General Hospital #15

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 :: General Hospital #15 ::
Information about General Hospital #15 in Richmond, VA during the Civil War.

Also called: Crew's Hospital, Crew and Pemberton Hospital. Formerly tobacco factory of Crew and Pemberton, Four-storied, brick building. Destroyed in evacuation fire. Opened about June 1862. Capacity over 200. Drs. H. C. Scott, G. B. Moore, W. T. Bell, in charge. After 25 September 1862 converted to barracks for convalescent or traveling solders. Location: northwest corner of 21st and Cary Streets. (from Confederate Military Hospitals in Richmond by Robert W. Waitt, Jr., Official Publication #22 Richmond Civil War Centennial committee, Richmond, Virginia 1964.)

RG 109, Ch. 6, Vol. 151, p. 36 9/1862; Statistics of General Hospital #15 - hospital closed after September, 1862


1863 photograph of Libby Prison, looking east - prison guards in formation at present arms. Taken by Rees. Crew & Pemberton building is at left.
Detail of an Alexander Gardner photograph, taken in April 1865, showing the Crew & Pemberton building in ruins.

Written Accounts

Richmond Dispatch 10/3/1861; Crew & Pemberton advertises their tobacco
Joseph F. Powell file, M346 5/10/1862; $624.91 paid for carpentry work done on Crew's Factory: itemized list
Richmond Dispatch 5/27/1862; Asst Surg George Ross in charge Crew Factory Hosp., corner 21 & Cary, wants 30 male negro nurses, 15 laundresses, 10 cooks, and a steward, wardmaster, & clerk
Richmond Enquirer 6/6/1862; casualty list from Seven Pines, listing the hospitals where wounded were taken.
Joseph F. Powell file, M346 6/15/1862; $836.50 paid for carpentry work done on Crew's Factory: itemized list
Richmond Dispatch 6/27/1862; D. L. McLaughlin, Asst Surg in charge of Crew’s Factory Hospital
Joseph F. Powell file, M346 7/1/1862; $373.74 paid for carpentry work done on Crew Factory Hospital: itemized list
Richmond Dispatch 7/2/1862; Georgia Relief and Hospital Association is at Crew & Pemberton's factory (GH#15)
Richmond Examiner 7/7/1862; many Yankees brought to the "hospital on Cary, near Twentieth street"
Richmond Examiner 7/22/1862; Crew Factory Hospital (GH#15) in good order
National Archives, RG 109, Ch. IV 8/1/1862; order from F. Sorrel, re-designating existing hospitals into Gen. Hosps. with numbers.
Ledger of Confederate Hospital Practice no date; list of Surgeons at General Hospital #15
Richmond Dispatch 9/20/1862; Crew & Conrad Factory Hospital to be a "soldier's home"
Richmond Dispatch 9/29/1862; flag of truce boat has brought 205 Confederates to Richmond - they have been taken to the Soldiers' Home and Camp Lee
Richmond Dispatch 9/30/1862; nice account of Soldiers Home on Cary Street – holds 2700 men. Parade every evening on Dock Street
Richmond Enquirer 9/30/1862; tabular report of sick & wounded soldiers in the Hospitals in Richmond
RG 109, Ch. 6, Vol. 151, p. 36 9/1862; Statistics of General Hospital #15 - hospital closed after September, 1862
Richmond Dispatch 10/1/1862; details on the Soldiers’ homes – the barrack next to the Central Depot is “broken up” and the remaining soldiers’ homes (Conrad & Crew’s Factory & “the Franklin street barrack”) are often strained to capacity.
Richmond Dispatch 10/2/1862; correction: Crew & Pemberton, not Crew & Conrad to be used as a "soldiers' home"
Richmond Dispatch 11/12/1862; Luther Libby chairman of Shoes Campaign for Jefferson Ward; Wm. Greanor and Cornelius Crew are also mentioned
Richmond Examiner 5/11/1863; between two and three thousand Yankee prisoners arrive and quartered at Crew's factory
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VI, pp. 852-853 11/10/1863 - 1/18/1864; statement of clothing issued to prisoners in Richmond.
