between 26 & 27
Richmond Enquirer 1/14/1862; Yankee prisoners at Atkinson's factory have destroyed machinery and tobacco in their prison
Richmond Dispatch 2/24/1862; only 138 prisoners left in Richmond; Ross' factory no longer to be prison, Howard's factory to remain a prison
Richmond Dispatch 3/3/1862; Rent notice for Capt. J. W. Atkinson’s 5-story tobacco factory, Main St.
Summary of William Liggan file, M346, National Archives 5/21/1862; extensive carpentry done at Howard Hospital
Richmond Dispatch 5/27/1862; Surg. Addison C. Fox wants nurses, cooks, laundresses. He in charge of Howard Hosp., north side of Main betw 25 & 26
New York Sunday Mercury 6/1/1862; letter from soldier in the 38th NY, describing life in Harwood's Factory prison - notes on the guards, and Lt. Todd (Mary Lincoln's Confederate brother).
Richmond Dispatch 6/30/1862; Another huge hospital list: Seabrook’s; Banner; Christian & Lea’s; Globe; Moore; Howard; Royster; Central Depot; First Alabama; Third Alabama; First Georgia; Second Georgia; Third Georgia
Joseph F. Powell file, M346 7/1/1862; $399.25 paid for carpentry work done on Howard Hospital: itemized list
Richmond Dispatch 7/10/1862; Dr. Jno. R. Hinton, Howard Hospital, “25th and 26th Streets” north of Main, adv for 2 escaped slaves
Ledger of Confederate Hospital Practice no date; Rules and Regulations for General Hospital #22
Ledger of Confederate Hospital Practice no date; list of Surgeons at General Hospital #22
Richmond Examiner 7/21/1862; praise of ladies working at Howard Hospital (GH#22), located in Atkinson's factory
National Archives, RG 109, Ch. IV 8/1/1862; order from F. Sorrel, re-designating existing hospitals into Gen. Hosps. with numbers.
Richmond Enquirer 8/11/1862; excellent description of the Howard Hospital (GH#22)
Summary of Franklin Stearns file, M346, National Archives 9/1/1862; $700.00 paid “For rent of building and premises known as “General Hospital No. 22” from April 10th to Sept. 1st 1862
Richmond Dispatch 9/12/1862; Dr. John R. Hinton, Howard Hospital, “corner 25th and 26th sts.,” adv for runaway negro
Richmond Enquirer 9/30/1862; tabular report of sick & wounded soldiers in the Hospitals in Richmond
Richmond Examiner 5/15/1863; GH#22 in excellent order
Richmond Examiner 5/19/1863; GH#22 mortality rate 3 1/8%; others, 5%
Richmond Dispatch 6/18/1863; Excellent description of General Hospital #22 (Howard's Factory)
RG 109, Ch. 6, Vol. 151, p. 29 9/1862 - 6/1863; Statistics of General Hospital #22 - hospital closed after June, 1863
Richmond Examiner 7/27/1863; GH#22 closed; Jackson opened
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VI, pp. 852-853 11/10/1863 - 1/18/1864; statement of clothing issued to prisoners in Richmond.
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VI, p. 1050 11/21/1863; Dimensions and number of patients mentioned.
Richmond Whig 6/2/1864; tobacco factories on Main and Franklin near Church Hill have been re-occupied as prisons, and the guards are forcing people off the sidewalk. Major Turner puts a stop to this practice
William A. Curtis Memoir, Tenn. SLA no date; excellent description of hospital stay in GH#22 and Winder Hospital. Excellent physical descriptions.

In the National Archives:

Record Group 109, (ch. VI, vol. 711). 2 in. Morning Reports of Patients and Attendants, General Hospitals No. 1-4, 7-8, 12-20, 22-23, and 25-27. 1862-65. 1 vol. Daily reports showing the number of patients in hospital, in private quarters, received, returned to duty, transferred, furloughed, deserted, discharged, died, and remaining; the number of medical officers, stewards, nurses, cooks, and laundresses present for duty; and remarks. Arranged by hospital number, thereunder chronologically, and thereunder by State of patient's organization. The dates given are inclusive; not all hospitals have reports for all dates.

Page last updated on 06/14/2008