Official Records, Ser. II, Vol. VI, pp. 544-548 11/18/1863; report of number of prisoners in Richmond as well as provisions issued to prisoners
Richmond Examiner 5/17/1864; Yankee shot at Pemberton's warehouse
Richmond Whig 4/4/1865; excellent account of the evacuation and burning of Richmond; mentions Crew's factory burning
National Tribune 2/14/1884; brief account of prisoner's experience in Libby, Pemberton, Belle Isle, and Andersonville; notes that small pox broke out in Pemberton
Toledo Blade 6/9/1887; gives description of life on Belle Isle in late 1863 and early 1864; includes account of the dog-slaying incident; mentions that he was also in Pemberton Prison for a brief time
National Tribune 1/1/1891; excellent description of Crew and Pemberton Prisons and account of a "sugar raid"
National Tribune 2/19/1891; brief response to the 1/1/1891 Tribune article concerning the sugar raid and Crew and Pemberton Prisons
New York Times 2/22/1891; part three of serialized account of life in Libby. Notes on various ways prisoners attempted to escape, the Confederate preachers who came there, the fact that prisoners could see the men at Pemberton, but could not communicate with them, and some of the chess matches that took place in prison.
New York Times 4/5/1891; part nine of serialized account of life in Libby. Describes the plan to break out of Libby upon the success of Dahlgren's raid. Says that there were 1,200 prisoners in Libby at the time. Also noted that 20,000 others in Richmond between Belle Isle and Pemberton. Notes that prison authorities found out about the plot and brought in extra guards and artillery across the street. Relates hearsay evidence of Turner's statement that the prison was mined.
New York Times 4/19/1891; part eleven of serialized account of life in Libby. Recounts the author's near-exchange, and subsequent return to Richmond, only to be put in General Hospital #10
National Tribune 12/31/1891; brief account of incarceration in Pemberton Prison
National Tribune 1/25/1894; description of how the Confederates "tricked" Yankees into moving from Pemberton Prison to Belle Isle
National Tribune 8/29/1895; brief description of the author's prison experiences at Belle Isle, Pemberton, and Scott's prisons
National Tribune 4/18/1901; description of life in Pemberton Prison in 1865. Notes that Dick Turner was in charge there, and gives some examples of his cruelty
National Tribune 10/15/1903; diary entry describes Dick Turner stealing money from the prisoners at Pemberton Prison; mentions Libby.
National Tribune 1/7/1904; former prisoner at Pemberton and Belle Isle says that Belle Isle was worse than Andersonville, and that dead prisoners would be frozen stiff to the ground
National Tribune 5/19/1904; brief letter describing imprisonment in Pemberton Prison and Belle Isle from late 1862 to early 1864. Mentions a one-eyed guard named Sgt. Marks who clubbed prisoners, and Lieut. Bossieux being in charge of Belle Isle.
National Tribune 9/6/1906; a veteran of Richmond prisons asks questions about them. Pemberton, the Belle Isle sutler, and the dog-slaying incident are mentioned.

In the National Archives:

Record Group 109, (ch. VI, vol. 711). 2 in. Morning Reports of Patients and Attendants, General Hospitals No. 1-4, 7-8, 12-20, 22-23, and 25-27. 1862-65. 1 vol. Daily reports showing the number of patients in hospital, in private quarters, received, returned to duty, transferred, furloughed, deserted, discharged, died, and remaining; the number of medical officers, stewards, nurses, cooks, and laundresses present for duty; and remarks. Arranged by hospital number, thereunder chronologically, and thereunder by State of patient's organization. The dates given are inclusive; not all hospitals have reports for all dates.

Page last updated on 05/17/2008